Folder 02: CSC Work & Objectives
The Civic Services Committee Work and Objectives Carolina Art Association Charleston, S.C. 1944
THE CIVIC SERVICES COMMITTEE THE COMMITTEE, sponsored by the Carolina Art Associaltion, was organized in the spring of 1940 by E. Miby Burton, John Mead Howes, James O"Hear, Homer M. place, Sidney J. Rittenberg, Albert Simons, Miss Alice R. Huger Smith, Samuel G. Stoney, and Robert N. S. Whitelaw, Director. Mr. place serves as Chairman. E. Burnham Chamberain, Frederick H. McDonad, William M. Means, Dr. J. I. Waring, and Miss Helen G. McCormack, Secretary were added to the committee. It has become apparent to many that the "distinctive and charming amenity" of Charleston is threatened by loss and change brought about through ignorance, indifference, economic necessity, and the mere pressure of living. The committee has therefore been studying the effects of i- considered restorations and, haphazard explansion, upon things that are historically, architecturally or estheticay important and with these problems of traffic, housing, recreation, etc., as they affect the physical appearance and cultural values of the city. Through the Carolina Art Association the committee received two grants from the Carnegie Corporation and ater one from1 the Rockefeller Foundation. Through the first two it secured a piot study from Frederick aw Olmstead and a years service of Miss Helen G. McCormack as secretary and research assistant. Two needs were obvious:  an inventory of the architecture of the whole city to determine what buildings were worthy of preservation, and  the organization of a disinterested body able to act as a cearing house for such information, and by it to set standards of architectural excellence, that would hep to direct the future planning of the city. The inventory party competed has 1150 buildings cataogued and rated. The committee is at work upon the creation of a permanent organization to stimuate and guide in a purey advisory manner the planned growth and the preservation of those intangible things which make Charleston valuable and important to the nation. It would make its services avaiable to any individual or organization interested. The committee wishes to make it cear however that in no sense does it take unto itself the responsibiity of "planning" Charleston. It believes that many of the greatest threats to the retention oihour valued buildings and vistas can be gotten around by information and forethought and it stands ready to furnish facts to those who would use them. The committee has authorized the Publication of a part of the study conducted for it by Frederick aw Olmstead and a survey of J;he planning problem in Charleston by George W. Simons, Jr. It believes that they will be of use to others who are interested in planning for Charlestons future and that they will define the fied of interest of the Civic Services Committee.
OBJECTIVES FOR THE CIVIC SERVICES COMMITTEE - by - FREDERICK AW Olmstead " MAY, 1940 WHATEVER else the Committee is concerned with it is very centrally concerned with some intangible values peculiar to Charleston, which are of much present and still greater potentiall importance if the physical things and conditions that give rise to them can be adequately safeguarded, but which are exceedingly liable to progressive diminution and irrecoverable loss . Though very difficult to describe they are widely, if somewhat vaguely, recognized and appreciated as summing up into a distinctive and extraordinarily charming amenity characteristic of certain physical aspects of Charleston and definitely associated with certain kinds of old physical objects and conditions [notably certain kinds and arrangements of buildings, walls, fences, gates etc. and of trees, gardens and other open-spaces etc.], which happen, through the accidents of Charlestons peculiar history, to have been inherited in various states of preservation and alteration from periods prior to 1860. These intangible assets are primarily esthetic; directly valuable to many people of Charleston and elsewhere for the personal enjoyment derivable from them; indirectly of much economic value, present and potential, through the wiingness and ability of appreciative people to pay substantial economic prices for the privilege of enjoying them under sufficiently favorable conditions, either as residents of the city or as passing visitors. Their esthetic value is due in part to the time-tested artistic excellence of some of the individual physical units. It seems, however, much more generaly due to the cumulative effect of many adjacent physical units more notable for a picturesque harmoniousness and sef-consistency in the pleasant impressions they produce than for any breathtaking beauty in most of the component units. This in turn seems to be due primarily to two historic facts. In the first place, these physical units were created, to an extent that is extraordinary considering the size of the city, to meet the practical needs and satisfy the esthetic desires of people who were for the time being very prosperous and whose preferences were directly or indirectly much influenced by some of ttoe"Tiner cultural traditions of England and America, at periods when the prevailing fashions happened to be such that the general run of design and construction [apart from any masterpieces] could readily be done, and was done, with a workmanlike understanding of what was attempted. In the second place, during the unhappy period of some fifty or sixty years after 1860, in spite of much damage and outright destruction, by fire, earthquake, delapidation and otherwise of the physical things and conditions
which gave rise to the intangible values in question, and in spite of the intrusion into the gaps of much inharmonious and artisticay inferior stuff, Charleston was saved by the very fact of its economic reverses and the comparative sowness of its economic recovery and physical growth from deiberate destruction of good old things merey to make way for good, bad or indifferent new ones. Because of the great shrinkage in number of the people who could afford to maintain them for anything ike the kinds of use for which they were created, many fine buildings and other physical units contributory to the characteristic charm of Charleston became vacant and deapidated. Many were put to other uses in a makeshift way, not infrequenty for housing people of very small means and often of ow standards in other respects. Even in ocaities where old houses were retained in use as residences by people who both appreciated them and were able to keep them in something ike their best state, a sowy progressive increase in the demand for houses of some sort by people who could not or would not meet the cost [in taxes, interest, and even the most modest upkeep] of having gardens or yards of any considerable size, and diminution or imitation of the number of those who could and would, ed to the conversion of many of the old gardens which were an important eement in producing the values of the old residential districts into separate houseots, on which were crowded in Additional buildings. These were often incongruous with the oder buildings on either side of them and have seriousy impaired the intangible values we are discussing in ocaities where they would otherwise be very we preserved. But even had they been quite in the manner of the surrounding old houses, they would still have had a serious depreciating effect through crowding out the garden-spaces which were an integra part of the earier dweings and deightfuy characteristic eements in the urban scenery of Charleston. By these and kindred processes there has gone on a sow but cumulative "nibbing away" of the peculiar and precious intangible assets of Charleston, invoving an impairment of their present tota effective value atogether disproportionate to the amount of actua physical destruction of fine old buildings and the ike. unfortunately such destructive processes are still continuing though the tota values are still llarge "and are coming to be more and more highy appreciated. For, in the third place, Of late years a strong and very encouraging counter-current has been gathering headway. A notable and progressive increase in the number of people, both Charlestonians and from esewhere, greaty appreciative of these peculiar intangible values and also wiing and able to do something and spend something in pursuit of that interest, has ed to the rehabiitation of a considerable number of fine old dweings and the adaptation of other interesting old structures to" new uses, in a manner deiberatey, and for the most part successfuy, aimed at obtaining a, high degree of enjoyment for the new occuplants of these properties [and incidentay for other people] of the very qualities which are the warp and woof of those same intangible values we are discussing. The extent of such restivey recent "rehabiitations" and the importance of their contribution toward
conserving, perpetuating, and-I will not say "restoring" because the word has a pernicious connotation, but-reinvigorating the peculiar and distinctive amenity of residential Charleston is very striking to one who has seen less of the city in the last twenty-five years than he remembers from the previous twenty-five. Now there are three things which seem very significant about these rehabiitations in reation to possible work of your committee. First: they are for the most part undertaken and carried out not by any means as an archeoogist might prepare a valued museum specimen inherited from and iustrative of some bygone "cuture"; but as a process of utiizing and adapting, to meet the immanent present needs and aspirations of present day people. This is the same sort of norma, healthy adaptive process, more conservative than destructive, but more progressive than static, by which famiies-and civiizations:-of ong-sustained vigor and fine accompishments have deat with and buit upon what one generaltion inherits from another. Second: the process tends to be economically sef sustaining. That is to say there appears to be a persistent and increasing "effective demand" for living and other quarters in old properties rehabiitated with a conscious intention of perpetuating, emphasizing and "reaizing on" these intangible values distinctive of old Charleston. This promises we as to the quantity of such rehabiitation work. But there is inherent in this situation a very serious danger. For it tends to stimuate a widespread uncritica notion that, somehow or other, by hook or by crook, auring money profits can be made by expoiting this attractiveness for people with money to spend, which so evidenty attaches to "Od Charleston" in some vaguely conceived, way. This is the sort of notion out of which grow specuative manias of mercenary expoitation, often invoving ignorant, short-sighted and reckessy sefish enterprizes of a catch-penny sort, progressivey destructive of the values they try to expoit. Such a specuative mania, if it got out of hand, might do more damage to the really important intangible values of old Charleston than a the physical destructions and delapidations of a ong period of negect. Third: The notable achievements in rehabiitating individual old buildings owe their success to a high degree of skill in design and execution, exercised by people who have a keen appreciation of the esthetic qualities of the old work which they are, trying to perpetuate, who also franky accept the necessity of meeting requirements of modern life that were not dreamed of when the buildings were erected, and who are able to carry out as good a solution of this difficult adjustment of conficting desiderata as their skill permits because the entire property is under contro of a singe owner. It is difficult enough, at that, in adapting a typica fine dweing of the 18th century to 20th century uses, to keep unspoied those qualities of it which are as admirable to-day as they were when it was buit while adequately meeting certain indispensable practical requirements of to-day. But the adaptation of whole urban districts of fine quaity, dating from past centuries, to the con-
ditions of 20th century life invoves much more compex problems of a parae kind, which are beyond possibiity of successfu solution through any individualistic process of piecemea adaptations, ot by ot. Parae with the individual"s problem of incorporating modern bathrooms intoamp;gt; a singe 18th century house is the community problem of providing adequately for the indispensable circuation and parking of mutitudinous automobies in an extensive urban district the characteristic charm of which is bound up with, and largey dependent on, the narrowness, smaness of scae, and, reated esthetic qualities of streets and alleys which antedate even the "horse-and- buggy era". The combined esthetic and functiona problem is inherenty no less difficult to sove we, and the obstaces to successfu solution are enormousy increased by partition of responsibiities and powers of contro among diverse ot owners and the municipal authorities in contro of streets. with this division, the Line of least resistance as vehicuar congestion grows intoerable is apt to ie in the direction of spasmodic and often i-considered street widenings. It is horrid to think of the irreparable esthetic loss es to Charleston that could result from the ramming through of a few such street widenings. To find a less destructive means of reief that will really meet the need will require patient and skifu study and co-operative action. It may prove that the most generaly appicable solution of this particuar problem is to use the old narrow streets, without substantial physical change or alteration of their ancient charm, up to somewhere near their maximum potential capacity for moving traffic, by means of suitable traffic reguation and by providing off-street parking spaces for standing vehicles in ocaities where such spaces can be provided at the least cost in money and in esthetic values-perhaps even with some gains in esthetic values, since these new open-spaces waed and bordered by trees, could recreate something in general effect not unike some of the old gardens that have been destroyed. Be that as it may, the major point remains cear: if extensive old districts of great inherent charm are to be successfuy adapted to a living community"s changing needs, something more is required than skifu rehabiitations of successive units on individual initiative. There is need for carefully considered community planning and community effort. The central problem of your Committee, then might be stated as a search for any promising and suitable means toward conserving and bringing to renewed fruition certain precious and highy vunerable intangible values peculiar to Charleston, chiefy through perpetuating and utiizing the old physical things and conditions on which those values now depend as functioning integra parts of a ive and ever-changing contemporary community with its face to the future. Various ines of inquiry suggest themseves as worth exporing in the eary stages of that search. Among these the most immediatey important, perhaps, is a sort of comprehensive stock-taking or inventory of the existing things and conditions that definitely appear to contribute in some considerable degree to the values of the question.
REPORT ON planning PROCEDURE AT Charleston, SOUTH Carolina By GEORGE W. SIMONS, JR. Member of American Society of Civi Engineers, municipal and planning Engineers, Jacksonville, Forida THE CIVIC SERVICES COMMITTEE -of the- Carolina ART Association DECEMBER, 1943 FROM THE STANDPOINT OF COMPREHENSIVE, OVER-A planning Charleston POSES A UNIQUE PROBEM. IT IS THAT OF A historical SHRINE HAVING TO CONFORM TO THE DEMANDS OF A NEW industrial AND commercial ERA YET MAINTAIN AND PROTECT THE RICHNESS AND CHARM THAT THE PAST HAS BESTOWED UPON THE CITY. It is the two-fod problem of strliving on the one hand to reap the benefits of growth and on the other, to maintain its priceess heritage and distinctive personaity. To better evauate the compexity and diffuseness of the planning problems to be deat with in the Charleston area, it would not be amiss to briefy review the trends responsibe for present conditions. Such a review would not only revea the kind, and extent of problems but also the organizations most cosey identified with them. THE peculiar GEOGRAPHICA CONFIGURATION AND OCATION, THE RESTRICTED POITICA BOUNDARIES AND THE BASIC AND SUBDIVISION PATTERNS OF Charleston HAVE BEEN RESPONSIBE FOR MOST OF THE INTENSIVE development AND AND utilization withIN THE CORPORATE CONFINES OF THE CITY-AN Area OF only 5.85 SQUARE MIES. Because of these eary and utilization poicies and buiding practices within the city, much of the subsequent growth and practicaly a of the most recent explansion has taken place in those areas adjacent and contiguous to the city, areas that poiticay are a part of the county but which for a intents and purposes are definitely and functionay an integra part of the city and fall within its sphere of infuence. Much of the city"s industrial growth, the reservations of the United States Navy and Army and most of the recent housing, private and Public, ie in the outer fringe areas north of the city and across the rivers. The development and growth of the Charleston metropolitan area, especiay that within the fringe, in the past thirteen years is relatively refected in the population changes that have taken place during that time. In 1930 the City of Charleston had a population of 62,265. In the period 1930-1940, this population increased to 71,275, an increase of only about 9,000. In this same period however, the areas outside of but contiguous to the city experienced a population increase of about 32,000-neary four 7
times that within the city. This was virtuay a pre-war growth. From Apri, 1940, to March, 1943, the whole area [inside and outside the city] experienced an Additional growth of some 27,000. So today the Charleston metropolitan area, and particuary Charleston, is accomodating and strliving to service, excusive of the miitary, about 70,000 to 80,000 more people than it did in 1930. And, what is more important to realize is that the major part of this has been an uncontroed growth outside the corporate boundaries of the city-a growth in the fringe areas. THE problem IS A regional ONE AS THIS development IN THE FRINGE AreaS, INTENSIFIED AND ACCEERATED BY WAR ACTIVITIES, HAS BURDENED AND COMPICATED THE ADMINISTRATIVE, social AND ECONOMIC STRUCTURES OF THE CITY AND COUNTY with NEW problems, BUT MORE PARTICUARY OF THE CITY BECAUSE IT IS THE central TRADING AND ASSEMBY FOCUS OF THE Area. The scope and compexion of the many problems that have already been encountered as we as of those that must be anticipated, are no onger the common concern of the city or county governments; they are the concern of a agencies and organizations living, functioning and serving in the area regardless of the level of government on which they function. In other words, the planning to be done must be deineated on a regional basis regardless of poitica boundaries or infuences. problems ofLocalor city importance will continue to arise but their solution will be dependent largey upon the solution of kindred problems in the region because as development continues it will extend increasingly in, to the surrounding fringe. SOME MAY SAY THAT A THE INTENSIVE development AND GROWTH will STOP with THE CESSATION OF HOSTIITIES AND Charleston will APSE INTO A STATUS OF PRE-WAR NORMACY AND TO MEET THE NEEDS OF SUCH A STATUS will REQUIRE NO planning. THAT HOWEVER IS NOT THE SITUATION TO plan ON. It is of interest to note that the Bureau of the Census in Washington in a study to show which cities are most ikey to retain war-swoen population states that Charleston is one of those cities which grew most rapidy with superior prospects of retaining its wartime growth. Such an opinion justifies planning to maintain the position now attained. ONE OF THE QUESTIONS RIPE FOR SERIOUS THOUGHT IS HOW THE ECONOMY OF THE Area CAN BE MAINTAINED AT THE SAME HIGH level AFTER THE WAR, AS NOW. A COMPIMENTARY QUESTION ARISES, WHAT will BE THE FUTURE FUNCTION OF THE Area AND TO WHAT EXTENT will IT GROW GreaTER. In the past two years streets Wave become inadequate, bottenecks have developed, municipal services have been overoaded, utiities have been extended beyond safe capacities, new social problems invoving health, crime, deinquency and the general welfare as we as the needs for more recreationa facilities, parks, schoos, Hospital facilities, 8
sum clearance, housing and advanced Public services have been fet. Assuming that the area faied to grow or develop further, to maintain its economy on the present high eve, to retain its population growth and, to attract still more industries and people, a the above needs [social, economic, cultural, physical and poitica] should be studied and evaluated and planned programs be prepared in an ordery, rationa manner while time is still avaiable. By such planning the strictures and defects resuting from the recent explansion can be corrected and simiar experiences in the future be avoided. And in that planning for a we baanced, we rounded future, the valued assets of the old Charleston must not be subordinated toamp;gt; anything ese. THE planning APPROACH FOR THE Area should PREFERABY BE ON A BROAD SCAE. only BY SUCH planning CAN THE ORGANIC STRUCTURES OF ITS ECONOMY, ITS social NEEDS, AND ITS physical development BE UNDERSTOOD. A THE EEMENTS THAT MAKE A COMMUNITY A GOOD place TO WORK, IVE AND PAY IN, should HAVE A place IN THE planning PROGRAM. Such a-incusive planning will better stimuate and enrich the thinking and interests of the greatest number of people and go far to remove the formaity, the rigidity and codness that still characterizes too many plans. The utimate reaization of any plan is dependent on the attitude the people take toward it. Consequenty the greater the number of people brought into intimate contact with some phase of the planning operation and with the problems reated thereto and their treatment, the more reaistic and dynamic the plans. This is a llarge order but one that can be activated by a, representative group whose interests encompass the whole scope of community problems invoved, a group able to call in and utiize the avaiable resources of the area. THE regional ASPECT OF THE planning problem with ITS DIVERSIFICATION OF INTERESTS AND AUTHORITY AT DIFFERENT EVES OF GOVERNMENT MUST BE KEPT CONSTANTY IN MIND. IN SUCH AreaS THERE ARE AWAYS governmental AND NON-governmental AGENCIES OR ORGANIZATIONS FUNCTIONING IN ONE CAPACITY OR ANOTHER. In addition to theLocalgovernments of the City and County of Charleston, there are the agencies of the United States as represented by the Army and Navy, the Housing Authority, Bureau of Public Roads, etc. within the government of the City there are boards and departments ofLocal administration, each of which is vitay concerned with plans for the future development of its own particuar work. Among these are the Housing Authority, Parks and playgrounds Board, Port Utiities Commission and City planning and Zoning Commission and in the County there are the Sanitary and Drainage Commission, School Board, health Department and County planning Board.
Each of the above agencies regardless of the level on which it is serving, makes its own peculiar contribution to the life and development of the area. Each in itself is a planning group able to contribute substantially to a coordinated plan for the whole. Just as there are various governmental interests, there are likewise numerous non-governmental groups and interests functioning in the area, the ideas and plans of which must be studied and evaluated to determine their part in the broad gauged coordinated scheme. Among these non-governmental or quasi-governmental groups are The Carolina Art Associaltion, the Chamber of Commerce, the Charleston Museum, the College of Charleston, the Womans Club, the real Estate Board, the various welfare organizations and civic Clubs. Each of these organizations has ideas and proposals, or can develop such, that must be considered in the development of any comprehensive plan. From this recital revealing the regional aspects of the planning problem one can readily grasp the extent to which the varied, and deversified interests penetrate and infuence the life and growth of the area. These various interests directing their thinking and energies to the problems of welfare and economy and physical improvement can contribute much to the whole planning program, not only to the extent that the efforts of each will benefit their own respective interests but also as the respective plans of each become a; part of the integrated community effort. BEFORE PROCEEDING TO SUGGEST A PROGRAM OF Area ACTION, IT would BE ADVISable TO ENUMERATE SOME OF THE NEEDS THAT MUST BE CONSIDERED IN FORMUATING planS AND POINT OUT THE FUNCTIONA reaTIONSHIP THAT prevails BETWEEN THESE NEEDS AND THE several ORGANIZED GROUPS REFERRED TO IN THE PREVIOUS PARAGRAPHS. THESE NEEDS CAN BE ROUGHLY CLASSIFIED AS followS: ECONOMIC, CULTURAL, social, PHYSICAL, LEGISLATIVE OR POLITICAL, FINANCIAL, AESTHETIC. THERE MAY BE OTHER NEEDS BUT FOR PURPOSES OF DISCUSSION THESE ARE THE principal ONES. Economic Needs-these reate primarily to those activities in the area, that enable its people to make a living. In the development of plans affecting the economy of the area, the following organizations would be most intimately concerned: Chamber of Commerce, Charleston industrial Bureau, Department of Commerce, real Estate Board, Port Utiities and Port development Boards, the Utiity complanies [railroads, transit and power], Civic service Clubs, etc. social Needs-these needs relate primarily to the general wefare, the protection of life, health and, property, parks and playgrounds, housing, sum clearance, neighborhood development, etc. Atho many groups are concerned with certain aspects of the social problems, the following are probably the more predominant: Housing Authority, Parks and Recreation Boards, Police and Fire Departments, health and welfare Boards, Hospitalls, Parent
Teachers Associaltions, planning and Zoning Commission and County planning Board. The various civic service Clubs, Woman"s Club and reigious groups are also interested in different phases of the many social problems encountered in the life and growth of a city or region. cultural Needs-Every organization regardless of its primary objective should be concerned with the cultural needs of the area, which reate principay to schoos, ibraries, art gaeries, museums, theatres, recreation, parks, etc. Organizations whose major objective is cultural stimuation and development are the Carolina Art Association with its allied affiiations, historical Society, Charleston College, Board of Education, Charleston Museum, ibrary Board, City and County planning Boards and the various civic service Clubs and women"s organizations. physical Needs-Streets, utiities [sewerage, water, gas, eectricity], bridges, grade crossing eimination, Public buildings [fire stations, ibraries, community centers], drainage facilities, etc., are some of the physical needs that enter into the future planning of the area. These needs usually fall within the purview of the governing bodies operative in the respective "areas but these bodies are guided in their ordery thinking by the views of a dynamic citizenry. physical needs usually constitute the ist of probable projects for post war consideration. The City planning and Zoning Commission, the County planning Board, the engineering departments of the city and county, Water Department, Housing Authority, Port Utiities and development Boards, Parks and Recreation Boards, are a vitay interested in and can contribute to the ist of physical needs. egisative Needs-As the work of investigation and study progresses "and the segments of the plan are adjusted and correated, the need for certain egisative authorizations or procedures become apparent. The compiation and sponsorship of such egisative matters will concern the city, the county and possiby the state consequenty the motivating groups for such considerations are the Bar Associaltion, County Deegation, Board of County Commissioners and City Council and Mayor, Chamber of Commerce, etc. Financia Needs-to utimatey impement the plan to reaity requires money which must be derived primarily from taxation. It may also include Federal grants or oans. The rate at which the plan can be reaized, the extent of what can be done in any one year-depends on the amount of money that can be made avaiable and that depends on the bonding capacity of the area. A property owners are interested in taxation and frequently express themseves thru Taxpayers eagues, Chamber of Commerce committees, and thru bankers. However the City officias and County officias are the principal sources of information as to current financia position and expectancy. The Housing Authority and Port Utiities and Port development Boards are also interested agenices of the government. Aesthetic Needs-these needs reate to those undertakings and features that contribute to the beauty and attractiveness of the area, that stimuate 11
and intensify its spirit. Among them are plans for street ceaniness, refuse collection and disposa, street trees and shrubs, street signs and furniture, architecture, historical monument preservation, bi board contro, roadside improvements and contro. The City and, County Governments are interested in these matters, also the various women"s organizations, Art Associaltion, civic service Clubs, Chamber of Commerce, etc. This brief outine shows how varied and diversified the needs of the community are, also indicates the number and type of agencies and organizations invoved. Organizations and groups other than those mentioned may also be interested and be brought into- certain specified studies. The Police Deparement for instance can make Traffic flow and Contro studies and the Localchapter of the associated general Contractors and theLocalarchitects can be hepfu in reviewing and revamping the various buiding, pumbing, eectrica codes of the area. AN ENDEAVOR HAS BEEN MADE TO PICTURE THE MAGNITUDE, COMPEXITY AND NATURE OF AN OVERA Area planning PROGRAM. IT IS ONE THAT should INSPIRE TO ACTION MANY people AND MANY GROUPS, governmental AND NON-GOVERNMETA; ONE IN WHICH MANY people AND MANY GROUPS should PARTICIPATE. By enisting the avaiable machinery and utiizing the thinking and initiative of the interests invoved, a practical, ordery and dynamic plan can be evoved and a ist of improvements prepared according to priority of necessity and within the ability of the area to finance. The working program should be divided into three principal phases:  Surveyor Inventory;  analysis or Diagnosis;  Programming. After the tentative program has been prepared a general meeting of a the committees could be held to discuss progress and to further stimuate interest. The Charleston situation is a real chaenge to the best thinking of its people. There prevails an opportunity to do a constructive job of comprehensive planning providing the procedure is propery defined and guided to concusion. By pursuing such a course the Charleston area should experience a wholesome we baanced growth in the future pursuant to a we defined plan. 12
- Folder 02: CSC Work & Objectives
- 1944, 1945
- Background materials related to the Civic Service Committee's preservation and urban planning efforts in Charleston.
- Civic Services Committee Papers
- Contributing Institution:
- Margaretta Childs Archives at Historic Charleston Foundation
- Media Type:
- Personal or Corporate Subject:
- Civic Services Committee, Civic Services Committee--Records and correspondence, Civic Services Committee--Membership, Carolina Art Association, Civic Services Committee--Finance
- Topical Subject:
- City planning--United States, City Planning--South Carolina--Charleston, Automobile parking--South Carolina--Charleston, Historic preservation--South Carolina--Charleston
- Folder 02: CSC History, Objectives, Background Materials
- Shelving Locator:
- HCF 001
- S.C. County:
- Charleston County (S.C.)
- Material Type:
- Digitization Specifications:
- 300 ppi, 24-bit depth, color, Epson Expression 10000XL, Archival Masters are tiffs.
- Copyright Status Statement:
- Digital image copyright 2009, Historic Charleston Foundation. All rights reserved. For more information contact Margaretta Childs Archives at HCF, PO Box 1120, Charleston, SC 29402.