Black-and-white woodcut map of the twelve tribes of Israel. From Psalm 80: 9-12 : "Thou didst pluck up a vine out of Egypt; Thou didst drive out the nations, and didst plant it. Thou didst clear a place before it, and it took deep root, and filled the land. The mountains were covered with the shadow of it, and the mighty cedars with the boughs thereof. She sent out her branches unto the sea and her shoots unto the River." Frontispiece to Onomasticum Veteris Testamenti, sive, Tractatus philologicus quo nomina V.T. propria ad appellativorum analogiam reducta ex originibus et formis suis explicantur, cum aliarum gentium nominibus conferuntur, impositionis ratio, quantum fieri potuit, ubique ostenditur, atque adeo linguae originali noua lux affunditur by Johann Simonis, published Halae Magdeburgicae : Impensis Orphanotrophei.
Color lithographic maps showing the dispersal of the descendants of Noah after the flood, and the twelve tribes of Israel, with additional biblical maps. From Cram's universal atlas : geographical, astronomical and historical by George F. Cram, published Chicago: George F. Cram.
Hand-colored engraving depicting the standards of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, along with the Tabernacle, above right. Illustration of Numbers 2:2 : "The children of Israel shall pitch by their fathers' houses; every man with his own standard, according to the ensigns; a good way off shall they pitch round about the tent of meeting." Below, a Torah scroll and its ornaments. Engraving by Castelli. From Le Costume ancien et moderne, ou, Histoire du gouvernement, de la milice, de la religion, des arts, sciences et usages de tous les peuples anciens et modernes, Asia, Volume 3, by Giulio Ferrario, published Milan: De l'imprimerie de l'editeur, 1815-1829.