Black-and-white engraving depicting reading from a Torah scroll, above, and a Jewish circumcision, below. The Hebrew text on the Torah scroll reads : "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth" (Genesis 1:1). Frontispiece from Johannis BuxtorfI patris, Synagoga Judaica : de judaeorum fide, ritibus, ceremoniis, tam publicis & sacris, quàm privatis, in domestica vivendi ratione by Johannes Buxtorf, published Basileae: Sumptibus authoris, apud Johan. Jacobum Deckerum.
Black-and-white engraving depicting Simchat Torah in the synagogue. Engraving by John McRae. From the article "The Joy of the Law" by Mordecai Manuel Noah, published in the The Odd-Fellows’ Offering, for 1851.
Black-and-white engraving depicting Yom Kippur in the Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam. Engraving by Abraham Jacobsz. Hulk after a drawing by Abraham Pietersz. Hulk. From Oude en tegenwoordige staat en geschiedenis van alle godsdiensten, Volume 1, by William Hurd, published Amsterdam: M. de Bruyn, 1781-1791.
Hand-colored engraving depicting Yom Kippur in the Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam. Engraving by Abraham Jacobsz. Hulk after a drawing by Abraham Pietersz. Hulk. From Oude en tegenwoordige staat en geschiedenis van alle godsdiensten, Volume 1, by William Hurd, published Amsterdam: M. de Bruyn, 1781-1791.
Black-and-white engraving depicting the Sabbath at home and in the synagogue. Engraving by Johann Georg Puschner. From Jüdisches Ceremoniel, first published by Paul Christian Kirchner in 1717, edited and reissued by the Christian Hebraist Sebastian Jugendres in 1724, published Nuremberg: Peter Conrad Monath.
Black-and-white engraving depicting lifting the Torah at the Portuguese Synagogue in the Hague. Engraving after Bernard Picart. From A new and univeral history of the religious rites and ceremonies of all nations in the world by William Hurd, published London: A. Hogg.
Black-and-white engraving depicting reading from the Torah in the synagogue. From Vervolg op Flavius Josephus; of Algemene historie der joodsche naatsie, behelzende ene uitvoerige beschryving…, Volume 2, by Jacques Basnage, published Amsterdam: Gerard onder de Linden.
Black-and-white engraving depicting Jewish ritual objects, including tefillin (phylacteries), mezuzah, shofar, kiddush cup, tefillin, and Torah scroll. From Philologus hebræo-mixtus by Johannes Leusden, published Basileæ, apud E. & J.R. Thurnisios, fratres.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting the procession of the Torah scrolls during the dedication of the synagogue in Versailles. Published in the October 23, 1886, edition of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction with scenes from the inauguration of the synagogue in Lechenich on September 10, 1886. From an original drawing by Jean Bungartz. Published in Die Illustrirte Welt.
Rosh Hashanah postcard with a Torah scroll in the center. Text on the scroll reads : "And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a holy convocation: you shall do no manner of servile work; it is a day of blowing the horn unto you."
Black-and-white offset print reproductions of the exterior of the synagogue in Verdun, as well as a scene from the synagogue's inauguration. Published in the March 20, 1875, edition of Le Monde illustré.