A black and white photograph of members of the Agricultural Society of South Carolina posing together at the United States Sea Island Cotton Experimental Farm. A list of all pictured is available on the back of the photograph.
A black and white photograph of S.E. Welch, then president of the Agricultural Society of South Carolina, and D.M. Simpson, then Manager of the United States Sea Island Cotton Experimental Farm standing in a large field.
A black and white photograph of Agricultural Society of South Carolina members mounted on a brown piece of paper with a caption in white handwriting. It reads, 'Field meeting at U.S. Cotton Field Station. Sea Island Cotton Experiments.'
1850-1859, 1870-1879, 1860-1869, 1840-1849, 1830-1839, and 1820-1829
This is the plantation register by Mathurin Guerin Gibbs (1788-1849) for Rice Hope Plantation (January 1, 1824 to December 1844) and Jericho Plantation (December 1844 to 1875). Gibbs, a lawyer before becoming a planter, used the first several pages of the manuscript dating January 1824 to May 1829 for summarizing legal cases. The plantation register primarily documents daily labor activities on the plantation including cultivation and harvesting of staple crops such as corn, cotton (Sea Island Cotton and Santee black seed cotton), rice and potatoes, livestock, and building fences. Gibbes also writes about the use and management of slave labor, the movement of enslaved people between the plantation and Charleston, and selling and purchasing of enslaved people. Slave names are included in portions of the register. Gibbs notes throughout the register the struggles he encounters as a planter including being unable to pay the mortgage of Rice Hope Plantation and the property going into foreclosure. Most of the entries at the end of the register are regarding slave births, slave deaths and distribution of blankets. Gibbs died in 1849 and the management of the plantation was carried out by his son.
Plowden Weston's Plantation Journal is part of the Weston family papers collection. Plowden Weston came to the colony of South Carolina from Warwickshire, England in 1757, and he bought Laurel Hill Plantation and adjoining lands in 1775. This journal contains lists of items shipped to Waccamaw Plantations (Wandow, Laurel Hill, Holly Hill, Waccamaw) and accounts of crops (rice, cotton) transported and sold in various Lowcountry area wharves, 1802-1820. Items shipped to plantations include tools, textiles, seeds, sundries, medicines, etc. Journal includes other ephemera such as correspondences, bank deposits, financial accounts, formulas, instructions. Items distributed to enslaved people often appear with lists of their names.
3 1/2" X 7" stereograph image with caption on reverse: 'No.85. Interior view of ginning mills ginning sea island cotton, on Alex. Knox's Plantations, Mt. Pleasant, near Charleston, S.C.' Handwritten on reverse: 'The old man up by the window. OJS. Mch 26, 1875.' Pictured are two African-American men standing behind machinery with wheel cranks, out of which light colored fibers are flowing.