Hand-colored engraving of Jewish woman from Poland. From L'Autriche, ou Costumes, moeurs et usages des Autrichiens by Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès. The publication depicts the dress of people throughout areas ruled by the House of Austria (House of Habsburg).
Black-and-white photograph of a Jewish man from North Africa. The caption on the back of the photograph reads: "There are many Orthodox Jews in North Africa, descendants of ancestors who have probably lived there since Emperor Hadrian banished the Jews from Rome."
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting Jewish men in the National Guard during the November Uprising (1830-1831). From Di Iden in Rusland un Poylen by Israel Friedlaender. Originally printed in Les Israélites de Pologne by Léon Hollaenderski.