Sullivan's Island Branch Library. Caption on back: "Some of the 13 'graduates' and their friends at the closing exercises of the County library's summer reading game at the Sullivan's Island branch library, Charleston, S.C. Aug. 27, '57. Charleston County Library."
A copy of legislation (H.R. 6127) introduced by Representative Emanuel Celler, known as the Civil Rights Act of 1957, to provide means of further securing and protecting the civil rights of persons within the jurisdiction of the United States.
A transcript of a four-page speech given by Representative August E. Johansen before the House of Representatives concerning his opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1957. Johansen argues that there is an over reliance on the federal government to solve civil rights problems and a real fear that the zeal for improving civil rights issues will get out of hand.
A letter from a Florida resident to Representative Syd Herlong, Jr. expressing his vehement opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1957. Copies of the letter were sent to many other congressmen and senators including Representative L. Mendel Rivers.
A six-page letter from members of Congress opposed to the civil rights bill. The congressmen specifically cite extraordinary powers given to the attorney general, the removal of the right of trial by jury in contempt cases, and the superseding of state courts by federal courts for civil rights cases. Representative Rivers is a signatory of the letter.
A four-page letter from a South Carolina constituent praising Rivers for his support for an amendment to Right-to-Work legislation. The constituent describes in detail his difficulty finding employment.
A postcard from a South Carolina constituent condemning Representative Rivers' stand against the civil rights bill. The constituent reminds Rivers that he will remember him when he runs for reelection.
Village Branch Library, 430 Whilden Street, Mt. Pleasant. Caption on back: "Some of the 22 who completed the reading game at the Mt. Pleasant branch library shown at closing exercises Aug. 27, '57. Charleston S.C. County Library. Mt. Pleasant."
Correspondence from Lucia Brown, Chairman for the Teen-Age Program Committee, and M. M. Wainwright, Chairman of the Employed Personnel Committee, to Edith S. Murray, Teen-Age Program Director, regarding Coming Street Y.W.C.A. matters.
A release from the United States Department of Justice making public the text of identical letters written to Senators Thomas H. Kuchel and Clifford P. Case and Representative Kenneth B. Keating by Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr., in response to their request for his comments on the proposed "jury trial" amendment to the civil rights legislation pending in Congress. Included is the text of the letter.
A letter from a Tennessee constituent to Representative Emanuel Celler praising Representative Rivers and condemning Celler's stand on public school integration. The constituent especially emphasizes the influence of Celler's religion as a Jew. This copy of the letter was sent to L. Mendel Rivers with a handwritten note of support for Rivers.
A letter from a New York City resident condemning South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond for his use of the filibuster to oppose the civil rights bill. Representative L. Mendel Rivers also received a copy of the letter.
A release containing a statement made by President G. E. Leighty of the Order of Railroad Telegraphers concerning pending civil rights legislation. The president stated that he was in favor of the civil rights bill.
A letter from the Governor of South Carolina containing copies of telegrams from the Governor to the Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee and the Speaker of the House requesting that a representative from South Carolina be given a chance to be heard concerning civil rights legislation pending before the House Judiciary Committee.
Correspondence concerning an article entitled "The South Carolina Struggle for Equality," sent by Florida Representative Herlong to Representative Rivers. Rivers contacted the editor of the Charleston News and Courier and received his views on the article. The editor saw it as propaganda from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and felt that hostility between blacks and whites was not representative of normal relations between the two groups.
A letter from a South Carolina native, living in Michigan, to the Democratic Leader of the Senate, Lyndon B. Johnson, concerning the privilege of filibustering in the Senate on the matter of civil rights for black people and fears concerning overspending by the United States government. Copies of the letter were sent to a number of southern Senators and Representatives including L. Mendel Rivers.
A letter from a South Carolina constituent voicing his strong opposition to the proposed civil rights bill. The constituent declared that Senator Lyndon B. Johnson and Representative Sam Rayburn were no friends of the South.
A letter from a South Carolina constituent thanking Representative Rivers for his stand against civil rights legislation and voicing the opinion that there is a need to reduce the Government budget, especially concerning foreign policy spending.
A three-page letter from a South Carolina constituent protesting civil rights legislation and the power of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The constituent especially believes that the NAACP and left-wing organizations are all tied in with the Communists.
Correspondence concerning a letter from Representative L. Mendel Rivers expressing appreciation for Senator O'Mahoney's fairness despite favoring civil rights legislation. Rivers wrote the Senator in response to an editorial from the Charleston News and Courier titled "Senator O'Mahoney Understands Threat to Liberty in 'Civil Rights' Bill." The article is not present.
A letter from a South Carolina constituent greatly troubled by the passage of civil rights legislation in the House and especially concerned about the recent rulings of the United States Supreme Court.
Correspondence between a Charleston constituent and Representative Rivers concerning a Right-to-Work amendment supported by Rivers. The constituent is strongly opposed to Right-to-Work legislation and compared Rivers' support for this legislation with support for civil rights legislation to combat segregation.