Letter from John Lynch to Louisa (?) concerning family news. John writes that he is tired of hearing so little news about the war and he hopes "to see the war ended without a general battle." He also wonders what congress in Washington is doing and expresses hope that they "act with a spirit of wisdom and justice, different from that of Lincoln and his advisers." July 16, 1861. 4p.
Letter from Madame Baptiste to Bishop Patrick Lynch with news from the Ursuline Convent and Academy. Madame Baptiste writes that several parents have sent remittances for the school year but she fears "few will be able to return if the war continues." July 6, 1861. 4p.
Second letter from John Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch on this date. John describes a flag the Ursulines have made for the Emmett Guards writing, "it is the common infantry size, on one side blue, with Palmetto tree, with an Irish Harpleaning against the trunk..." He has heard the guard may be disbanding and, if so, asks the Bishop to offer it for sale to "some of your Irish Companies." He informs the Bishop that the telegraph is working again and they are being deluged with news about the attack on Fort Sumter. April 12, 1861. 3p.
Letter from John Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch concerning preparations being made on one of the Bishop's properties. John writes that "your negroes have not yet arrived" and fears the lack of field hands and a shortage of corn may impact the season's crop. May 24, 1861. 2p.
Black-and-white lithograph of the exteriors of the Portuguese Synagogue, New Synagogue, and Great Synagogue in Amsterdam. Lithograph by P. Blommers after a drawing by Willem Hekking, Jr. From Amsterdam in schetsen by Pieter Harmen Witkamp, published Amsterdam: G. W. Tielkemeijer.
Hand-colored lithograph of the exteriors of the Portuguese Synagogue, New Synagogue, and Great Synagogue in Amsterdam. Lithograph by P. Blommers after a drawing by Willem Hekking, Jr. From Amsterdam in schetsen by Pieter Harmen Witkamp, published Amsterdam: G. W. Tielkemeijer.
Letter from Francis Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch responding to his inquiry of boarding room in Cheraw for those wishing to flee Charleston. He also touches on his shoe business, mentioning paying patent rights on a tanning process, the use of fennel, salt peter and salt in the tanning process and the delivery of 1000 pairs of shoes to the Confederacy. November 16, 1861. 4p.
Letter from Madame Baptiste to Bishop Patrick Lynch with news from the Ursuline Convent and a proposition to house the Sisters of Mercy from Charleston if they should come to Columbia to nurse the sick soldiers hospitalized there. October 17, 1861. 4p.
Letter from John Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch concerning news from the Bishop's plantation and his medical practice. John writes about the ongoing construction at the plantation and of a runaway slave, Emmett, who was briefly jailed but escaped. John told the overseer's son that "if Emmett should come around the plantation to tell him to come in and go to work as I did not blame him for trying to escape from prison." He also confides in the Bishop that his medical practice is on the verge of blossoming "if bigotry does not override everything." November 13, 1861. 2p.
John Lynch writes to Bishop Patrick Lynch about the deteriorating condition of a house on one of the Bishop's plantations and that it is too dangerous for the overseer, Mr. Buff, to continue to live there. August 16, 1861. 2p.
Copy of letter sent from Bishop Patrick Lynch to Francis Lynch. Bishop Lynch writes to Francis concerning a number of Charleston residents who are inquiring about leaving the lowcountry for Cheraw over uncertainty with the war. He also tells Francis to allay their father's fears over a Union invasion of Charleston, likening the panic in the city after the recent fall of Port Royal with that "at Washington, after the battle of Manassas." November 13, 1861. 4p.
Francis Lynch writes to Bishop Patrick Lynch concerning his flourishing shoe business. Francis describes sending 1000 pair of shoes to the Confederate government in addition to those already provided to Col. L. M. Hatch. September 7, 1861. 3p.
Madame Baptiste writes to Bishop Patrick Lynch with news from the Ursuline Convent and Academy, including a lengthy description of her troubled relationship with one of the sisters at the convent. September 8, 1861. 4p.
Madame Baptiste writes to Bishop Patrick Lynch about preparations for the upcoming school year at the Ursuline Academy. She also mentions how the Sisters of Charity in Emmitsburg, Maryland, attempting to help nurse Confederates afflicted with typhoid fever in Virginia, "were refused a passage by Lincoln's men." August 27, 1861. 4p.
Letter from Madame Baptiste to Bishop Patrick Lynch about family matters and news at the Ursuline Convent and Academy. Madame Baptiste describes how the sisters are sewing banners and flags for various companies noting "is it not queer for nuns to be engaged preparing flags for war?" She also thinks that business would return to normal if "other states would hurry and come out of the Union." January 8, 1861. 2p.
Letter from John Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch describing an applicant for an overseer position at one of the Bishop's plantations. John appears to like the man and his qualifications but fears "he might not take a sufficient control over the negroes, if it became necessary to use harsh means." August 27, 1861. 2p.
Letter from Francis Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch concerning his shoe business. Francis asks the Bishop to collect payment from Colonel Hatch, Quartermaster General, and deposit it in his account in Charleston to cover another note. The Bank of South Carolina has refused Francis' offer to use Confederate bonds to cover the note. September 19, 1861. 2p.
Letter from John Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch concerning a tax collector seeking payment from the Convent. John is unsure of the Convent's tax liability and asks the Bishop for assistance. He hopes the Bishop can travel to Columbia from Charleston soon to attend to the matter but writes, "I fear from the stopping of the telegraph today that the war has commenced." April 12, 1861. 2p.
Letter from James B. Heyward to an unknown recipient carried by one of his overseers, C. R. Hains, who is reporting for duty. In his letter, James protests the conscription of plantation overseers into the Confederate army claiming they "have large numbers of negroes under their charge" and that "in his absence the timid become panic struck and the bold mischievous." He also argues that the overseers "by means of espionage know every thing that is going on" and that well run plantations can better provide supplies to the war cause. 4p. November 12, 1861.
Letter from Madame Baptiste to Bishop Patrick Lynch about news from the Ursuline Convent and Academy. Madame Baptiste writes about new boarders and students and a conversation she had with a young lady who wished to convert to Catholicism who, she later found out, was rumored to be "disreputable." November 17, 1861. 4p.
Madame Baptiste writes to Bishop Patrick Lynch with news from the Ursuline Convent and Academy. She writes at length about a troubled sister that she does not want in the Convent, suggesting instead that they pay her board at the local asylum. October 25, 1861. 4p.
Letter from Madame Baptiste to Bishop Patrick Lynch with news from the Ursuline Convent and a suggestion that the Bishop preach one Sunday in Columbia while all "the best heads of the state" are in session. December 29, 1861. 5p.
Henrietta Lynch writes to brother-in-law, Bishop Patrick Lynch, with news about measles spreading among the family in Cheraw. She also mentions an early blockade of Charleston which the Bishop holds "little hope of being broken." January 29, 1861. 2p.
Letter from Francis Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch concerning a series of financial transactions he needs assistance with. In one instance he hopes to secure a shipment of leather before the 15th "when duties will be levied on imports." March 9, 1861. 2p.
Black-and-white steel engraving of the interior of the Istanbuli Synagogue in Jerusalem. Engraving by James C. Redaway after a drawing by J. Salmon. From Syria, the Holy Land, Asia Minor, &c. Illustrated, Volume 3, by John Carne. Published London : London Printing & Publishing Co.
Letter from Susan S. Keith to her daughter giving her a first hand account of the great fire that devastated Charleston in December, 1861. "The City is nearly destroyed," she writes, "such a scene of desolation and destruction I never beheld." 4p. December 14, 1861.
A letter from Frederick Grimke to Anna R. Frost focusing on war news and politics, the usurping of power by the Federal government, postal relations between the Confederacy and the USA, and France and Great Britain's failure to formally recognize the Southern Confederacy.
A letter from Frederick Grimke to Anna R. Frost, giving a description of Walterboro, South Carolina circa 1815, and mentioning his meeting decades earlier with Richard Anderson, father of the commander of Robert Anderson of Ft. Sumter, who had served in the Revolutionary War in Charleston and had been imprisoned with Grimke's father, John F. Grimke.
A letter from Frederick Grimke to Anna R. Frost describing his trip to and arrival in Philadelphia. Grimke discusses a recent election and the ways in which local newspapers have reported on the political situation.
Letter from Edward Barnwell to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell, discussing the nomination of his brother, William Finley Barnwell, as 3rd Lieutenant in the "1st Company of Infantry" and detailing the politics surrounding his appointment. William, Barnwell writes, has been ordered to Fort Johnson to take charge of new recruits. January 25, 1861.
Undated letter, ca. 1861, from Edward Barnwell to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell. Barnwell mentions his distaste for "soldiering" and asks his mother to send "Moses" back to him writing, "he has had holiday enough." ca. 1861.
Edward Barnwell writes to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell, believing the assault on Fort Sumter is imminent. Barnwell thinks his brother, William, will see little action from his post on Fort Johnson. 1861.
Anna Lynch writes to Bishop Patrick Lynch with updates on the condition of their sister, Julia. Their mother, visiting Walterboro to help care for Julia, "no longer entertains any hope of her recovery." February 14, 1861. 2p.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction of the interior of the Alte Synagoge (Old Synagogue) in Stuttgart. Published in Die Illustrirte Welt : Blätter aus Natur und Leben, Wissenschaft und Kunst, Volume 9.
Samuel Wragg Ferguson, aide-de-camp to General P.G.T. Beauregard, writes to his godmother from Fairfax Court House, Virginia, September 13th, 1861. Ferguson details a recent skirmish in Lewinsville pitting Union troops against Confederate Col. J.E.B. Stuart's men in which "we got seven killed, wounded and prisoners and know that they carried off many of their dead...fact is they wont stay to be killed." He writes of the secret construction of a battery along the Potomac that "will entirely stop the navigation of the river" and warns his godmother not to let "any communicative person hear any thing of this." On the envelope is written "there is a secret in this." 5p.
Letter from John Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch concerning plans associated with one of the Bishop's properties, writing "I did not know whether you still intended sending the negroes over." He also writes of recent news of an accidental cannon discharge fired from "Cummins" Point that struck Fort Sumter stating, "Such carelessness or tricks might lead to serious results although it may show with what accuracy the guns can be worked." March 9, 1861. 1p.
Letter from Francis Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch about business and the Bishop's travel plans. Francis tells the Bishop that his "debts North do not reach $800 so I will not be any great deal inconvenienced by the Sequestration Act." He also hopes the Bishop decides against travelling to Baltimore, fearing that after the publication of the Bishop's letter to the Archbishop, "no plea would serve you in the land of Lincoln." September 21, 1861. 2p.
Letter from Robert Woodward Barnwell to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell, describing his work visiting camps and hospitals and procuring supplies for wounded and sick South Carolina soldiers in Virginia. The letter contains pages written by his wife, Mary, describing a trip to Munson Hill in Northern Virginia that Barnwell had taken with Generals Beauregard and Johnston. According to Mary, Barnwell could see Union soldiers atop the U.S. Capitol Building and, while there, witnessed a skirmish among picket lines. September 7, 1861.
This letter from Capt. Thomas West Daggett (1828-1893) to South Carolina Gov. Francis Wilkinson Pickens (1805-1869) was written from All Saints Parish, South Carolina, on June 1, 1861. Daggett was captain of the Waccamaw Light Artillery and in charge of the coastal defenses from Winyah Bay in Georgetown Co., South Carolina, to Little River Inlet in Horry Co., South Carolina. In the letter he resigns as captain of that unit and states his reasons for doing so.
Letter from Francis Lynch to Bishop Patrick Lynch describing the state of his shoe business and his attempt to talk his 16-year old son(?), Conlaw, from volunteering for the Confederacy. November 25, 1861. 1p.
William Finley Barnwell writes to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell, from his station on Sullivan's Island. Barnwell writes about the need of supplies, cloth, needles, etc., his plans for using his pay and the daily anticipation of a fight with the federal troops. April 4, 1861.
William Finley Barnwell, recently stationed at Fort Johnson, SC, writes to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell, asking for clothing and other supplies. According to Barnwell, his pay as lieutenant is "over a thousand dollars including servant & food" though few supplies have been sent to the fort. January 28, 1861.
This letter from Colonel Edward Manigault (1817-1874) to South Carolina Governor Francis Wilkinson Pickens (1805-1869) was written in Charleston, South Carolina, on October 5, 1861. Col. Edward Manigault was the Chief of Ordnance for South Carolina in 1861. The letter is in reference to the transferring of funds to cover the cost of the "establishment of a Coast Police for the State of South Carolina." Page 3 is a handwritten enclosed form dated October 7, 1861, for the Gov. to sign and send with a draft to Gen. DeSaussure.
Letter from Robert Woodward Barnwell to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell, updating her on the growth of his two young sons, Singleton and Robert. Barnwell also refers to "Carolina's backwardness" in its attack of Fort Sumter and believes the action ruins any hope "of redeeming our pledge of independence." 1861.
Letter from George M. Coffin, Charleston, SC, to Robert Woodward Barnwell, Charlottesville, VA, on a variety of war time topics. Coffin mentions Barnwell's letter concerning the "Legion" that appears in the Charleston Courier, acknowledges his relief efforts in Virginia and asks Barnwell to forward aid packages to his friend, Dr. Samuel Logan, who is suffering from typhoid fever in western Virginia. September 26, 1861.
Robert Woodward Barnwell writes to mother, Catherine Osborn Barnwell, of his plans to spend his summer vacation in spiritual work with the Confederate Army, specifically at hospitals near Manassas, VA, where he hopes to bring along a "Corps of Lady nurses." June 28, 1861.
A color photograph captioned 'Two days after the bombardment of Sumter, April 16, 1861.' In the photo Wade Hampton and other figures look at the damage. Below the photo is another photograph showing Fort Sumter before the bombardment.
Caption: 'Colonel William Wilson and his staff (Wilson's Fighting Brigade)--[see page 311].' Identified in image: Quartermaster Bradley, Lieutenant Colonel Creighton, Adjutant James J. Hearey, Paymaster Peter Duffy, Col. William Wilson, Surgeon D.C. Pease and Major William Newby. [full date May 18, 1861.]
Caption: 'Morris Island, as seen from Fort Sumter.--[drawn by an Officer of Major Anderson's Command.]' Also identified with captions: 'Battery from which the "Star of the West" was fired upon. Cumming's Point. Sand Battery, connected by covered gallery with...iron-clad battery.' [full date March 2, 1861.]
Caption: 'The Richland Rifles enjoying the "after-dinner hour," at their quarters on Sullivan's Island, Charleston Harbor, S.C. From a sketch taken on the spot by our Special Artist now in Charleston.' [full date March 2, 1861.]
This letter, dated October 13, 1861, was written by John R. Beaty from Camp Marion, located on North Island, Georgetown District, South Carolina to his young son (Edgar) in Conwayborough, South Carolina.
A scrapbook by Erastus W. Everson (1837-1897) documenting his time spent serving in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861- 1865); the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands during the American Reconstruction Period (1865-1877); as a librarian at the University of South Carolina and a newspaper editor.
This letter, dated February 22, 1861, was written by John R. Beaty from Camp Norman, located on North Island, Georgetown District, South Carolina to his wife (Melvina) in Conwayborough, South Carolina.