Black-and-white etching of the exteriors of the New Synagogue and Great Synagogue in Amsterdam. Etching by Jan de Beyer. From Amsterdam in zyne opkomst, aanwas, geschiedenissen, voorregten, koophandel, gebouwen, kerkenstaat, schoolen, schutterye, gilden en regeeringe by Jan Wagenaar.
Black-and-white etching depicting a Jewish man wearing a tallis (prayer shawl) and tefillin (phylacteries). He stands in front of the Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam. Text excerpted from Deuteronomy 6:8-9: "And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thy hand, and they shall be for frontlets between thine eyes. And thou shalt write them upon the door-posts of thy house, and upon thy gates." Etching by Jan Luyken. From Mosaize historie der Hebreeuwse kerke, Volume 3, by Willem Goeree, published Amsterdam: Willem and David Goeree.
Black-and-white lithographed portrait of Aaron the high priest. With Hebrew text excerpted from Exodus 28:4 : "And they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office." Entered according to the act of Congress in the year 1872 by Hyam Sakolski, in the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington.
Black-and-white engraving of a Aaron in the vestments of a Jewish high priest. From An historical, critical, geographical, chronological, and etymological dictionary of the Holy Bible, Volume 1, by Augustin Calmet, published London: Printed for J. J. and P. Knapton, etc.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting the Ninth of Av at the Nineteenth Street Synagogue, former location of Congregation Shearith Israel at the corner of 19th Street and 5th Avenue in New York. From the article "The Jews in New York" by Richard Wheatley, published in the January 1892 edition of The Century Magazine.
Black-and-white engraving depicting scenes from the execution by hanging of financier Joseph Süß Oppenheimer: his exit from Stuttgart under armed guard, above, and his hanging outside the city, below. Engraving by Jakob Gottlieb Thelot after Lucas Conrad Pfandzelt. Published Augsburg: Romanus Heid.
Black-and-white engraving depicting the vestments of a Pharisee. Engraving by Johann Carl Joseph Störcklin. From Biblia, das ist: die gantze Heilige Schrifft Alten und Neuen Testaments, translated by Martin Luther, published Basel: Thurneysen.
Hand-colored engraving depicting a Jewish man holding a mezuzah. Engraving by Bennardoni. From Il costume antico e moderno, o, storia del governo, della milizia, della religione, delle arti, scienze ed usanze di tutti i popoli antichi e moderni, Asia, Volume 5, by Giulio Ferrario, published Firenze: V. Batelli.
Hand-colored engraving of a Jewish man and woman from Poland. Engraving by Antonio Verico after a drawing by Francesco Pieraccini. From Storia della Polonia : fino agli ultimi tempi by Bernard Zaydler, published Firenze: V. Batelli.