Black-and-white stipple engraved portrait of naturalist and physician Marcus Elieser Bloch. From Dictionaire des sciences médicales, Volume 2, by Antoine Jacques Louis Jourdan, published Paris: C. L. F. Panckoucke.
Black-and-white engraving of the cemetery for the Jewish communites of Lengnau and Endingen. Engraving by Johann Balthasar Bullinger after Johann Rudolf Holzhalb. From Sammlung jüdischer Geschichten, welche sich mit diesem Volk in dem XIII. und folgenden Jahrhunderten bis auf MDCCLX. in der Schweiss von Zeit zugetragen by Johann Caspar Ulrich.
Color lithograph of the interior of David's Tomb on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. Lithograph by L. N. Rosenthal after a sketch by James Turner Barclay. From The city of the Great King; or, Jerusalem as it was, as it is, and as it is to be by James Turner Barclay, published Philadelphia: Challen.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction of the Tombs of the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. From A dictionary of the Bible : comprising its antiquities, biography, geography, natural history and literature... by William Smith, published Philadelphia: Porter and Coates.
Hand-colored engraving of the Tomb of Zechariah in the Valley of Jehoshaphat (Kidron Valley) in Jerusalem. Engraving after a drawing by Cornelis de Bruyn. From Reizen door de vermaardste deelen van Klein Asia, de eylanden Scio, Rhodus, Cyprus, Metelino, Stanchio, &c. : mitsgaders de voornaamste steden van Aegypten, Syrien en Palestina by Cornelis de Bruyn, published Delft: Hendrik van Krooneveld.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction with a portrait of financier and philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore. Published in the October 25, 1884, edition of The Daily Graphic, on the ocassion of his 100th birthday.
Black-and-white photogravure of the Western Wall in Jerusalem. Photogravure by Goupil & Cie after a painting by Jean Léon Gérôme. From Gérôme, a collection of the works of J. L. Gérôme in one hundred photogravures, Volume 2, edited by Edward Strahan, published New York: Samuel L. Hall.
Black-and-white engraving depicting lighting the Sabbath lamp. From Dictionnaire historique, critique, chronologique, geographique et litteral de la Bible, Volume 3, by Augustin Calmet, published Paris: Emery, Saugrain, & Pierre Martin.
Black-and-white steel engraved portrait of historian Josephus (born Joseph ben Matityahu). Engraving by Robert Lunn. Frontispiece to The works of Flavius Josephus, the learned and authentic Jewish historian, and celebrated warrior… translated by William Whiston, published Edinburgh: Printed at the University Press for Thomas Nelson and Peter Brown.
Black-and-white engraved portrait of historian Josephus (born Joseph ben Matityahu). Engraving by J. Rogers. Frontispiece to The works of Flavius Josephus, the learned and authentic Jewish historian and celebrated warrior… translated by William Whiston, published London: Henry Fisher, Son, and Co.
Black-and-white steel engraved portrait of historian Josephus (born Joseph ben Matityahu). From Curiosities of Great Britain : England & Wales delineated, historical, entertaining & commercial, Volume 11, by Thomas Dugdale, published London: L. Tallis.
Black-and-white engraved portrait of historian Josephus (born Joseph ben Matityahu). Frontispiece to The complete works of the learned and authentic Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus : comprising comprising the Antiquities of the Jews, a History of the Jewish wars, three dissertations concerning Jesus Christ, John the Baptist, &c. &c. and the life of Josephus, written by himself translated by William Whiston, published London & Glasgow: J. F. Tallis.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting Yom Kippur at the Park East Synagogue in New York. Original illustration by Irving R. Wiles. From the article "The Jews in New York" by Richard Wheatley, published in the January 1892 edition of The Century Magazine.
Black-and-white steel engraving of the Tombs of the Kings in Jerusalem restored. Engraving after a drawing by Louis François Cassas. From Palestine : description géographique, historique, et archéologique by Salomon Munk, published Paris: Firmin Didot frères.
Black-and-white steel engraving of the Tombs of the Kings in Jerusalem. Engraving after a drawing by Louis François Cassas. From Palestine : description géographique, historique, et archéologique by Salomon Munk, published Paris: Firmin Didot frères.
Black-and-white engraving of the Tombs of the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. After a drawing by Luigi Mayer. From A series of twenty-four views illustrative of the Holy Scriptures, published London: R. Bowyer & M. Parkes.
Color lithograph of the Tombs of the Kings in Jerusalem. After a lithograph by Louis Haghe from a drawing by David Roberts. From The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt, & Nubia, Volume 1, published London: Lithographed, printed and published by Day & Son.
Black-and-white lithograph depicting a Jewish peddler and Gabriel Riesser, member of the Frankfurt Parliament, mocking Heinrich von Gagern, who is walking past carrying bags of money on both shoulders. In German, the text reads : --1ster Jud: "Nu! Wie tragt der Mann sou schwär?" --2ter Jud: "S'nit sou arig worum er tragt jou uf bade Achsle! Bey mei lang Lebe ich hab ka Kinesinne druf!" In English, the text reads : --First Jew: "Nu! How is that man carrying something so heavy?" --Second Jew: "It's not that hard, that's why he's carrying them on both shoulders! In my whole life, I've never thought of that! Printed Frankfurt am Main: C. Knatz.
Caricature of Moritz Mohl at a lectern during the 1848 Frankfurt Parliament, as other members of parliament approach him in anger. At the Frankfurt Parliament, Mohl argued against legal equality for Jews; he was constantly interrupted by other members of the assembly. Caricature by Alfons von Boddien. Lithograph printed Frankfurt am Main: Eduard Gustav May.
Hand-colored lithograph depicting a crowd outside of the Stock Exchange. The caption reads : "The warning sign is no better here than in the vineyard." The sign reads "Verbotener Weg" (entry forbidden).
Black-and-white steel engraving of the Tombs of the Kings in Jerusalem. From The city of the Great King; or, Jerusalem as it was, as it is, and as it is to be by James Turner Barclay, published Philadelphia: Challen.
Caricatures by Eugene Zimmerman published in Judge. The caption for "She knew him by his nose" reads : "Mr. Geldfish (who has been forced to cut his mask to make room for his nose): "I vonder eef mein wife vill know me in dis disguise? Der gostumer sedt I choost look like Heiney de Eight." The text for "Where he erred" reads : --Mrs. Cohen: "Vy are you licking leedle Shakey?" --Mr. Cohen: "He vas lighting matches out in der back yard." --Mrs. Cohen: But dere vas nodding out dere dot he could set on fire." --Mr. Cohen: "No, of course nod--dot's der reason of id. Vat's der use of dot foolish poy wasting matches?"
Black-and-white engraving of the Western Wall in Jerusalem. Engraving by Goupil & Cie after a painting by Jean Léon Gérôme. From The masterpieces of French art illustrated : being a biographical history of art in France, from the earliest period to and including the Salon of 1882, Volume 1, by Louis Viardot, published Philadelphia: Gebbie & Co.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting the interior of a sukkah during the celebration of Sukkot. From A sketch of the history of Judaism and Christianity in the light of modern research and criticism by George Thomas Bettany.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting the ceremony of kapparot. From The home and synagogue of the modern Jew : sketches of modern Jewish life and ceremonies, published London: Religious Tract Society.
Black-and-white engraving depicting financier Joseph Süß Oppenheimer after his execution by hanging. He holds a torch that lights his journey to the netherworld; the gallows can be seen in the background. In the right corner lays his wig, a symbol of his former status.
Black-and-white engraved portrait of Rabbi Jonathan Eybeschütz. Engraving by Jan Balzer after Johann Kleinhard. From Abbildungen böhmischer und mährischer Gelehrten und Künstler : nebst kurzen Nachrichten von ihren Leben und Werken, Volume 1, by František Martin Pelcl, published Prague: Wolffgang Gerle.
Black-and-white etching depicting a Jewish man wearing a tallis (prayer shawl) and tefillin (phylacteries). He stands in front of the Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam. Text excerpted from Deuteronomy 6:8-9: "And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thy hand, and they shall be for frontlets between thine eyes. And thou shalt write them upon the door-posts of thy house, and upon thy gates." Etching by Jan Luyken. From Mosaize historie der Hebreeuwse kerke, Volume 3, by Willem Goeree, published Amsterdam: Willem and David Goeree.
Black-and-white engraving depicting the vestments of a Pharisee. Engraving by Johann Carl Joseph Störcklin. From Biblia, das ist: die gantze Heilige Schrifft Alten und Neuen Testaments, translated by Martin Luther, published Basel: Thurneysen.
Black-and-white engraving illustrating the Pharisees as a brood of vipers, as described in Matthew 3:7. Engraving by Johann Georg Pintz. From Kupfer-Bibel, in welcher die Physica Sacra, oder geheiligte Natur-Wissenschafft derer in Heil. Schrifft vorkommenden Natürlichen Sachen by Johann Jakob Scheuchzer published Augsburg and Ulm: Christian Ulrich Wagner, 1731-1735.
Black-and-white wood engraving depicting the vestments of a Jewish high priest. From Aunt Charlotte's stories of Bible history for young disciples : designed for the 52 Sundays in the year containing, over 100 stories from the Holy Book, embracing instructive historical events from the Old and New Testaments by Charlotte M. Yonge.
Hand-colored engraving depicting a Jewish man holding a mezuzah. Engraving by Bennardoni. From Il costume antico e moderno, o, storia del governo, della milizia, della religione, delle arti, scienze ed usanze di tutti i popoli antichi e moderni, Asia, Volume 5, by Giulio Ferrario, published Firenze: V. Batelli.
Black-and-white steel engraving depicting priestly vestments. Engraving after a drawing by Vernier. From Palestine : description géographique, historique, et archéologique by Salomon Munk, published Paris: Firmin Didot frères.
Black-and-white engraving depicting scenes from the Book of Exodus. From Biblische Geschichten des Alten und Neuen Testaments / Historiae Biblicae Veteris et Novi Testamenti by Joseph Sebastian Klauber and Johann Baptist Klauber.
Sheet music for "The sorrowing Jew : a hymn written by a friend of Israel, in London," music composed by George J. Webb, and respectfully dedicated to the Ladies Jew Society of Newburyport, by their obliged servant Matthew A. Berk. Published Boston: B. W. Thayer's Lithography.
Black-and-white engravings depicting a circumcision performed by a Portuguese Jewish family in Amsterdam, above, and pidyon haben (redemption of the first-born son), below. Engraving after Bernard Picart. From Histoire générale des cérémonies, moeurs, et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde / representées en 243 figures dessinées de la main de Bernard Picard, avec des explications historiques & curieuses par M. l’abbé Banier & par M. l’abbé Mascrier, Volume 1, published Paris: Rollin fils, 1741.
Black-and-white engravings depicting a circumcision performed by a Portuguese Jewish family in Amsterdam, above, and pidyon haben (redemption of the first-born son), below. Engraving by Claude Du Bosc after Bernard Picart. From The Ceremonies and Religious Customs of the Various Nations of the Known World : together with historical annotations and several curious discourses... Written originally in French, and illustrated with a large number of folio copper plates designed by Mr. Bernard Picart, and curiously engraved by most of the best hands in Europe..., Volume 1, published London: William Jackson and Claude Dubosc, 1733-1739.
Black-and-white engravings depicting a circumcision performed by a Portuguese Jewish family in Amsterdam, above, and pidyon haben (redemption of the first-born son), below. Engraving by Bernard Picart. From Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde representées par des figures dessinées de la main de Bernard Picard: avec une explication historique, & quelques dissertations curieuses, Volume 1, published Amsterdam: J.F. Bernard, 1723-1737.
Black-and-white engraved portrait of Rabbi Jacob Judah Aryeh Leon Templo. Engraving by Conrad Buno. From De Templo Hierosolymitano, tàm priori, quod aedificavit Salomo rex, quàm posteriori, quod devastavit Vespasianus… by Jacob Judah Aryeh Leon Templo, published Helmstedt: Jacob Muller.
Black-and-white engraving depicting the piazza outside of the Roman Ghetto. The gate of the ghetto can be seen at right. Engraving by Giuseppe Vasi. From Delle Magnificenze di Roma antica e moderna, Volume 2, by Giuseppe Vasi, published Rome, 1747-1761.
Black-and-white engraved portrait of philosopher Baruch Spinoza. Engraving by Michel Odieuvre. From L'Europe illustre, contenant l'histoire abrégée des souverains, des princes, des prélats, des ministres, des grands capitaines, des magistrats, des savans, des artistes, & des dames célèbres en Europe, Volume 5, by Jean-François Dreux du Radier.
Black-and-white line engraved portrait of philosopher Baruch Spinoza. Engraving by Wenzel Pobuda. Frontispiece to Sämmtliche Werke : aus dem lateinischen mit dem Leben Spinoza's, Volume 1, by Berthold Auerbach, published Stuttgart: J. Scheible.
Hand-colored lithograph depicting a Jewish man and two Jewish women from Algiers. From Voyage dans la régence d'Alger; ou, Description du pays occupé par l'armée française en Afrique by Claude Antoine Rozet, published Paris: Arthus Bertrand.
Black-and-white engraving depicting the religious of the world. Judaism is depicted by Moses and the Ten Commandments. Engraving by Robert Pollard. Frontispiece to A new and universal history of the religious rites and ceremonies of all nations of the world by William Hurd, published London: Printed for A. Hogg.
Black-and-white engraving depicting Moses and the Ten Commandments. From The Holy Bible : with the commentaries of Scott and Henry; and containing also many thousand critical and explanatory notes, selected from the great standard authors of Europe and America; the commentaries condensed, and the whole edited, by John Eadie, published Manchester: F. Warren & Co.
Black-and-white engraving depicting Moses and the Ten Commandments. Engraving by Peter van Lisebetten after a painting by Valentin de Boulogne. From Davidis Teniers Antverpiensis, pictoris, et a cubiculis by David Teniers.
Hand-colored engraving of a Jewish woman from Algiers. Engraving after Théophile Emmanuel Duverger. From Die Völker des Erdballs nach ihrer Abstammung und Verwandtschaft und ihren Eigenthümlichkeiten in Regierungsform, Religion, Sitte und Tracht by Heinrich Karl Wilhelm Berghaus, published Brüssel und Leipzig: Carl Muquardt.