Black-and-white engravings depicting the celebration of Simchat Torah by the Portuguese Jews of Amsterdam. Engraving by Bernard Picart. From Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde representées par des figures dessinées de la main de Bernard Picard: avec une explication historique, & quelques dissertations curieuses, Volume 1, published Amsterdam: J.F. Bernard, 1723-1737.
Black-and-white engraving of the interior of a synagogue. Engraving by James Mynde. From A new history of the Holy Bible, from the beginning of the world to the establishment of Christianity, Volume 2, by Thomas Stackhouse, published London: Printed for Stephen Austen, 1742-1744.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting the removal of the Torah scrolls from the ark at the West London Synagogue on Upper Berkeley Street. From A sketch of the history of Judaism and Christianity in the light of modern research and criticism by George Thomas Bettany.