Black-and-white engraving depicting, above, Simon of Trent, whose disappearance and murder led to charges of blood libel against the Jewish community of Trent; below, an image of a Judensau (Jews' sow). This engraving is a copy of a wall painting on the bridge tower of Frankfurt am Main; the bridge was demolished in 1801. In German, the text reads : "Au weih Rabbi Anschl, au, au! Mausch, au weih, au, au! Sauff Mauschi, sauff die Milch! Friss du Rabbi den Dreck, es ist doch alle Zeit euer bestes Geschleck!" In English, the title reads : "In 1475 on Maundy Thursday, the child Simon, who was 2 years old, was murdered by the Jews." In English, the text reads : "Oy vey Rabbi Anschl, oy, oy! Mausch, oy vey, oy, oy! Drink Mauchi, drink the milk! Eat, Rabbi, this filth! That's your greatest delicacy!"
Black-and-white etched satire on attitudes toward vaccination. Edward Jenner, pioneer of the smallpox vaccine, is portrayed as a Jew. He holds a syringe labelled "Kuhpocken" (cowpox) and "Humanität" (humanity). Next to him sits a Jewish elder who has one foot on a money bag. Another Jew reads from a document labeled "Für Die Juden" (for the Jews), handed to him on a cushion embroidered with a Star of David by a non-Jewish man astride a sow. He is followed by a rabbi praying and another Jew. At left, a non-Jewish woman holds the sow's rope in one hand and, in the other, a paper labeled "Freiden Mädchen - Berliner Blätter" (prostitute - Berlin Gazette). The etching indicates that the publication of Jenner's work is a Jewish conspiracy.
Caricature. In German, the text reads : --"Gott - Schmul - bist de aach gelade zum reichen Salomon - und hast nich emal e reines Hemd an?" --"Du ja auch nich - !" --"Weßt De was, zieh Du mein Hemd an - und ich Dains, so haben wir doch Baide die Wäsche gewechselt!" In English, the text reads : --"Oh, God - Schmul - you're also invited to rich Salomon's -- and don't even have a clean shirt on?" --"You don't either - !" --"You know what, you put my shirt on - and I'll put on yours, that way it'll look like we both just mixed up the laundry!"
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 9, No. 46. In German, the text reads : --"Ach, mein Sohn, der Abraham, s'is ein Jung, hab ich doch nicht an ihn gewandt umsonst all das scheine Geld und de Kosten! - hab ich ihn gefragt; Abraham hab ich gesagt, was willst de dann werden? - 'Nun da werd ich Vitriol, hat er gesagt,' Ach wie heisst Vitriol? - 'Gott, Vater, da kann ich mer fressen überall dorch!'" In English, the text reads : --"Oh, my son, Abraham, he's a young boy, I have not appealed to him yet, all that beautiful money and the costs! -- So I asked him; Abraham, I said, what do you want to be? -- "Now, I'm going to become a Vitriol, he said" Oh, and what does vitriol mean?-- "God, Father, it's where I can eat more than everywhere else!"--
Caricature by Franklin Morris Howarth published in Puck. The text reads : 1 --Mr. Hockheimer: "Ach! Mein Gott, Shakop, vy you vaste your dime ofer dot foolish pook--over dot crazy fool pusiness about dot palmistry. Dot vill nefer do you no goot votefer." --Hockheimer, Jr.: "Oh! Don't vorry, Fader--it maype gomes in handy some day." 2 --Mr. Hockheimer (after trying in vain for over an hour to fit customer with hat): "Vait, don't go, mein frendt; I see vot I gan do." 3 --Mr. Hockheimer (in anguish): "Oh! Shakop, mein sohn! Dish vas awful. I loose me a gustomer. Efery hat in der store ish too pig for his head. Vot vill I do me?" --Hockheimer, Jr.: "Calm yourself, Fader. I tries vot I gan do." 4 --"Goot morning, Mister. Oh! yes; dot hat vas entirely too pig. Say! Mister, did you effer hear apout dot science of palmistry, vot dells your fortune py der lines on your handt? Gif me your handt, I tells you." 5 --"You vas porn under a lucky planet. Your line of life vas goodt undt long, you vill live to old age." 6 --"Your power for knowledge is enormously developed. You vill become a prilliant man--a scholar, a statesman, perhaps der President. You vas a porn leader of men--like Napoleon." 7 --"You have great powers of concentration and determination--you vill succeed in votefer you underdakes." 8 --"Fader, you must have made some mistakes. Any of dese hats vill fit der great schentlemans. Give me a larger size. Goot." 9 --Mr. Hockheimer (falling on his son's neck): "Oh! mein sohn, der pride of mein life. I dakes you in bartnership tomorrow."
Caricature of Jewish participation in the National Guard during the Revolutions of 1848. In German, the text reads : "Hascheln! Habts Acht! Mer sein jetzt gekümmen vor unsern Kümmandanten sein Haus. Regimentstrommler! Schlog ein Werbel, trrrrrrrr - soll ach Hoch leben." (On the banner) : "Profit. Gleiche Rechte mit den Christen!" In English, the text reads : "Attention! Pull yourselves together, troops! We are marching to our commander's house. Regiments, beat your drums!" (On the banner): "Profit. Equal rights with Christians!" Lithograph printed and published Vienna: F. Werner, Mariahilf.
Caricature of Jewish participation in the National Guard during the Revolutions of 1848. In German, the text reads : "Hascheln! Habts Acht! Mer sein jetzt gekümmen vor unsern Kümmandanten sein Haus. Regimentstrommler! Schlog ein Werbel, trrrrrrrr - soll ach Hoch leben." (On the banner) : "Profit. Gleiche Rechte mit den Christen!" In English, the text reads : "Attention! Pull yourselves together, troops! We are marching to our commander's house. Regiments, beat your drums!" (On the banner): "Profit. Equal rights with Christians!" Lithograph printed Leipzig: J. G. Fritzsche.
Caricature by Franklin Morris Howarth published in Puck. The text reads : 1 --Mr. Isaacs: "Ikey, look, look! See vat your fader learns out mit dis pook! I can do it! I'm a hypnotister!" 2 "Now watch! Here gomes a jay gustomer. Go out mit der store. Leaf me alone. I will hypnotister him. I vill get me double brices! 3 --"Vat, you only vant a pair of pants? Look me in der eye!" --Mr. Hardacre (aside): "That feller is tryin' ter hypnertize me. I used ter be purty good at that game, myself. I'll try my hand at it." 4 --Mr. Isaacs (aside): "Oh! If I had only known dese dricks pefore. (To Hardacre.) Look in der glass. Isn't dot fine, undt only feefty tollars." --Mr. Hardacre: "I'll let him think he has me!" 5 --Mr. Isaacs: "And you vant a fine silk hat. Ah! you look schoost like dot Brince of Vales (Aside.) Oh! dis vas too easy!" --Mr. Hardacre (aside): "Now I'm ready to begin on him." 6 (Making the hypnotic passes : immediately transfixing Isaacs and handing him a piece of paper). "Now you want your money, I suppose? Here is a hundred-dollar-bill. Give me the change." 7 --"Yes, that is right! Ten, twenty, thirty, forty. Now, you sit down on that chair and don't move until that clock strikes five. Good-by!" 8 --Young Isaacs: "Fader, vat's der matter? You see nodding mit your eyes open. Vhere's der gustomer you hypnertisted? Vake up! Vake up!" 9 --Mr. Isaacs (as he awakes): "Vhat! Dere vas no hundret-tollar-bill in der drawer? Four ten-tollar-bills missin'? Oh, mein sufferin' peoble! Dot feller was a hypnotister himself! Ikey, Ikey! purn dot pook!"
Caricature depicting a Jewish family on the water in Manhattan Beach. The text reads : "Ah Rachel I wud'nt sthay in dot vouter - I dink I go out and look on de vouter." Caricature printed by Tobin N.Y.
Black-and-white lithograph depicting two men outside of a notary. In German, the text reads : --J: "No ne Dublone, oder s'wird Se reie." --N: "Es thut's nit--!" In English, the text reads : --J: Another coin, or else it's going to be free. --N: It's not working--!"
Black-and-white engraving entitled "horse shares." The scene below is observed above by three men holding the Ten Commandments. In German, the text reads : "Abraham: Sie sind maschuker, alles reit, Jetzt reit'n gar auch unsere Leut! Isaack: Der Jzig zieht die Knie ans Maul. Gebt Acht! Der fällt meih Seel von Gaul. Jakob: Der hat doch sonst'n guten Schlufs, Räb Jzig! -- was machst du für Stufs? Jzig: Herunter bringt'r mich doch nit. Er geht am End schon wieder Schritt. Heruntergeworfener. Das Pferd hat wie mein böles Weib, 5000 Teufel in den Leib! Streicher: Wir streichen euch Drei oder Vier, Dann wird es ruhig euer Thier. Madame Pfau: Das Zettelchen ist wirklich gut. Es langt zum Mantel und zum Hut. Magd: Mein braver Herr, der an mich denkt Hat mir die Aktie geschenkt. Schnipp: Komt! schnaufen wir ein wenig aus, Und reiten hin vor's Kaffehaus. Schnapp: Wird's mit der Eisenbahn gut gehn. Dann war's man wie die Gäule stehn. Schnur: Ich zieh den meinen in den Stall. Und deke mich für jeden Fall. Schnepeper: Der reit' Galopp der Trab der Schritt. Ich denk, ich bleib' so in der Mitt. Stallmeister Meseritzer: Macht was ihr wollt, dös wahls ich doch. Mer wherreitn euch alle noch." In English, the text reads : "Abraham: You are crazy, everything is ready. Even our people are now riding! Isaack: Jzig is pulling his knees into his mouth. Be cautious! He's missing the soul of Gaul . Jakob: He typically has a good ending anyways, Rabbi Jzig! -- what nonsense are you doing. Jzig: He'll not bring me down yet. He goes to the end and takes another step again. He is the thrown down one. That horse has 5000 devils in his body, just like my evil woman. Streicher: We are going to mark out three or four for you all, then it will become quiet for you animals. Madame Pfau: The little note is very good. It is enough for the coat to the hat. Magd: My well behaved Sir, who thinks of me, gave me the shares of stock as a gift. Schnipp: Come on! Let us take a breath for a bit, and let's ride ahead to the Coffee House. Schnapp: Will it go well with the train. Then it would stand like the nags. Schnur: I'm going to guide mine into the stables. And will cover them for any situation. Schnepeper: The rider gallops, the trot, the step. I think, I'm going to stay in the middle like this. Stallmeister Meseritzer: You all can do what you want, that's what I vote for. We will outride all of you eventually."
Caricature of a Jewish man asking another man for advice. In German, the text reads : --Jude: "Herr Major - as Sie mir sind genannt worden als ein Mann von Ehr - wollt ich mich bei Ihnen informiere - ich hab gekriegt ne Ohrfeige vom Herr Lieutenant Sibitz, was hab ich zu thun in der difficile Sach?" --Major: "Da müssen Sie sich mit ihm schiessen." --Jude: "Gott, er kann todt bleiben und ich kann todt bleiben - und ich bin verheirathet." --Major: "Da muss einer von Ihnen wenigstens Homburg verlassen." --Jude: "Gott er ist zu seinem Vergnügen heir und ich für meine Gesundheit, wer soll weichen?" --Major: "Nun ich würde mir aus eine Ohrfeige so sehr viel nicht machen." --Jude: "Gott Herr Major, wenn Sie sich nir d'raus machen als en Mann von Ehr, ich mach mir gewis nichts d'raus!" In English, the text reads : --Jew: "Mr. Major - as you have been referred to me as a man of honor - I want you to advise me - I received a slap in the face from Mr. Lieutenant Sibitz, what do I have to do in this difficult situation?" --Major: "You must have a shoot out with him." --Jew: "Oh God, he could be left dead and I could be left dead - and I am married." --Major: "Then at least one of you must leave Hamburg." --Jew: "Dear God, he's here for pleasure, and I'm here for my health, who should budge?" --Major: Well, I wouldn't make so much over a slap in the face." --Jew: Oh God, Mr. Major - if you wouldn't make anything of this as a man of honor, then I certainly won't make anything of it!"
Hand-colored lithograph with two scenes dated 1848 and 1898. 1848: "Emancipation of the Jews" depicts a Jewish man on his knees before an officer, offering a bag of money; in his other hand is a document labeled "Jewish emancipation." 1898: "The Christians as slaves of the Jews" depicts three Christians kneeling before a Jewish man in an officer's coat, as a Jewish man drives a Christian man with a whip in the background.
Hand-colored lithograph depicting a crowd outside of the Stock Exchange. The caption reads : "The warning sign is no better here than in the vineyard." The sign reads "Verbotener Weg" (entry forbidden).
Caricature published in Judge. The text reads : --Hockstein: "Iss it a diamond? Ach! Der cutting is imberfect, der stone is off color, t'ere iss tree flaws in it--Vatt! I wouldn't loan--" --Customer (angrily): "But I don't wish a loan! I want you to value it, and I'll pay you for your trouble!" --Hockstein: "Ach! Vhy didn't you say so--it's a peaudiful stone. A pure white, flawless gem ohf der feerst vawter; feefty cents, blease!"
Caricature by James Montgomery Flagg published in Judge. The caption reads : --Customer: "Are the colors in this mackintosh fast colors?" --Clerk: "Very fast; in fact, when it rains, I guarantee that they will run."
Black-and-white lithograph depicting two men hving a conversation on the street. In German, the text reads : "Alle Wetter!! 200 prct und jetzt wo der Moment gekommen ist, dass ich nothwendig Geld brauche, bekäm ich statt dessen - eine Million Zündhölzl!" In English, the text reads : "All weather! 200 prct and now that the moment is finally here, now that I actually need money, I received a million matches instead!"
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 9, No. 7. In German, the text reads : --"Gott Mosis - was bringst Du denn da für ne Alte Schachtel mit?" --"Herr Baraun, s'ist meine Frau - ihre Aussenseite verspricht nicht viel aber für ihr Inneres kann ich garantieren, - s'ist ausgeseichnet?" --"Gott Mosis - lass sie doch wenden." In English, the text reads : --"Oh, God, Mosis - what sort of ugly hag did you bring with?" --"Herr Baraun, she is my wife - her outer appearance doesn't promise much, but I can guarantee that her heart is exquisite." --"Oh, God, Mosis - just let her turn around."
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 6, No. 32. In German, the text reads : --"Seid ich doch endlich gekimmen aufs rechte Mittel die alte Oelbilder aufzufrischen, es gaiht nichts über de schwarze Seif un de Pottasch, man krigt se damit rein bis auf de Grund." In English, the text reads : --"Ever since I finally came upon the correct agent for restoring these old oil paintings, nothing can beat the black soap and the potash. One can get them clean with it down to the base."
Caricature by Walter H. Gallaway published in Puck. The text reads : 1 "Dey cosd only ninedy cends und sell for fife tollars." 2 "Max, I tells you ve can'd lose." 3 "Und I asks Cohenstein, 'Do ve ged a discound?'" 4 "It vas all in Rachel's name, efery cend." 5 "Now ve vill talk ofer dot brobosition you haf." 6 "Dere's noting in it at der brice."
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 9, No. 1. In German, the text reads : --"Sarchen, wie hat dir gefallen de Ariadne auf Naxos?" --"Nu? Ariadne könnt mer schon gefalle, aber das Naxos nicht." In English, the text reads : "Dear Sarah, how did you like Ariadne on Naxos?" --"Nu? I could like Ariadne, but not Naxos." Ariadne auf Naxos is an opera by Richard Strauss.
Caricature by Frederick Burr Opper published in Puck. The text reads : --Mrs. Blazenheimer: "Vot vas der drubble ofer dere?" --Mr. Flamberg: "It's dot fool feller, Smokenstein;--he vas bound to come here dressed as a fireman--und dey vas pudding him oud!"
Caricature of Jewish participation in the National Guard during the Revolutions of 1848. In German, the text reads : --"Wai! -- A Wai der Feind kümmt! -- A Wai! Se thün auch scheißsen!" In English, the text reads : --"Vey! -- Oy vey the enemy is coming! -- Oy, vey! They are shooting too!"
Caricature depicting a Jewish man called "Monowski" working as a peddler after two years in the United States. This card is the second of a set of four trade cards from the series "Our New Citizens" published by Geo.Topp.
Black-and-white etched satirical portrait of Levi Whitehead, head waiter of the Bacchus (Backhouse Wines) Inn, Tadcaster, Yorkshire. Etching by traveller and amateur etcher Frederick Atkinson, a silk-mercer and draper in York. Published June 1, 1797, by W. Richardson, 31 Strand.
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 8, No. 28. In German, the text reads : --Jude: "Nu - Herr Baron - wann krieg' ich denn mein Geld für den Braunen, den ich Ihnen verkauft habe?" --Baron: "Wie alt bist Du Levi?" --Jude: "60 Jahre." --Baron: "Ei sechzig Jahre und noch so neugierig!" In English, the text reads : --Jew: "Nu - Mr. Baron - when will I get my money for the brown horse that I sold you?" --Baron: "How old are you, Levi?" --Jew: "60 years old." --Baron: "60 years old and yet so inquisitive!"
Caricature by Charles Jay Taylor published in the August 8, 1888, edition of Puck. The text reads : --Ben and Levi: "You can haf dose clodings sheap, und we treat you mit a drink und a cigar! --Workingman: "Bah! You've been using those old togs for a sign for over twenty-five years. I'm going down to Cleveland's Free-Wool Emporium!"
Caricature by Leon Barritt published in the March 1881 edition of the New England Pictorial. The associated article reads : "From an American point of view the opposition to the Jews, which has lately been revived in Germany, seems to be due partly to a survival of the unchristian spirit of medieval Christianity, but more immediately to the hatred which thrift always inspires in the unthrifty. The military ardor which has converted Germany into a great camp has drafted the flower of German youth into army barracks, and diverted the best energy of the people from productive pursuits. At the same time it has impoverished the masses by indirect heavy taxes to support the military establishment, and still heavier indirect taxes in cutting off the supply of productive labor. Though many Jewish youth in Germany have proved the native courage of the race on recent battlefields, the more peaceful instincts of the race have led them to seek in commerce and in the professions the distinction which the Christian youths have looked for in military and official positions. And now the cry is that the Jews monopolize the sources of wealth, and that they crowd the professions and other pursuits of peace and profit. The charge is doubtless largely true, but that fact is as much to the honor of the Jews as it is to the dishonor of those whose lower civilization has allowed them to be distanced in the competitions of peaceful industry, intelligence, persistence and thrift. If the physically and numerically weaker race can distance their stronger and more numerous competitors in the arts of peace, the fact must be taken as evidence that mind counts for more than stature, and thrift and labor for more than military ardor, in the free conflicts of modern civilization."
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 8, No. 34. In German, the text reads : --"Soll uns Gott behüte, was thust de, reitst auf den Schacher an so hohem Fasttag?" --"Üh wie komm ich mir vor - woas für'n Fasttag?" --"Nu - Zerstörung Jerusalems - --"Was kümmerts mich - hab ich doch ka Haus in Jerusalem." In English, the text reads : --"May God protect us, what are you doing, are you riding off to haggle on such an important fast day?" --"Ugh, how do I feel about this - what sort of day of fasting?" --"Nu - the destruction of Jerusalem -" --"What do I care - I don't have a house in Jerusalem."
Hand-colored etching depicting a sentimental contemplation of the moon. In German, the text reads : "Nicht weiss gesotten, nicht plettirt, / Und doch solch magnifiquer Schein! / Ach, mein Gemüth ist ganz gerührt / Er muss messiv von Silber seyn!" In English, the text reads : "Not blanched, not plated, / And yet such a magnifiscent gleam! Oh, my soul is deeply moved / It must be made of silver!"
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 8, No. 5. In German, the text reads : --"Jude, was ist das für eine Betrügerei?? Bei den renomistischen Anzeigen bekommt man ein Zeug, das nicht zu rauchen ist." --"Wai geschrien, Ihr Herren, es ist kein Betrug, doch bekannt ist, dass Eigenlob stinkt." In English, the text reads : --"Jew, what sort of scam is this?? In the boastful advertisements, you get some stuff that isn't even good enough to smoke." --"Oh, quit yelling, gentlemen, it is no scam, but it is well known, that self-praise stinks." The sign on the cigar store reads: "Here is the best variety of tobacco in the world."
Black-and-white illustration of two men outside the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, with the text of their humorous conversation printed beneath. One man is updating the other man on his life since they last saw each other. He has married a coquettish woman, who brought a lot of money to the marriage. The person to whom he entrusted the funds ran off with the money--which is for the best, because his wife ran off with the man. Published in Asmodée: geillustreerde almanak.
Hand-colored engraivng with two scenes: now and then. In German, the text reads : Von jetzt: --"Herr Minister ich wünsche eine Anstellung im Ministerium!" --"Ist mir unendlich leid, aber sie sind bereits alle vergeben."--" So überlassen Sie mir die Ihrige!" --"Ach wollen sie gefälligst bedenken, dass die selber erst eine von Gestern ist!" Und damahls: --"Eure Excelenz dürfte ich in aller Unterthänigkeit zu hoffen wagen?!" --"Mir leid--gute Conduit--wie gesagt--noch zu jung--Adieu!" --"Dürfte ich vielleicht bei der nächsten--Vorrükung?!" --"Adieu!" In English, the text reads : From now: --"Mr. Minister, I wish to have a position in the Ministry!" --"I am terribly sorry, but all of the position have already been awarded."--" So leave me your own!" --"Oh, do you really think, that even that one is one of the past!" And back then: --"Your excellency, may I, with great obedience, dare to hope?!" --"My apologies--good conduit--as I said---still too young--Goodbye!" --"May I, perhaps by the next--Displacement?!" --"Goodbye!" Engraving by Andreas Geiger.
Caricature by Eugene Zimmerman published in Judge. The text reads : 1 "How our friend Goldberg's hands look when he first notices a little shower coming up." 2 "But it is only natural that they should assume this shape if it rained MONEY."
Hand-colored etched caricature depicting a fantastical view of the sun. In German, the text reads : "Gotts Wunder, welcher Glanz und Schein / Das muss ep's rores von Vergilding seyn!" In English, the text reads : "God's wonders, which glimmer and shine / That must be something rare and gilt!"
Hand-colored wood engraving of a hunchbacked Jewish man, Jaapje Blok, who hires himself out as a lectern at the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. Wood engraving by Henricus Adrianus (Henri) Bogaerts. Published in De katholieke illustratie : zondags-lektuur voor het katholieke Nederlandsche volk.
Hand-colored lithographed caricature depicting a Jewish peddler with his wares. The caption, which translates to "All is not gold that glitters," implies that his wares might not be as valuable as they seem. Lithograph by Pierre Langlumé. Published Paris: Noël et Dauty.
Black-and-white etched caricature of merchant Jacob Franco (1762-1817), member of a prominent Sephardic family in England. Described as "Mr. Franco, a gentleman then well known on the turf, of Jewish descent, which is indicated by the pigs." Caricature by James Gillray. Published May 25, 1800, by Hannah Humphrey, 27 St. James's Street.
Hand-colored etched caricature of merchant Jacob Franco (1762-1817), member of a prominent Sephardic family in England. Described as "Mr. Franco, a gentleman then well known on the turf, of Jewish descent, which is indicated by the pigs." Caricature by James Gillray. Published May 25, 1800, by Hannah Humphrey, 27 St. James's Street.
Black-and-white lithographed caricature depicting Nicholas I of Russia applying the whip in order collect taxes to finance the Crimean War. The print shows the Tsar trying to extort funds from the Russian Jews by threatening them with pogroms. Lithograph by Destouches after a caricature by Honoré Daumier. Plate 91 of the series Actualités, published in the August 8, 1854, edition of Le Charivari.
Caricature drawn by Roy Leighton Budd of a Jewish family eating a meal. The text written on the reverse reads : "Ikey! Ikey!! Mein Gott, boy, vould you ruin your olt fader? Vat I told you from chewing on dat side ver da gold filling is?"
Hand-colored etched satirical portrait of Pellegrin Treves (1733-1817), who served as postmaster general and was a friend of the Prince Regent. Etching by Richard Dighton. Published by Dighton, Charing Cross, November 20, 1801.
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 6, No. 42. In German, the text reads : --"Härsch, wo iss dein Bruder?" --"Gott soll hüte, er iß uff'm Rathhaus, dort wird er abgewandelt mit Fünfe-zwanzig, weil er hat getriebe en Hausierhandel im Ruckfall." --"No siehst de." Handel bringt Wandel. In English, the text reads : "Härsch, where is your brother?" --"May God protect us, he is at city hall, that's where he's going to be in the reformatory for 25 years, because of a subsequent offense for peddling." --"You see?" "Trade brings change!"
Caricature by Eugene Zimmerman published in Judge. The text reads : -- Reuben (angrily): "I'll trouble you to let me by!" --Cohn brothers: "Let you buy? Certainly! Come right in! No trouble to show goots."
Hand-colored etched satirical portrait identified as financier Levy Barent Cohen or Mr. Ripley. Drawn, etched, and published by Richard Dighton, November 5, 1817. Reissue published by Thomas McLean, 26 Haymarket, 1824.
Satirical scene etched in red depicting four members of the committee around a treasure chest, which is empty of coins and occupied by a grinning demon. The Secretary holds upside down an empty bag inscribed "ils ont emigrè" ("they have emigrated"). One of the committee members takes from a Jew (at left) a dish on which a little demon is excreting coins. On the right, a large cupboard with packages labeled Recepissen (receipts) and Assignats (paper money issued during the French Revolution) falls forward on to the backs of two committee members, including the president of the Committee of Accounts. The Jew sells a figure which he assures the purchaser will, if nourished with the tears of the Orangists, give fifty ducats daily. This is better than the piles of assignats which threaten ruin. Territories conquered by France during the Revolution were forced to take assignats from French soldiers and to change them for receipts. Etching by William Humphrey after a caricature by David Hess. From Hollandia regenerata by David Hess.
Satirical scene etched in red depicting the patriots, who had emigrated in 1787 after their defeat by the Anglo-Prussian alliance, approaching the committee, apparently two French Représentants en Mission, with requests for money and clothes. Four men stand on the right, two with papers inscribed "Request." From the pocket of one (right), dressed as a soldier, projects a carriage-lamp, which he is alleged to have stolen. One Frenchman, wearing a scarf inscribed "Representant," and holding a pair of breeches, puts money into an outstretched palm. On the left, an old Jew measures a patriot wearing sabots (clogs) for a suit of clothes. Behind him is a wall from which projects a sign: "Nathan Levi Uitdraager en Kleermaaker" ("broker and tailor"). Etching by William Humphrey after a caricature by David Hess. From Hollandia regenerata by David Hess.
Black-and-white lithographed caricature depicting the publication of the "Juif errant" in the Constitutionnel trying to pull the fat and immobile newspaper. Eugène Sue's Le Juif errant was published serially in the the newspaper Le Constitutionnel from June 25, 1844, to August 26, 1845. Caricature by Honoré Daumier. In French, the text reads : "Allons! en route, mon vieux, en route........ si moi je ne parviens pas à vous faire marcher c'est que décidément votre infirmité sera par trop constitutionnelle!..." In English, the text reads : "Come on, old man, let's go, come on! If I can't even make you walk, then your infirmity is really a constitutional problem..." Plate 103 of the series Actualités, published in the March 31, 1844, edition of Le Charivari. Printed by Aubert & Cie., published by Chez Aubert, Pl. de la Bourse.
Black-and-white lithographed caricature depicting stockjobbers hoping to catch inside news after the first signs of a war in Italy appear in the newspaper. Lithograph by Destouches after a caricature by Honoré Daumier. Plate 10 of the series Actualités, published in the February 19, 1859, edition of Le Charivari.
In French, the text reads :
--Ne craignez rien ......, nous n'aurons pas la guerre ! ....
--Quelles preuves pouvez vous me donner?....
--Comment des preuves.... j'en ai mille.... tenez, mon cher.... allez place de la concorde...., dirigez vous du côté du quai et vous verrez qu'on n'arme seulement pas la frégate-école!.... In English, the text reads :
--Don't' you worry, there will be no war!
--What proof do you have for that?
--What do you mean proof.... there are thousands... for example... you go down to Place de la Concorde... in direction of the Quai and you will note that not even the frigate-school has been called to arms!
Black-and-white lithographed caricature of lawyer and statesman Adolphe Crémieux. Caricature by Honoré Daumier. The text reads : "Crémieux (candidate for a minister's position). He adores changes. To his great chagrin, he unfortunately is not able to change his face." Plate 5 of Les représentans représentés, a series of 109 caricatures of French deputies. Printed by Aubert & Cie., published by Chez Aubert, Pl. de la Bourse. Published in the December 20, 1848, edition of Le Charivari.
Hand-colored engraving of Jewish clothes merchants. Engraving after a drawing by Gustave de Galard. From Recueil des divers costumes des habitans de Bordeaux et des environs by Edmond Géraud, published Bordeaux: Lavigne jeune.
Caricature by Eugene Zimmerman published in Judge. The text reads : --Dr. Smith: "Your husband's prostration is due to business--overwork. You must give him this antimony prescription." --Mrs. Cohen (in a whisper): "Sh! Don'd let mein husband hear you say dot again. I subbose it vill do him good, but don'd let him hear der name ohf dot remedy--he vouldn't take it."
Caricature depicting the store of "Grabheimer the great American tailor." The text reads : "Vy Isaac! Dat is Mister Shones from Mobile, your prudder said you should gif Mister Shones a good pargain." Caricature printed by Tobin N.Y.
Caricature by Eugene Zimmerman published in Judge. The text reads : The 16th of March. --Baxterstein: "Ikey, mine sohn, if ve don'dt preddy soon sell some ohf dese clodings your papa vill be a ruined Hebrew." The 17th of March. --Ikey (his son): "Nefer mindt dot ruinness, papa. Ve vill sell dose handtsome clodings to dose Irish peebles vhen der parade passes dis vay."
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 5, No. 1. In German, the text reads : --"Nü Itzig, wohin raitst de?" --"Au wai, waiss ich's?" In English, the text reads: --"Nu Itzig, to where are you riding?" --"Oh, do I know that?"
Caricature published in the Düsseldorfer Monathefte, Band 8, No. 9. In German, the text reads : --"Sagens mol sachverständiger Maister von de Kunst, mein Sohn wird doch später sehr fain werden, schauns schwarze Augen, schwarze Haare hat er schon und wenn er alt wird werden so kriegt er noch ä krümmer Nas." In English, the text reads : --"Say, knowledgeable master of the arts, my son will become very attractive later in life, look at his black eyes, he already has black hair and when he gets older he'll get a crooked nose as well."
Black-and-white illustration of two men described as "Twee Vrienden van den Prins" ("two friends of the prince"). The accompanying story entitled "Modern Zeden" ("modern mores") describes two moneylenders, pictured here, and a prince who gives into their demands in order to receive money from them. Published in Asmodée: geillustreerde almanak.
Color lithograph of "Death to the Jew" from La danse des morts à Bâle de Holbein / Basler Todtentanz von Hans Holbein by Hieronymus Hess, published Basel: Hasler & Cie. In German, the text reads : --Der Tod zum Juden: "Hujum, Jud! mach dich auf die Fahrt; / Dein's Messiä hast zu lang g'wart: / Christum, welchen ihr habt ermördt, / War der recht, ihr habt lang geirrt." --Antwort des Juden: "Ein Rabbi war ich der Geschrift, / Zog aus der Bibel nur das Gift: / Gar wenig nach Messiam tracht, / Hatt' mehr auf Schätz und Wucher Acht." In English, the text reads : --Death to the Jew: "Up, Jew, and take the common gate, / In vain you for Messiah wait; / Christ, whom, you slew, was He indeed, / You've follow'd long a hopeless creed." The Jew's reply: "As Rabbi long the law I knew, / But poison from its pages drew; / Messiah had few charms for me, / My faith was Gold and Usury."
Engraving and text from Darstellungen menschlicher Narrheiten (Representations of human follies). In German, the text reads : "Was wolt Ihr Juden bey den Sachen, / soll man euch auch zu Narren machen. / Sie wollen einen Wipper krönen. / Der sich mit ihnen wird versöhnen. / Weil er so viel Profit genomen, / als feinen Juden zu gekomen." In English, the text reads : "What do you Jews want by those things, should you all be made into fools as well. / They want to crown a "Wipper," / Who will reconcile with them. / Because he took so much profit, that he became a well off Jew." This engraving is part of a series satirizing the foolish schemes people believed during the economic crisis in the early 17th century. The title "Der Kipp-und Wipper-Narr" refers to the phrase used to describe this period of hyperinflation (Kipper- und Wipperzeit), literally meaning to "Tipper and See-saw," which refers to the unstable state of the economy.
Reproduction of a black-and-white woodcut and text from Das Ständebuch (The Book of Trades) with text by Hans Sachs and illustrations by Jost Amman. The book describes trades practiced in 16th-century Nuremberg. In German, the text reads : "Bin nicht vmb sonst ein Jüd genannt / Ich leih nur halb Gelt an ein Pfandt / Löst mans nit zu gesetztem Ziel / So gilt es mir dennoch so viel / Darmit verderb ich den loßn hauffn / Der nur wil Feyern / Fressn vnd Sauffn / Doch nimpt mein Handel gar nit ab / Weil ich meins gleich viel Brüder hab." In English, the text reads : "I'm called a Jew because, in dearth, / Pledge I pawn at half its worth; / If not redeemed on time, it will / Make my profits higher still. / I thus destroy all carless folk, / While they eat and drink and joke. / My business never suffers, for / I have many brothers more."
Black-and-white woodcut and text from Das Ständebuch (The Book of Trades) with text by Hans Sachs and illustrations by Jost Amman. The book describes trades practiced in 16th-century Nuremberg. In German, the text reads : "Bin nicht vmb sonst ein Jüd genannt / Ich leih nur halb Gelt an ein Pfandt / Löst mans nit zu gesetztem Ziel / So gilt es mir dennoch so viel / Darmit verderb ich den loßn hauffn / Der nur wil Feyern / Fressn vnd Sauffn / Doch nimpt mein Handel gar nit ab / Weil ich meins gleich viel Brüder hab." In English, the text reads : "I'm called a Jew because, in dearth, / Pledge I pawn at half its worth; / If not redeemed on time, it will / Make my profits higher still. / I thus destroy all carless folk, / While they eat and drink and joke. / My business never suffers, for / I have many brothers more."
Black-and-white lithograph depicting a Jewish peddler and Gabriel Riesser, member of the Frankfurt Parliament, mocking Heinrich von Gagern, who is walking past carrying bags of money on both shoulders. In German, the text reads : --1ster Jud: "Nu! Wie tragt der Mann sou schwär?" --2ter Jud: "S'nit sou arig worum er tragt jou uf bade Achsle! Bey mei lang Lebe ich hab ka Kinesinne druf!" In English, the text reads : --First Jew: "Nu! How is that man carrying something so heavy?" --Second Jew: "It's not that hard, that's why he's carrying them on both shoulders! In my whole life, I've never thought of that! Printed Frankfurt am Main: C. Knatz.
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