Black-and-white engravings depicting the celebration of Simchat Torah by the Portuguese Jews of Amsterdam. Engraving by Bernard Picart. From Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde representées par des figures dessinées de la main de Bernard Picard: avec une explication historique, & quelques dissertations curieuses, Volume 1, published Amsterdam: J.F. Bernard, 1723-1737.
Black-and-white engraving depicting Simchat Torah in the synagogue. Engraving by John McRae. From the article "The Joy of the Law" by Mordecai Manuel Noah, published in the The Odd-Fellows’ Offering, for 1851.
Black-and-white wood engraving depicting Simchat Torah at the Park East Synagogue in New York. Original illustration by Irving R. Wiles. From the article "The Jews in New York" by Richard Wheatley, published in the January 1892 edition of The Century Magazine.