Black-and-white engraving depicting a Jewish man holding a mezuzah. From Dictionnaire historique, critique, chronologique, geographique et litteral de la Bible, Volume 4, by Augustin Calmet, published Paris: Emery, Saugrain, & Pierre Martin.
Black-and-white etching of a Jewish man from Poland in 1768. Etching by Jean-Baptiste Le Prince. From A collection of the dresses of different nations, antient and modern, published London: Thomas Jefferys, 1757-1772.
Hand-colored etching of a Jewish man from Poland in 1768. Etching by Jean-Baptiste Le Prince. From A collection of the dresses of different nations, antient and modern, published London: Thomas Jefferys, 1757-1772.
Black-and-white offset print reproduction of individuals at the Leipzig Trade Fair, including a Jew from Poland. From the article "Leipsic and its Fair" by Thomas Emmette, published in Scribner's Monthly, Volume 2, Issue 2 (June 1871).
Black-and-white offset print reproduction depicting Jewish men in the National Guard during the November Uprising (1830-1831). From Di Iden in Rusland un Poylen by Israel Friedlaender. Originally printed in Les Israélites de Pologne by Léon Hollaenderski.
Hand-colored engraving of two Jewish men from Austria. Engraving by William Ellis. From The costume of the hereditary states of the House of Austria by Antoine François Bertrand de Molleville, translated by Robert Charles Dallas, published London: William Miller. The publication depicts the dress of people throughout areas ruled by the House of Austria (House of Habsburg).