Periodicals

Millicent E. Brown Papers, 1949 - 2003

Millicent E. Brown Papers, 1949 - 2003
Millicent Ellison Brown (b. 1948) is an educator and civil rights activist. Born in Charleston to MaeDe and J. Arthur Brown, local and state president of NAACP (1955-1965), Brown, in 1963, replaced her older sister Minerva as the primary plaintiff in a NAACP-sponsored lawsuit (Millicent Brown vs. Charleston County School District #20).
 
The collection consists of personal and professional correspondence, essays, materials regarding organization including the Avery Research Center, Charleston Branch of the NAACP, and National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America, Rivers High School materials, and photographs.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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Anna D. Kelly Papers, 1930s - 1999

Anna D. Kelly Papers, 1930s - 1999
Anna D. Kelly (1913-2007) is known for her efforts to connect Lowcountry African Americans with the Highlander Folk School, most notably recruiting Septima Clark. A graduate of the Avery Normal Institute in Charleston, South Carolina, Kelly was a charter member of the Avery Institute of African American History and Culture. She then played a crucial role in establishment of the Avery Research Center.
 
The collection includes photographs, correspondence and supporting documents regarding Kelly's civic invovlement—including work with the Charleston County Library, the South Carolina Commission on Aging, YWCA, and social work—and documents and photographs regarding the Avery Institute and Avery High School.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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YWCA of Greater Charleston, Inc., Records, 1906 - 2007

YWCA of Greater Charleston, Inc., Records, 1906 - 2007
The Young Women’s Christian Association of Greater Charleston, which originated in 1907, has served communities in Charleston and the Lowcountry area of South Carolina for over a century. Currently, the YWCA of Greater Charleston, Inc., strives to provide programs and services for all people and holds a mission to eliminate racism and to empower women.
 
The collection documents the founding and history of the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) in Charleston, South Carolina as well as the administrative and operational functions of Charleston’s YWCA for over a century. The collection contains by-laws and constitutions, financial documents, meeting minutes, agendas, board correspondence, social event materials, photographs, scrapbooks, and programs.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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Eugene C. Hunt Papers, 1834 - 1994

Eugene C. Hunt
Eugene C. Hunt graduated from the Avery Normal School and went on to Talladega College, where he received a Degree in English in 1940. He earned a Masters Degree in Theater from Northwestern University in 1954 and continued with postgraduate study in Speech and Education. Mr. Hunt taught English and Speech at Burke High School in Charleston from 1941 to 1972. In 1972, he became an Assistant Professor of English and Speech at the College of Charleston, moving up to Associate Professor in 1985. He taught at the College until his retirement in 1992.
 
This collection contains numerous diverse materials that follow Mr. Hunt’s interests and activities, especially education and African-American activism, Burke High School, and the College of Charleston. Materials include correspondence, pamphlets, periodicals, photographs, and other document and manuscript materials.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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Charleston Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Papers, 1920-1995

The Charleston Branch of the NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was started on February 12, 1909, partly in response to the prevalence of lynching of African-Americans in America and the 1908 race riot that occurred in Springfield, Illinois. The Charleston Branch of the NAACP was founded in February 1917 by Edwin Harleston. The branch was established to advocate for the rights of African Americans in South Carolina and Charleston. The Charleston NAACP serves as a space for African-Americans to make complaints against discriminatory practices; and to challenge social and economic inequalities. In addition, they spearheaded voter registration and education campaigns.
 
The Charleston Branch of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) collection contains documents, manuscripts, periodicals, and pamphlets regarding branch and committee correspondence, financial records, materials relating to events and programs sponsored by the Association, branch newsletters, advertising flyers, and other outreach material.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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J. Arthur Brown Papers, 1937 - 1988

J. Arthur Brown (1914-1988)
J. Arthur Brown was born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1914. After graduating from the Avery Institute in 1932 he continued his education at South Carolina State College in Orangeburg, SC graduating in 1937. While at SCSC, Brown met his future wife MaeDe Esperanza Myers (1918-2012), marrying in 1940. The couple had three daughters: MaeDe Joenelle Gordon, Minerva King, and Dr. Millicent Brown; and on son, Myles Gregory Brown. Mr. Brown moved back to Charleston where he became a businessman working as a real estate and insurance broker. He became affiliated with the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Brown worked his way to becoming the president of the Charleston chapter of the NAACP in 1955. As president of the local chapter of the NAACP, Mr. Brown led a concerted effort to fight segregation in the public sphere and other issues in the African American civil rights movement. Mr. Brown was also a member on the Voorhees College Board of Trustees, member of the Mu Alpha Chapter of the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, and a member of the South Carolina Democratic Party. In the 1970’s Mr. Brown was a co-founder and office holder of the Committee on Better Racial Assurance (COBRA).
 
The J. Arthur Brown Papers, 1937–1989 predominantly consist of correspondence detailing Brown’s work within the Civil Rights movement, largely during his term as President of the NAACP. Additional materials include photographs, pamphlets, and periodicals.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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Bernice Robinson Papers, 1920-1989

Bernice Robinson Papers, 1920-1989
The Bernice Robinson Papers, 1920-1989 provide information regarding Robinson’s role as a teacher and social activist for voter education, adult literacy, child development, and social work. Contents include biographical papers, writings and talks, correspondence, and affiliations. Biographical papers include transcripts of her oral history interview. Her correspondence includes letters from Guy and Candie Carawan, Andrew Young, Jr., Myles Horton, Septima P. Clark, among others. Robinson accumulated records that document her professional affiliations with organizations such as the Highlander School, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers, Child Development Associate Consortium, Governors Committee on Child Development, Daycare and Child Development Council of America, and the New Readers Press. Robinson’s political papers include correspondence and campaign materials regarding her candidacy to the South Carolina House of Representatives.
 
Periodical resources include selections from the “Highlander Reports,” the Wisconsin Office of Economic Opportunity’s newsletter, “OEO,” and “Race Relations Reporter,” among others.
 
Bernice Robinson attended the University of Wisconsin Center for Action on Poverty Technicians Training Program and accumulated a variety of records that pertain to this program. This education led to Robinson’s employment with Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)–better known today as AmeriCorps Vista–which is heavily documented, providing an insight into this organization’s early operations via job postings, monthly reports, correspondence with subordinates and volunteers, and project proposals.
 
Her church papers include materials regarding Old Bethel Methodist Church, Charleston, SC, and other various Methodist groups, and her papers documenting her relationship with arts groups contain a nearly complete script of Sea Island Song by Alice Childress. Other materials documenting Clark's association with social, health care and literary-related agencies include papers regarding the Septima Clark Day Care Center, and papers dealing with the handicapped. Her relationships with various schools cover institutions such as College Seven, University of California-Santa Cruz, Benedict College and Hampton University, including student papers submitted at Hampton regarding Saxon Elementary School, Columbia, SC, and materials documenting unrest at Allen University, Columbia, SC, and at Voorhees College, Denmark, SC. Photographs show Septima Clark, Poinsette and Clark family members, various functions, programs and events participated in by Clark and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, including teaching programs at various spots and the Charleston Hospital Workers’ strike.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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Colleton County Memorial Library Bookmobile Collection

Colleton County Memorial Library Bookmobile Collection

The Colleton County Memorial Library has provided bookmobile service since 1937, started by Isabel Patterson Heaton and Elma S. Rogers.  The library continues to provide bookmobile service to rural areas and child care centers throughout the county. This collection features photographs, scrapbooks, newspaper articles from The Press and Standard, and a Library Week guest book.

 

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Gertrude Sanford Legendre Papers, 1836-2000

Gertrude Sanford Legendre Papers, 1836-2000

Gertrude Sanford Legendre (1902–2000) was an American socialite who served as an OSS operative during World War II. She was also a noted explorer, big-game hunter, environmentalist, and owner of Medway plantation in South Carolina.

The collection includes scrapbooks of Gertrude’s travels and family life, loose photographs ranging in date from the mid to late 19th century to the 21st century (including slides, negatives, and multiple other formats), motion picture film, manuscript material including correspondence and business records, and a small amount of published material.
 

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Esau Jenkins Papers, 1963-2003

Esau Jenkins Papers, 1963-2003
Esau Jenkins (1910-1972) was born and raised on Johns Island, South Carolina. With very little formal education, he became a businessman and civil rights leader. Jenkins founded the Progressive Club in 1948, which encouraged local African Americans to register to vote, through the aid of Citizenship Schools, a topic he was educated in by his attendance at Highlander Folk Center in Tennessee. In 1959, he organized the Citizens’ Committee of Charleston County dedicated to the economic, cultural and political improvement of local African Americans.
 
Printed material, correspondence, photographic materials, and literary productions (1963-2003) document the life and works of Esau Jenkins (1910-1972). Writings holds miscellaneous correspondence and notes and printed versions of his talks and writings. Affiliations contains correspondence, brochures, notes, and other data on variety of organizations he helped found or was a member of, including the Progressive Club, Citizen’s Committee of Charleston, Community Organization Credit Union, Political Action Committee of Charleston County, Political Awareness League of Charleston County, and the Highlander Folks Center. Topics mentioned include the 1969 Charleston Hospital Worker’s strike, and the protested death of a young African American, Robert Brown, killed by a white policeman in 1970.
 
This collection was digitized and made freely available online through the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
 

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