Journal of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney's plantations, 1818-1819

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    List of negroes at Pinckney Island April 12th, 1818, Specifying how they work the present crop. At the Crescent [Full Hands] Billy (Driver), May, Quash, Cuffey, Sally, Gosport, Nanny, Abigail, Tobey, Hannah, Jasper, Jendry
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    Short Bob (Blacksmith), Charleywood Bob, Sylvia, Tim, Colia, December, August, Frank, Charlotte, Chloe, Davy, Isaac, Jack, Grace, Dago, Paul, Kitt, Molly
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    Harry, Tirah, York, Lucy, Jacob, Tom (Waggoner), Dick, Young Sambo, Gay, Pope. Three Quarter Hands Old Sam (Cooper), Tuck, Bob's Billy
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    Half Hands Affey, Congaree Molly, Old Lucy, Old Hannah, Dye, Mary, Sylvia's Ned, Abigail's Sanso, Nany's Sue, Abigail's Sarah, Phoebe's Daniel. Recapitulation of Field Hands Full Hands....40 3 Three-Quarter Hands equal to....2 1/4 9 [sic] Half Hands equal to.....4 1/2 [total] 46 3/4
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    Not workers in the Field Phoebe (waits on the overseer) Abraham (Carpenter) Sue (Nurse) Belinda (Assistant Nurse) Sanso (Blind) Old Sambo (Pretends to be crazy) Old Nanny (Aged) Children at the Cresent Phoebe's Children: Handy, Sophy, Nanny, Billy
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    Hannah's Children: Peggy, Phoebe, Toby. Tirah's Children: Marian, Hester. Charlotte's Children: Sandy, Jack, Gosport, Smart, Frank. Abigail's Children: Colia
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    Dead Binah's Children: Plenty, Morris, Jason. Sylvia's Children: Peggy, Tener. Nanny's Children: Jackey, Bob, Lisette, Nat, London.
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    Sally's Children: Sam, Temmy, Doll, Charles, Dianna, Hannah, Nancy. Dye's Children: Will, Molly, Joe, Sam.
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    Chloe's Children: Hector, Sylvia. Hannah Molly's Children: Grace, Jasper, Tom. Lucy's Children: March, Dago. Grace's Child: Tim (died soon after the list was taken).
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    Summary of the Negroes at the Cresent Full hands....40 Three Quarter Hands....3 Half Hands....9 Not workers in the Field....7 Children....46 [Total] 105
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    At the Old Place Full Hands Tom (Driver), Jendry, Beck, Peggy, Quaco, Quaco's Hester, Ned's Sarah, Simon, Currey, Fortimore, Bob, Rose, Will's Sarah, Anthony, Anthony's Sarah,
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    January, Lena, Handy, Handy's Hester, George, Lucy, Amey, Abram, Liddy, Dick (Blacksmith), Nancy, Peter, Mary, Sarah's Hester, Tibby, Jason (Waggoner), Jason's Liddy
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    Stephen, Flora, Jendry's Peggy, Molly, Scipio, Adam, Cupid's Ned, Rina's Abram, Daniel, Lucy's Jendry, Lucy's Caesar, Fortimore's Rina, Sandy (Miss Harriot's),23 Smith. Three Quarter Hands Old Ned
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    Will, Peter, Dido. Half Hands Cyrus, Old Rina, Tommy, Amey, Rina's Caesar, Lena's William, Morris
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    Recapitulation of Field Hands Full Hands....46 4 Three Quarter Field hands equal to....3 7 Half Hands equal to....3 1/2 Not workers in the Field Phyllis (waits on the overseer and Poultry Minder) Tener (Nurse) Morris (Carpenter) Fortune (Carpenter) Blinking Mullatto [mulatto] Molly (waits on the overseer's youngest child.)
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    Old Hester (Aged) Portius (Aged) Children at the Old Place Jendry's Children: Affey (Poultry Minder) to go into the field and Mullatto Molly to mind Poultry instead, Solomon, Beck, Phoebe. Beck's Children: Prince to go into the field, Mary, Elliott. Lucy's Children: Dye to go into the field, Daphne.
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    Rose's Children: Lina waits on the overseer, Sylla and Betty twins, Phyllis, (Rosa a daughter born April 30th). Lena's Children: Nelly to go into the field, Patty, Bina, Sampson, Richard, January. Amey's Child: Murriah The property of Wm. Pinckney's Estate as is also Amey's son, Peter.
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    Peggy's Children: Toney, Cupid, Dinah. Handy Hester's Children: Bristol, Linda, Tener, Bella. Sarah Hester's Children: Ansil, Joe, Minda
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    Tibby's Children: Auba, Nanny. Ned's Sarah's Children: Kitt, Peter. Liddy's Children: John, Sylvia.
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    Quaco's Hester Children: Dick, Katey. Molly's Children: Lucy, Sam. Nanny's Child: Tener
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    Summary of the Negroes at the Old Place Full Hands....46 Three Quarter Hands....4 Half Hands....7 Not workers in the Field....7 Children....43 [total] 107 Negroes at the Point Nancy Dairy Woman (aged) Phyllis Jo (belonging to Miss Eliza) Lena (Phyllis's child) Cupid Tener Congaree Jendry Minny Workers in the Garden Landen William Workers in the Garden and Cattle Minders Nine at the Point
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    Negroes at Pinckney Island April 12th 1818 At the Cresent....105 At the Old Place....107 At the Point....9 Total....221
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    April 6th. Left Charleston in the Steamboat with my daughters at 6 o'clock this morning. April 7th. Arrived at the Island about nine o'clock this morning. Sent the Boat a Drum fishing and caught 7 Drum. Gave a Drum to each of the overseers and one among the fishermen. April 8th. Sent the small yawl a fishing with George, Handy and Little Abram from the Old Place and York and Dago from the Cresent; they caught four dozen shrimps27 for bait last night and 14 Drum fish to-day. Gave two to the fishermen. April 9th. The fishermen caught 3 dozen shrimps as bait last night. Captain Bythewood28 landed the ar- [articles]
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    -ticles [articles] from Charleston, this morning. Took out of the storeroom over the Kitchen 8 hams, 4 shoulders and 8 sides and out of a box in the Smoke House 1 ham and 3 shoulders and hung them all up to smoke. Mr. Cannon sent to-day the meat of three hogs (with the Hog's Lard well-cured). Mr. Johnston sent to-day the meat of three hogs (with the Hog's Lard) well-cured.29 Put the whole in boxes in the store room over the Kitchen. Mr. Johnston sent yesterday one dozen fowls, four dozen eggs and one half bushel of corn for the pigeons. Mr.Cannon sent yesterday 2 fowls and one dozen and one eggs. Sent Captain Rogers of the Steam- [steamboat]
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    -boat [steamboat] a Cauliflower, three white brocoli and a Drum fish. He requested another which was fresher and my brother gave it to him. Gave three to the fishermen and one to each of the overseers. Twenty-three were in the whole caught. April 10th. The fishermen caught fourteen Drum. Gave two to the fishermen. April 11th. Gave to the negroes of each plantation 14 heads, 19 backbones and 37 sides of Drum fish. Mr. Cannon sent a dozen and eight eggs. The fishermen caught 15 Drum. Gave the fishermen two Drum. April 12th. Gave to the Negroes of both plantations and at the
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    Point, pipes, tobacco and salt. April 13th. The fishermen caught 10 Drum fish. Gave one to each of the overseers. April 14th. Gave to the Negroes of each plantation 6 heads, 17 sides and 6 backbones. Took up two cows to feed last night. In the whole five are milked at present which gave yesterday 6 quarts of milk. The fishermen caught 4 Drum. The week of Handy and Young Abram from the old Place, and York and Dago from the Crescent, finished this evening. April 15th. Cupid's Abram and Ned
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    rom the Old Place and Kitt and Dick from the Cresent commenced today fishing for Drum. The fishermen caught five Drum fish. Gave one be tween them. April 16th. The two cows that are taken up and fed gave four quarts last night and five quarts this morning. The three cows not fed gave four quarts this morning. Sent Captain Rogers a very large head of brocoli. Sent the Egyptian raked barley to the overseer. Mrs. Johnston sent 2 dozen eggs. The fishermen did not catch a
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    single fish to-day. The two cows at the pen gave three quarts and a pint to-night. Killed a lamb to-day. April 17th. Sent Captain Talbird a hind quarter and a large head of brocoli. Sent another hind quarter between Mr. Cannon and Mr. Johnston. The two cows at the pen gave four quarts and a pint this morning. The three cows out gave three quarts and a half pint. The fishermen caught five Drum to-day. Gave one between them, and one to each of the overseers. April 18th. The two cows fed at the pen gave five quarts of milk this morning. The three cows out gave four quarts. There was a great deal of thunder, lightning and hail last
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    night. The fishermen caught six Drum to-day. Gave one among them. April 19th. Gave to the Negroes of each plantation 12 sides, 8 backs and 2 heads. April 20th. Mr. Johnston sent a pair of fowls, a pair of chickens and a dozen eggs. Mr. Cannon finished to day planting at the Cresent. There he has planted : Cotton...146 Acres Corn...80 Acres Sweet Potatoes...10 Acres Oats...25 Acres Irish Potatoes...near 2 Acres April 21st. The fishermen caught five Drum fish none with Roes. The
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    steam boat did not pass from Charleston to day. April 22nd. Gosport and Quash from the Cresent and January and Bob from the Old Place are the fishermen for the ensuing week. The Cresent fishermen caught three dozen shrimps last night and the Old Place fishermen one dozen. The fishermen caught only three Drum. Gave one among them and one to Captain Rogers of the Steam Boat. April 23rd. The two cows that are fed gave six quarts this morning. The three cows unfed gave four quarts. The fishermen caught no Drum. April 24th. The fishermen caught no Drum, but one Turtle. The weather still continues cold.
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    April 25th. The fishermen changed their situation to-day to the Northward of the Devil's Elbow,32 but still caught no Drum. The weather continuing cool but not as cool as it was. Mr. Wells, agreeably to my desire, sent his bill amounting to $7.54 3/4. Sent his son Mr. Jas. E. P. Wells (who came to Mr. Johnston's) by Tom the Waggoner $7.56 1/4 in full to this day April 27th. The weather is milder this morning. The thermometer 65 [degrees] at 8 o'clock this morning. The two cows who are fed gave seven quarts of milk this morning. The three others four quarts, a pint and half a pint. The fishermen caught
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    16 Drum and a Bass. Gave two to the fishermen. April 28th. The fishermen caught 15 Drum. Gave them two. April 29th. Gave to the negroes of each plantation this morning 10 heads, 11 backs and 28 sides of Drum fish. Cuffey and Sambo from the Cresent and Adam and Caesar from the Old Place began fishing to-day. The two fed cows gave six quarts this morning and the three out cows gave four quarts and a pint. Mr. Cannon sent one dozen eggs. Tener brought two chickens. The fishermen caught 8 Drum. Gave one to Captain Rogers, one to themselves and one to each of the overseers. April 20th. The fed cows gave
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    four quarts last night and six quarts and a pint this morning. The three cows not fed gave four quarts and pint this morning. The fishermen caught twenty Drum. Gave them three. The fed cows gave five quarts of meat [milk] to night. Mr. Johnston has sent this evening the following account of the crop planted at the Old Place this year: On Harry Young's Old ground....47 Acres New ground of 1817....23 Acres New ground of 1818....16 Acres Total Cotton on Harry Young's....86 Acres
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    On Pinckney Island Pasture Land....30 Acres New ground of 1816....20 Acres New ground of 1818....10 Acres Old ground....5 Acres Total Cotton on Pinckney Island....65 Acres Cotton on Harry Young's....86 [acres] Cotton on Pinckney Island....65 [acres] Total Cotton at Old Place....151 [acres] Corn for two ploughs....42 Acres Corn for the hoes. 40 [acres] Total Corn....82 Acres Sweet potatoes....10 Acres Irish Potatoes....2 Acres Oats planted and slips to be planted about....23 Acres Total....35 Acres
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    Crop at the Old Place Cotton....151 Acres Corn....82 [acres] Potatoes, Oats and slips....35 [acres] Total crop at the Old Place....268 Acres Finished planting the 30th April except a few acres for the plough. May 1st. Caught 13 Drum. Gave two to the fishermen. May 2nd. Caught 7 Drum. Gave Captain Rogers one and the fishermen another. May 3rd. Gave to the negroes of each plantation 13 heads, 17 Backs and 32 sides of Drum fish. And as no rum (on account of my sickness)
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    was given to them at Christmas; gave three gallons of rum to each plantation this day. The wind has blown very hard from the Northwest last night and to day. May 4th. A fine mild day. Killed a lamb from the Old Place. Gave a hind quarter between the overseers. The fishermen had not a bite to day. May 5th. The fishermen caught only one Drum. May 6th. My neice [niece], Mrs. Frederick Rutledge arrived on the Steam Boat. The fishermen caught three Drum. May 7. My brother, General T. Pinckney,
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    [Pinckney] my sister, Fanny and Mrs. Drayton arrived just as we had sat down to dinner. The fishermen caught eight Drum. Gave one to them and one to each of the overseers. May 8th. Mrs. Rutledge left us in the Steam Boat. The fishermen caught three Drum. Gave one to Captain Rogers. May 9th. Killed a lamb from the Old Place and gave a hind quarter to the overseers. Received from the Old Place a pair of geese and a pair of Ducks. Caught six Drum. Gave one to each of the overseers and one to
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    the fishermen. May 10th. Gave tobacco, pipes, salt and fish hooks to the Negroes of both plantations and at the Point. My brother's carriage and horses were sent over to Mr. Robertson's. May 11th. My brother, Mrs. Pinckney and Miss Drayton left us after breakfast this morning. The fishermen caught five Drum and a turtle. Gave one Drum to the fishermen. May 12th. The fishermen did not go for shrimp last night and therefore only caught to day
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    two Drum fish. May 13th. The fishermen caught only one Drum. May 14th. Gave Mr. Cannon sixteen dollars to pay for 4000 shingles to complete the shingling of his house, and advanced him fifty dollars in part of salary for the present year. At the same time advanced Mr. Johnston sixty dollars in part of salary for the present year. Caught no Drum to-day and gave over fishing for the season.
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    May 15th. Advanced Mr. Johnston fifteen dollars more. May 16th. The Wild Horse came to the Point to carry my daughter and self on board the Steam Boat.
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    Dec. 13th. Arrived with my daughter in the steam boat last night at eight o'clock. We found in our house people who had arrived there the Friday evening before in Captain Bythewood's schooner. Found at the Point from the Old Place 8 fowls, 4 Ducks, 2 turkeys, one dozen and four eggs and a basket of sweet potatoes. Dec. 14th. Five fowls were sent from the Cresent. Dec. 15th. Jendey and Josey arrived last night. The Jersey wagon and horses were at the Fording Island. Bedford died on the road. The Jersey Waggon and horses came over to the Island to day. The Steam Boat passed on its
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    return to Charleston. Wrote by it to Messrs. Kershaw and Lewis. Captain Bythewood arrived off the Island. Sent by him 23 bales of cotton, 12 from the Cresent and 11 from the Old Place. Ordered them to be shipped to Mr. Earle at Liverpool by the first opportunity.
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    Drum Fish caught in 1818 Drum Fish Hard Roes April 7th...7...1 April 8th...14... 1 April 9th...23...2 April 10th...14...3 April 11th...15...0 April 13th...10...0 April 14th...4...1 April 15th...5...0 April 16th...none...O April 17th...5...1 April 18th...6...4 April 20th...none...0 April 21st...5...0 April 22nd...3...0 April 23rd...none...0 April 24th...none...0 April 25th...none...0 April 27th...16 and a Bass...4 April 28th...15...3 Carried over...142...20
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    Brought over...142...20 April 29th...8...2 April 30th...20...6 May 1st...13...4 May 2nd...7...3 May 4th...none...0 May 5th...1...0 May 6th...3...0 May 7th...8. ..2 May 8th...3...0 May 9th...6...1 May 11th...5...0 May 12th...2...0 May 13th. ..1...0 May 14th...none...0 [total]...219...38
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    Crop made in 1817 at the Old Place Bales Sent to town...11 Ginned supposed...4 Unginned supposed....5 Yellow supposed....3 [Total]...23 Yet Mr. Johnston says Mrs. Langley's negroes made 240 bales while each of mine did not make half as much.
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    Left in the store room over the Kitchen: 10 Gammons, 8 Flitches, 4 Hams.
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    Crop made in 1818 Sent by Captain Bythewood (Dec. 15, 1818) Cresent Old Place White Cotton 12 Bales 11 Bales Sent by Captain Bythewood. (Jan. 12, 1819) 18 Bales 11 Bales
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Title:
Journal of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney's plantations, 1818-1819
Creator:
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth
Date:
1818-1819
Description:
Journal entries on pages interleaved in Hoff's Agricultural Almanac (1818). Includes personal and plantation entries by Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1818 April 6-May 16, with a few scattered entries in late 1818 and early 1819). The journal records daily activities on Pinckney's plantation. Pinckney not only planted cotton, sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, corn, and oats, but relied heavily on fish for food. Many daily entries record the number of drumfish caught and the share of the catch (and other items) distributed to slaves. Other entries concern milk cows and curing meat. Several pages of the journal contain a list of slaves at "The Crescent," "the old Place," "the Point," and Pinckney Island.
Collection:
Journal of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney's plantations, 1818-1819
Contributing Institution:
College of Charleston Libraries
Media Type:
Manuscripts
Personal or Corporate Subject:
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, 1746-1825
Topical Subject:
African Americans--South Carolina--History, Agriculture--South Carolina, Fishing--South Carolina, Plantations--South Carolina, Slaves--South Carolina
Geographic Subject:
South Carolina--History--1775-1865, Pinckney Island Plantation (S.C.)
Language:
English
Shelving Locator:
Journal of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney's plantations, 1818-1819
Material Type:
image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications:
750ppi, 24-bit depth, color, Epson Expression 10000XL, Archival Masters are tiffs.
Copyright Status Statement:
Digital image copyright 2011, The College of Charleston. All rights reserved. For more information contact The College of Charleston Library, Charleston, SC 29424.