The Diary of Charles Drayton I, 1791-1798

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    Diary - 1791 January 1. The face of the ground is yet covered with Snow 2. Ground appears Sloop sailed with 22 barlls. of rice of S. Deas Sheep began to yean 3. Snow over much of the ground. W. frost over the bared parts. Second ewe yeaned 5. Went to Bob. Savannah 6. Returned 7. Snow is yet in shaded places. Went to town 8. Returned 11. Departed for the Assembly at Columbia Sent to D.h. from P.S at Goose creek sundry flowering plants - viz. Pomegranates for fruit, [and] double flowers. Sweet scented shrubs. Roses, red yellow. Laurel, black berries, i,e. wild double olive. Honey suckles evergreen . Mulberry . Lolack Almon double flowering - Tuberose roots. double fl. Holy-hock. Yucca. Total 13 Genea
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    January - 12. Keen wind [and] frost Proceeded - to Monks corner, 16 miles from G.creek bridge. or 32 from Charleston. Road bad. Passed a branch of cooper river at Biggin bridge. arrived at General Moultries, 11 miles fro M.corner. Road good. Traveling rate 4 1/4 M. an hour. 13. Left. Genl. M. at 9.15 Min. Arrived Eutaw springs 12:40. M. Rate of travelling - 6 miles. Dined there Arrived at W. Bulls in 3. hours 14 M. 14. Arrived with E. Rutledge at his house at the Precipice on Congaree river, in 6 hours Distance 30. M. Rate 5.M 15. Explored with my Landlord [and] Mr. Van Hassalt ravages his adjacent lands: by water Labourers breaking Hemp. easy. No coughs arising therefrom; as it is done in the open field where it is Stacked. V.H. directed how to make [and] where to place Facines 16. Rained all day 17. Clear. cold wind. Left the Pr. Passed thro the Swamp 5.M. in 1 hr.55.Min. From Swamp to our Quarters at Log hall is 15. M. in 2 3/4 hours. Total 20.Miles. in 4.h.40Min. 18. Took my Seat in the Legislature. - Maria Middleton Manigault died!
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    February 19. The Assembly - adjourned to Novr. 20. Arrived at Cambden. Ferry 2/10 21. Tavern bill 0.1.10.9 [pounds]- Left Cambden at 12. Arrived at Stateburg at 5. p.m. distance 22.M. 22. Dined at B. Warings 23. Went to see my Tenants on the Waterre river, about 5 M. from the Burrough. Lodged with my Tenant Ripley Singleton while I staid to see the Shad fishing on my Banks. 24. The Shad fishing commenced. The Season I am told lasts about 6. weeks: [and] the shores are crouded with the adjacent white inhabitants, who are numerous Strong [and] healthy. A fresh set of them suceeds daily the former. Examined the Machinery of the Pumps [and] Vats of W. Huger near Cooks Mount. The building on the mount is in ruins. Alas! Time past! Ross I was told was cultivating its lands on the other side of the river. Dined [and] lay at Mr. Irvines on the lands of Mr. Chesnut my neighbour. 25. Saw the Shad fishing. They are excellent delicate fish. Supped at Singletons.
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    February NB. General Sumpter has ordered the road to Bates, landing shut up. To get a Sein Twine 100 lb Strand - at 1/8 Rope, for the Sein 50 Fath - 1 Inch 50. do. 3/4 do. to drag 50. do. Lead 40 lb. The Netting costs as much as the twine Alum Salt always in demand at 4/8 Cash Rum - ordinary - 8 Shads for 3Ps. Half barrels for pickled Shad - i,e Staves 3 feet, head 18 Inches. 26. Gave to Singleton 1.5 [pounds] to get Salt from Cambden - at 4/8 pr. Bl 27. Drew up a Petition to the County court To establish a road from ye road leading from Stateborough to Cambden, to Bates's landing. To be Signed at the Fishery. Slept at Mr. Hoopers at the burrow 28. Dined at my Tenants, Sylvester. Slept at Hoopers.
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    March 1. Gave Singleton a Note for 50.0 [pounds] for a Waggon, gear, [and] 4 horses. Bought Sundries of Singleton as by the list with Sylvester. Paid for them out of Singletons rent. - viz. 46.19.4 [pounds]. NB. Wanted at the Waterree Plantation - 20 yd. of even thread best Osnabrugs or brown linen 500 pump tacks - 500 - 4d. Nails 1. Jug of train oil. 1. pair of Mill Stones - 10. Indico hooks - Iron [and] Steel for the ploughs. NB. Waterree boats are to be seen at Beals wharf Finished a written agreement with R. Singleton. He is to supply me with ten taskables until January 1. 1793. at 10 Guineas each Pr. An. Dined [and] slept at Mr. Warings. 2. Left Warings near XI. a.m. At Jacks creek mistook the way on the right to Manigaults ferry where the highland road is good [and] that thro the swamp is tolerable - but proceeding Strait on passed a very bad road leading to Nelsons ferry. Slept at a private house about 7 M. from N.ferry. The family, myself, [and] servant, all slept in the same [and] only room in the house.
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    March 3. Proceeded toward N. ferry. To the Swamp is 4 miles [and] took 3 hours to get there: - [and] got thro the Swamp 3.M. in 1 - 45 M: during which, we waded thro 8 places of water occupying near half of the road: - [and] so deep, that in 2 places, [and] one of great extent, the water reached to the roots of the horses tails tho above 15. hands high almost the whole way. Those places were all regularly poled at the bottom, but there was no security or direction to keep travellers from getting off them into the ditch. Thus I was near 5 hours travelling 7 Miles. Left the ferry (ferriage 2/8) at 12 [and] arrived at Gl. Moultries about 5 p.m. 4. Arrived, via Strawberry ferry, at P.S. at Goose creek. The latter part of the road only to be walked. 5. Arrived at D. hall 7. Went to town for my Children 20. Cucumbers at my table from hot bed 22. Reilly, bricklayer came to D. hall to place two oval windows into the two Pediments. 25. Reilly finished his work at mid day - See Nov.29 [and] Decr.1. He charged 6 days at 7/. at least 1/2 day too much. Paid 40/. Went to Mrs. Rutledge. Apoplexy. 26. Deer Strayed - Shot by J. Deas.
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    April 2. Mr. Garden dined here Placed the Piscatory in the lower Lake. Drew the Sein in the upper [and] placed in the P. Trouts 3 large [and] 3 small - Breams 20 - Mawmouth 1. Sent to Mrs. M. the corn she requested Sent Toby carpenter to Jehosse with 6 1/2 lb of 6d. nails 4. Coll. Trumbull the celabrated battle painter came too D.h. Took from the P. the largest trout [and] 5. breams. - Went to Cedar Grove 7. Frost. cold winds, West, a long while 10. From P. 8. breams. 12. T.M. [and] V.h. came From P. 1. T. 8 breams 13. Sent for to H.M. a Cedar grove Warm 14. Went from C. to Savannah. where they this day began to plant rice. viz in Deforme. 16. Went to Savaa. 17. Mrs. Anderson died with a fever from her Georgia Journey 18. Anderson had 3 bottles of rum [and] 1. of wine. 19. Streaked. Stanyarn fields for planting corn 20. Rain at last. 23. Quash finished the field fence from the Gate along the road [and] lane to the head of the lake. Rain
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    April 24. Glen [and] his family dined here. From P. trout 2. breams 6. 25. Anderson went to Georgia. Showery - moderate Turfing. Quash getting ports for the garden haha fence. 26. Van hassilt came. Smallest trout. Some rain Quash began new probing rail 28. Went to Jehosse 30. Sloop arrived at D. hall with 80. barrels of rice from Jehosse. May 3. Went to Parkers ferry: [and] there heard that General Washington President of the United States arrived yesterday in Charleston 4. Returned to D.hall To the Piscatory added trouts 13. Breams 56. NB. the dayly provision expended in Corn is [B.P.Q] 1.2.6. - that is, 11.3.2. each week 5. Went to Town 6. Presented to the President 8. Dined at Genl. Moultries with the President 10. Returned to D.h. R.Z. the elder dined here Took from P. trout 1. Breams 12.
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    May 12. Tim arrived at Savaa. - Rain. 14. Went to Savaa. Sent to Toby at Jehosse by Culliatt 200. 20d. nails lb- [and] tow. [and] Tobys caulking irons 15. Went to Goose creek. P.S. 17. Planted some pease in Lodge fd. T.M. came From P. trouts 2. Bream 6 NB. 8 died 18. From. P. 4 breams. 1 dead NB. Water Salt. 19. Much rain. Oats begin to shoot into Stalks 20. Went to Pratilla 21. Cape Jasmine 1st. flower blown. Corn from Sava. 8 1/2 bushels by June. 22. T. Fullers family [and] Miss Butler dined here Trout 1. Breams. 5. NB. found 1 trout [and] 10 breams dead Killed lamb 23. Mrs. T.M. [and] children came. 24. From P. 1. trout. 6 breams Melon, the first from the foot bed. 25. T.M. came. 26. Corn provisions grown scanty. Wrote to V - toux for 300 bushels to last to Octr. 1. From P. trout 2 - breams 6 27. TM [and] family returned or went home. Provisions of corn used daily is [B.P.Q.] 2.1.3 - full for Man but not for horse.
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    June 1. Sunflower blown 5. Received Corn from Savaa. 4 barrels say 14 bushels. [and] by the Sloop from town 300 bushs. 8. Entertained the Club at Lodge grove Rye harvest began 9. One plough 1/2 day in Rr. field. Earth heavy from the almost constant rains since May 19. 13. O.Vale. hoeing finished by hoes. Sloop left D.h. with 91. barrels of rice Transplanted. rice into the marsh at the end of the garden - [and] planted therein also a few hills of cotton Sent Teissells jug to town for Rum. by Tim. 14. Went with the children to Cedar grove. 17. Returned to D. transplanted a few rows of Dry land rice. NB. It flourishes well at M. Place in a high dry gravel Soil. 18. Figs at table 20. Went to Savaa. 23. Mrs. Blake dined at D. Piscatory. took 1. trout 4 Breams. NB. they were fine: [and] placed in the P. May 4. Young corn at table: first time. 26. Watermelon, first. 28 Went to town 30. Returned. The Saltness of the water in the lower lake killed the fish. Removed the P. into upper lake.
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    July 1. Sowed in the garden 118 Olive Stones sent in earth from France by Mr. Jeffersons directions for the S. Carolina Agriculture Society . All failed. 2. the Capes last flower began to open. the first was on May 21. Thus it continues in bloom about 6 weeks. 4. transplanted rice in the Marsh Dined at Pratilla Began to cast rice from Bob-Savannah 6. Went to town 9. Returned. 11. Went to town. 12. Finished carting all the rice from Bob-Savaa. 16. Returned to D. hall 21. on about this day the Carpenters began to erect Seatfolding [and] drawing Shingles [illegible] in order to cover the roofs of the Offices with Shingles
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    August 1. Went to Town 5. Returned. Began the first sowing of turnep seed. - on the cowpenned part of the hill 9. Sloop went to town with a load of corn blades 13. Sloop returned NB. the blades by Andersons Acct. weighed 2500 lb. of which 1000 lb were new blades; at 4p - the old at 4/6. The Sloop tho larger than the pettiauger does not carry half as much because she is decked. 19. Had a most gentle fever for 3 or 4 hours 21. Do. 22. Anderson drunk from the 10. to this day 26. Maria had a moderate fever 28. Do. do. 29. Went to town 30. McLeod the 2d portion of turnep seed on the hill
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    September 5. Harvest of Rice began at Jehosse 10. Do. at Bob-Savannah 12. Culliatt came to get some reaping assistants for Jehosse. 13. Sent with Culliatt 2 Guns of D.hall. [and] 8 labourers from Savannah. 14. Began the first gathering of the 2d crop of Pease that yields two crops in one Summer, from two plantings. The Carpenters finished the roofs of the two Offices - [and] went from D. hall to Savaa. NB. Besides the old nails from the roof they had of new Nails of 20 - 8lb of 10 - 8 - of 6. 2 1/2 of 4 - 35.lb Total 53 1/2 15. The Carpenters went to Jehosse sent to Savannah from D. hall to supply those who went to Jehosse Jack. Jess. Kate. Exeter 16. Threshed Rye to Sow 20 Harvest began at Savaa.
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    October - verte
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    1791 - October 6. Went to town with Charlotte [and] Maria Plowed rye field the 3d. [and] 4th times Harrowed Sowed [and] covered with the harrow 4 1/2 bushels of Rye 13. Went to Town with Henrietta [and] Charles Harvest at Sava. finished to about an acre in scattered places 16 [see note below] 17. Went with a party in the Sloop to fish on the Sea coast 23. Returned to D.H. - White frost, first Informed of a tresspass by Mrs. Fergusons people. having cut off much wood - viz 3 boat loads, each containing 9 cords of wood sent to town. 4 cords at Mrs. Fs. landing 14. cords. corded on my land ready to be carried off. Cut Down Henrietta - slight fever. 24. W. frost. Went to town w. Henrietta Corn. 33 baskets in Shuck yielded 13.3.0. Neat. NB from every field Bin, took 1. basket for every load. [Notes] Racked off the Quarter cask of brandy - bought for 10 Gallons but ran about 11. gallons
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    October - 25- Went to the wedding of my Neice Mary Drayton Henrietta [and] myself had 2 or 3 gentle attacks of fever whilst in town - so slight as not to confine us to the bed. November 3. Returned to D.hall 16. Went to Jehosse 20. Cloathed the Negroes at Jehosse 21. Returned to D. 24. Lord Wielham called at D. 25. Frost. Went to town 29. Returned
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    December 2. Departed from D. to attend the Legislature at Columbia 6. At Manchester - Snowed abundantly 11. Arrived at our Quarters, Loghall. 12. Took my seat in the Assembly 20. The Assembly adjourned until Novr. next. 21. Began my journey homeward. 23. Arrived at D. 24. Arrived at Mrs. M - in town where my children were during my absence.
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    Diary 1792 4. Returned from C-ton to D.hall Went to Savannah to clothe the Negroes Tim took in at Stono 350 1/2 barls rice for Jo. Wilson [and] 40 bls. for Estate of Parsons - 9. Samuel Burges took charge of the Sloop, [and] sailed from C-ton for Jehosse. NB. Made the same agreement with Tim as with Bramhall - See Diary of Plantations. 10. Went to C-ton 21. Sloop arrived at C-ton with 80 bars. rice from Jehosse 22. Returned to D.hall. 25. Sloop at Stono for Jehu Willsons rice. viz 31. whole [and] 86 half 26 Went to C-ton 30. Sloop arrived in town with 31. barrels [and] 86 half barrels of rice, belonging to Jeu. Wilson NB. 24 May T. Middleton surveys with Surveyor parish [illegible] to [illegible] [and] the line [illegible]
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    Februrary 2. Returned to D. hall 3 [see note below] 7. Eliza Middleton! 8. Went to Bob Savannah 10. Went to Jehosse 11. The Pettiauger arrived at D.hall with the 2d. load of the hogs - viz. 8 - forming together 17 - 14. Arrived at D.hall. NB. Leander returned in the Pettiauger from coopering at Jehosse. June returned the 11. from ploughing at Savannah with his boy He went there the latter end of Novr - last on begining of December. Sowed 1 1/2 acre of Rye in River field the 14 Sowed Oats in the garden lawn the 17. 16. Went to C-ton 18. Returned home - Kit came from Jehosse with three horses for the plough. Yesterday one of the Jehosse oxen choaked with the corn shucks [Notes] [and] brought the 6 Jehosse open, [and] 2 from Savannah to plough. took from the Cellar - 1 Case bottle hallons of old Sherry - 1. do. New do. - 1. do. Sweet do. 1. do. Maderia - Porter 6 bottles Claret 5. bottles -
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    February 20 of the Hyacynth roots put in the flowering glasses in Novr. the first of the flowers bells expanded this day. NB. Observe how much sooner it is, than those in the garden [see note below] 24 [see note below] 27. June began to break up the ground near the Magazine for Oats - [and] to train one of the Island horses to the plough 28 About 9 A.M. A shower of hail was followed by a fall of Snow, which continued until five in the evening [and] covered the earth 13 inches deep. 29 A clear warm day - but little of the snow remained by night in sheltered places. - Ashley bridge broke down yesterday evening NB. It was first passable for horses [and] carriages July 17. 1790: [and] T. Middletons carriage was the first that passed. The destruction of the piers was by the worms; some of which were about 2 feet long. Hence it will not last sound more than 18 or 20 months. [Notes] They are about three weeks sooner [and] see March 12. 24 Good old Vangelder died aged about 90. Straight as an arrow [and] hearty until a few weeks before he died.
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    March 2 Cucumbers from hot bed, Table 6 Went to Savannah - The Sloop at the public landing - to proceed as soon as he gets a barrel of tar, to Jehosse 7 Transplanted early york cabbages - for market McLeod says. 11 see below [see note below] 12 the first blown Hyacynths reared in water glasses is now evidently on the decay 14 Went to Savannah. The fences being all repaired - the operations of planting began this day by listing beds for corn. Dogwood blowing White Mare foaled 2 or 3 days ago. [see note below] [Notes] Sent from D.hall the following negroes to reside at Savannah [and] at Jehosse. viz. At Savannah, Sue [and] her children Kate [and] Jack - also Letty [and] her child - also belonging to the estate of W-H.D. Grace [and] her children Joany [and] Ned. At Jehosse Jenny, to be followed by her husband Ishmael, also their children Abraham Phoebe [and] Hannah. Also from Savaa. to Jehosse Kit [and] his wife Rinah. a colt by Briton
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    March 14 Yesterday evening Cimon [and] his son, [and] Ben Carpenters arrived at Savannah to erect some negroe houses: having compleated the fence, of mortoised posts with rails, from the head of the lake by the publick lane [and] along the Lane to the river 17. Double flower Almond, Pear [and] apple trees began to bloom [and] the red bird or Judas, Yellow Jassmine, Hyacynths, turmeric in full blow, night shade, Violets 20 see below - 21 Went to Jehosse with Mrs. Van Hasselt. stacked the angles Ridging at the back landing for corn 22 Planted there, 22 Acres of corn 20 Sent Seaboy from D.hall to Bob-Savannah to begin immediately to carry the rice from thence to the landing. 24 Monday, cooper, died 26 Halesias, Shrub honey suckle, Sweet scented shrub, f. blown [and] Dog wood, Sweet scented Crab Returned to D. 27 Fire flies. Swallows. Chuck wills widdow. 30 Went to town. 31 Returned . Frazier declined receiving ferriage for Phatons Man [and] horse.
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    April 2. Began to use the first of the two barrels of small rice brought from Jehosse. Continental Bank opened in Charleston 14 Seaboy finished carrying rice from Bob-Savaa. to the landing: arrived at D.h with the Waggon [and] 14 oxen [and] the yokes [and] chains 17 Went to town with the 3. Girls from Pratilla 21. Returned to D.h. in the Phaeton. Hail in the morning. 22 Mrs. E. Rutledge died - also my Emanuel. 23 Went to town with 2 girls, from Pratilla. 26 Returned to Pratilla 27 Went to Savannah. Venus delivered there 26.
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    May 2. At Savannah 7 Went to C-ton in [illegible] Phaeton to E.R. Columbia. 8 Returned to D.h. in do. [see note below] 11 At Savannah 14 At Pratilla 15 At Jehosse 20 Lamb club commenced _I.F_WF_T.M 24 took from the Cellar one large case bottle of Maderia. Sherry. old. new. Porter T. Middleton came with his Surveyors Purcell [and] Fenwick. [Notes] 9 Sloop arrived at D hall, having delivered the Savaa. rice in C-ton, to be refilled. See the account of Carpenters.
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    June 1 The Sloops yawl returned form C-ton with Sugar Sloop to this day repairing, fitting cabbins [and] cockpit, tarring rigging [etc. etc.] - Sloop went from D.hall to town - there took in 200 bushels of corn for Jehosse Went with T.D. to C-ton in the Phaeton relative to G.D's affairs - 2 Returned All the carpenters went last night to Savaa. 5 two or three moderate Showers after long drought 6 Went to Sava. 7 transplanted cabbages - wether very dry [and] hot - Sent to Jehosse 5 Mares [and] 2. foals. 8 Lucy laid in at Sava. 12 Went to town - T.D went yesterday to meet G.D. 13 All the Carpenters went from Savaa. to Jehosse. 15 Began to Diet the negroes on pease in the field.
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    16 Returned home 17 At the request of Mr. W Drayton [and] Major Butler went to visit Mrs. Blake at her seat near Dorchester 18 Sheep sent from D.hall to Savannah total 18 - 21 Sloop arrived at D.hall with 75 barrels of rice from Jehosse Oat harvest at D.hall began 23 Began to put the Pease into the Barn. 24 Rained much for 2 or 3 hours at Mrs. Blakes, Newington 25 Returned from Newington to D.hall - where was no rain yesterday [and] but little on Saturday 26 Returned to Mrs. Blakes Corn at D.hall exhausted - had 1. bushel do. from Savaa. 28 Much rain thunder and lightning. Do. at D.hall yesterday. 30 The Carpenters returned from Jehosse to Savannah
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    July 1 The good [and] amiable Mrs. Blake died this morning about 4. Returned in the evening to D. hall. 2 2 Carpenters [and] Apprentices began to Grave [and] Caulk the Sloop. 3 Mrs. W. Drayton [and] her Mary Anne, with Mr. R. Izard came here from Newington 8. The Lamb club desisted. 9 Went to town to meet G.D. but did not 14 Returned to D. hall. Heavy rain about XI. for some hours. 16 Teisell Overseer at Long Sava. came to give an Account of the expenditure of his provisions which was all exhausted 2 or 3 days ago. viz - Novr. 13 They began to feed on the provisions in Store The Potatoe Slips lasted - 4 Weeks The Pease do. 4 - do. Of Corn 152 barrels were Stored each containing Neat corn 3 1/2 bushels - 532 bushs, which at 2 bushels a day for the Overseer, 44 Adults at 1. quart [and] 21. Children at 1. pint should last 38 weeks
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    total, suffiency of Provision for 46 weeks - that is from Novr. 13 1790 to Octr.: 2 - 1792. Hence as I borrowed 13 bushels of corn from thence there is a deficiencey of only Ten weeks - But [see note below] Also recd - a letter from Bob-Savannah - Burger saying that by the 28 he should be in want of provisions. Tho by his previous letter he had bought lately corn to last to Septr. 6. Measured or filled the 1/2 bushel with the Phaseolus or cow pea in the shell as corn is measured. It produced 2 quarts [and] one handfull. So that 8 bushels neat measure in the pod preduces one bushel neat grain 17 Heavy rain 19 Began to plough Lodge fd. for 2d. crop of pease Went to C-ton to prepare a amicable bill in Chancery agaist G. 22 Returned home 24 Rainy [Notes The deficiency is greater when we add 9 1/2 barrels say 95 bushels of damaged Jehosse rice used as provisions at 2 Bush daily - 47 day or [illegible] weeks more [illegible]
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    July 25 Sent to Sava - 7. bushels of corn [and] 3 1/2 of pease Went to Town to draw out the Bill for Chancery Rain at Savaa 27 Great rain all day. 29 Returned Hannah died at Jehosse 23 Ears of rice shooting out at Savannah 31 Siss Judys daughter laid in of a girl August 1. The horse Ruby disordered by a lodgement of Pease [and] the haulen in the upper part of his palate [and] nose Went to town Filed the Bill in the court of Equity 4 Returned home Ruby died this - morning with fever from the above lodgements which were there found 13 Burger Overseer came to explain his Corn Acct. Wee agreed that the provisions already furnished should last with full allow
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    August allowance to Sept. 6 - [and] that the 1/2 of the corn there growing would last a week more. i,e, To Sept 2. 1/3. [and] that a supply be sent to last to Novr. 1. 17 Glen returned from Coosawaie. 22 Sloop arrived at Savannah with corn 27 Went to Savaa. 28 Went to C-ton 29 Sloop arrived at D. hall with 58 bushels of corn orange tubs - Carpenters Stuff. NB. 140 bushels swelled to 142. September 1. Began to Harvest rice at Savannah Returned To D.hall. 5 Hay harvest began Killed a beef. NB. 3/4 consumed by Octr. 3. 8 Teisel by our Acct. has corn enough to last 17 or 18 days by giving half corn labouring days- half pumkins. Adults 44. Children 19. exclusive of 5 Carpenters 3 Boatm. 3 Quash began to make a pair of wheels for the chair, [and] finished them the 15 - i,e, 12 labouring days -
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    September 10 Ploughed up the Cowpen Began to plough up the Spring field for Rye-pasture - [and] finished it 13 12 the Cowpen removed - 14 Began to run thro the wind fan the last parcel of rice viz. 80 barrels - finished 15 Quash finished the Chair wheels - in 12 working days - 16 Ordered Burger to send from Bob-Sava. to Jehosie to assist their harvest, Pompey Nella, Sacey, Monday, January Charles - [and] if possible Sarah [and] Paris - NB. Sarah Staid 18 Finished winnowing the rice viz. 80.6 barrels from Jehosse - Tim Sailed with the rice for town XI. a.m. - This the last of the crop of rice 19 Went to C-ton with Henrietta 20 Carolina came to Mow 23 Returned with H. Sloop also returned. 28 Removed the Cowpen 29 Sowed turnips in the new cowpenned land Harvest Began at Bob.Savaa.
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    October 1 Weighed the hay taken from one acre of land of an Average quality. It weighed very fully 1780 lb. 2 Teisel sent the Sheep from Savaa. to D.hall viz 3. Ewes. Wedder. Ram 7. Lambs - viz. 5. Ewe 2. Ram 2. Wedders. rising 2 years 12. Thus 5 are lost while at Savaa. viz. 2 rams. 1. Wedder 2 Ewes - [and] 1. Wedder Sold. - See June 18. Sowed Spring field 4. Acres with 3.2.4. of Rye. 4. Went to town Sheep. 1 Ram. 6 Ewes came to D.h. from Jehosse. 7. Returned two Sheep of the old flock dead. viz. 9 Began to grave [and] caulk the sloop. Quash Toby. 3. boys 10 Finished graving etc. NB. one barrel of tar used [and] suffcient for the bottom to the water line - Began ploughing .S. lake fd. - My brother Glen had a slight attack of an Apoplexy.
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    October 11 This day [and] part of yesterday put on board the sloop 70.00 - lb of hay - viz below deck [and] in the cabbin 12 Sloop departed for C-ton 13 Ploughing 3.1.0. in S. lake fd. finished at X am. that is one Acre a day the ox plough. 17 Killed a Cow from Jehosse 22 Sent Will with the Phaeton to C-ton - whether went the family by water in the Sloop 25 Went from C-ton to Pratilla in the Phaeton. The fishing party went into the Sloop at Pratilla. 27 B. Villepontoux died 27. November 1. the fishing party relanded at Pratilla 2 Went from thence to Savaa. Teisels news of W. Taylor, W. Chapman, Geo. Ramilla robbing on the Plantation 4 Sylvester arrived at D.h 6 Went to town in the Ph. with servant [and] 2 horses Charlotte [and] Charles with fevers 11 Returned from town with the Children [etc.] 12 I had a fever in the night 13 Went to town. in Glens chair 15 Fever returned on me. 17 Returned 18 Abraham, carpenter, died 20 Placed Hyacinth in flower glasses on the chimney piece
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    November 21 Carpenters Toby Quash Cimon [and] Ben went to work at Bob. S. to repair Barn [and] Machine 24 Sent June, with his plough boys [and] Ploughs, to Savannah, to prepare to work two ploughs there on Monday next the 26. 26 Sent to Pollock by the Sloop 58.00 lb of hay. of which 55.00 for sale at 4/-11.0.0 [pounds] - Sowed E. York cabbage. seed 27 Departed for Columbia. December 2 Arrived at Stateburgh 5 Depositions relative to receivers of Stolen Indico 7 Left Stateburg. Arrived at quarters near Columbia 8 Took seat in the Senate house 21 Left Columbia 24 Arrived at D. hall - Dined yesterday at Mr. Wraggs - 25 Snowy Sky. Sowed E.York cab: seed 26 Do. - XI. am. drizly - [and] returns 27 snowy Sky - 4 p.m. Sleety rain for several hours 28 Rain [and] Sleet all day almost 29 Clear sun 30 Lakes thick frozen over. Clear sun
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    Diary - 1793 January 1. transplanted laurel shrubs. [and] Pear trees near the river - How thrive? both well Sowed pease, beans, cabbage 3 Went to Ashley hall 4 Will on horse went to C-ton. 5 Sleet, snow a very little - but covered the ground at M.place [and] farther back. 6 Will returned 8 Went to Jehosse - cloathed Negroes Sylvester brought 6 casks of Indico. 10 Went to Bob-Savannah to cloath the negroes. [and] gave blankets. 12 Returned to D.h. from T. Waring's. Doctor Warings hand mill for grinding rice, grinds one bushel in five minutes. 15 Sloop from Jehosse arrived at D. hall with 18. hogs 6. turkeys. 10 fowls. 4 doz eggs - 12 lb 18 butter. 50 barrels of rice. 2 do. of rough rice 2. of chaff - [and] 1. of rice flour. She left Jehosse the 10.
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    January 16 Went to see Miss Mann. She was first indisposed on the 11th. 17 Miss M. very dangerous 18 Miss M. in a dying situation Went to town 19 Returned. At the ferry heard Miss M. died yesterday afternoon 20 Burger, Overseer came 22 Burger went away Hyacinths - buds blowing. they were put into the root glasses, Novr. 20 24 Went to C-ton. Chair [and] horsen [illegible] 26 Returned. Chair. 2 riders. '4 horses. Club. - 28 transplanted E.York cabbages sown in Novr. NB. on table Ap. 7.
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    February 1 Set out to Appraise the estate of my late friend A. Middleton 3 Arrived at Combahee 10 left Combahee - [and] arrived at Mrs. Middletons at Ponpon 11 Appraised the Property there also - Total at those two places Negroes 625 - 22187.0 [pounds] Stock cattle [etc.] - 691.12 Arrived at Jehosse. windy. 12 Do. at D.h. or rather at T. Middletons - cold, rain. 13 Frost, Ice. Went to town. Phaeton. p.M. Children 4 - 2 Servants 2 riding horses. - Races. Red bird sings. Wormcasts numerous. 14 Sloop in town on freight 17 Windy. much dust flying. Left town. Went with General P. [and] family to Michaus garden near the ten miles house Yellow jasmine, Chickesaw plumbs - Judas or red bud in bloom. Veburnum tinus China green tea.
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    February 18 Quash came to D.h. from Jehosse, to meet Blackwall. Went to Savaa. 19 Began turfing the borders of some new walks Windy. Mr. Blackwall came Sloop left W. Fullers landg. 21 Went to M. place to qualify Appraisers. None came. Warm 23 Quash returned To Jehoe. - Sloop arrived at Savaa. 24 Jack the boy waiting on the Overseer at Sava came to D.h. with a broken arm [and] dislocated shoulder. This, from idly riding about the fields with the Ovs. Son. Mock bird, [and] Lark sing. Gave Ovr. Brown 15 dollars to buy hogs. 3 for him, [and] 2. for me. 25 Went to M. Place. Qualified the Appraisers. Warm.
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    26 Showery. mild. rain in the night 27 Mild. Went to Savannah. Dined at T.O. Elliotts. 28 Cold wind. Killed the Ox from Jehosse - Sent Jack with the Waggon to Bob-Savaa. To remove sundry negroes from there To work at the Waterree: [and] to carry to W. 2 barrs of iron, 2 of Steel - [and] Sylvesters barrel of Salt. Pear - flowers a few - [and] leaves do.
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    March 1 Ice. cold wind. 2 Cloudy. cold wind. 3 Sloop left T.M. with a load of his rice. Negroes set off from Bob-Savaa. for the Waterree. 4 Cloudy. mild. went to Sava. 5 Killed the Savaa. Ox. Brown the Sava. Overseer had 3/4 of it. Foliation proceeding fast Sowed seeds of Melons Water [and] Musk. 6 Planted Michaus plants [and] seeds Halesias [and] Sweet shrub. blog. Asparagus at table 7 Ploughed Garden lawn for Oats Pear trees [and] shrub honeysuckle blowing 8 Windy - cold rain p.m. 9 Went to town [and] returned - Chair [and] horseman. Finished transplanting the Cassina screens. Sloop arrived at Savaa. Tim says he was wind bound at the mouth of Stono branch from the 6. Had on board a run away wench. Roguery, idled the voyage? Fourteen acre fd. at Sava
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    Savaa. flowed from the Swamp 10 Cold. rainy raw - Renaud came. 11 Rainy, much. At Savaa. the 13. acre channel flowed from the Swamp. [and] the rest by rain. 12 Chickesaw plumbs formed Wild plum [and] crab apple in full budd Wind [and] rain by gusts. Brought from Savaa. the two remaining ba.ls of rice flour of Bob-Savaa. left there by Jack the 1. 13 Fair 14 Frost morning Dogwood, blowing Went to Town. Phaeton. 3 Child self on horse. 15 Play house - children 16 Returned home Sloop left Savaa. w. 65. bls. rice Rain in the night 17 Herrings in abundance now at Goose creek. Jack returned from Waterree. Wild plumb in full blow. Crab apple blowing - Rain, night. 18 Swallows appeared Dianah delivered . called Grace - Peartrees leafing Shrub honey suckle blowing full Sowed Melons in cowpen. Li Oak leaves falling.
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    March 19 Oats in garden lawn appear green. sown 7 days. 20 Went to town. Phaet. 3 Ch. 2. Serv. - self on horse 27 [see note below] 28 Returned Chuck - wills - widdow. sings 30 Went to Savannah. Overseer says but 280 bushls. of seed rice saved. But from information [and] suspicion I had it measured . It turned out 318 bushels measured - [and] perhaps 2 or 3 on the floor - Rogue! 31. Fire flies - W. plumb - fl. decayed - leafing - Savannah Locust, blowing [Notes] 25 Began to Waggon the rice from Bob-Savannah to the landing 27. Received provisions bought by the Factor. viz. Corn 9 1/2 bushels - Pease 8 1/2 do.
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    April 1 Church officers elected [and] dined at the Bridge. 2 Snakes appear 3 Fringe flowering Went to Prati [and] Pratilla. 4 Magnolia minor flowering [see note below] 5 Recd. 13. bushels rough rice Savaa. - 7 Pease [and] E York cabbages at table 8 Went to town. Chair. 1 riden horse. to meet Mrs. R.D. - arrived at bob-Sava. 8 Negroes from Savaa. 11 Returned 13 Walks, hoeing [and] 1st. mowing . 4 days Went to Savaa. Overseer not competent. 15 Yesterday the Sloop driven on shore loaded with the Bob Savannah rice. 16 Ring doves sing. Went to Wappoo, McLeod to know what assistance is required for the Sloop - [and] what should be done. 17. Went to Wappo. 18 Went to town. Chair. 1 horseman 20 Returned to D.hall. Quash from Jehosse Rain in night after much drouth. 21 Rain in night. Lychnis Viscora in bloome. Double fl. Pomgranete 22 Cloudy. showery. Quash sent to Sloop. transplanted Annual flowers Sowed seeds of Cauliflr. Brock - [etc.] [Notes] and scarlet honey suckle, Azala -NB. Azala's gone by the 18. Finished Waggoing rice 6 or 8th from Bob Savaa.
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    April 24 Went to Jehosse. [see note below] From D.hall to Stobo's house is 27. miles. Time of Journeying a few minutes less than 5. hours. 28 Went to Mr. Seabrooks on Edistow island 30 Began to plant indico in the tide land at Jehosse. May 1. Magnolia - White dwarf honey suckle - Stuartia in blow [and] Grapes. 3 Returned from Jehosse to D. hall. took up two Rafts of Timber passing Jehosse. 8 Sloop arrived at D.h. from town - with 2 1/2 doz hoes. 2blls. of damaged rice. 2. blls. of rough rice. 1/2 blls. flour - 6 Recd. from Sava 1. barrel [and] more of R. rice - 13 bushels. 2. barl. of corn - 17. bushels - 14 Dianah [and] Sess had 2 hoes bought last year- Sue July Prince [and] Emanuel had 4 [Notes] Gave June a plough line - ten yards.
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    May 4 hoes of the 6 bought in May - also 3 Scythe rubbers. Corallo-dendron has been blowing about a week past. Heavy showers yesterday [and] this day 15 Sloop lef D.h. for Sava. Went to Savaa. Took an Acct. of things - Disharged J. Brown the Overseer. Oats sown Mar. 12. in the garden lawn is shooting forth its Ears. 16 Seaboy brought from Savaa. 6 Cows 6 Calves 8 Oxen. 2 Heifers viz - 1. of 2 years [and] 1 of 3 years old - He says that 5 Heifers have already dropped, [and] 4 H. are to drop calves. 19 Culliatt came [see note below] 27 Js. Casey went to overlook the Plantation of Savannah 1.st Cowpen formed 28 Went to town. Chair. 1. servant 30 Sloop in town, with 100 blls. tim says, on freight. [Notes] 25 Sheared the Sheep. too late. do it in April. informing the provisions are out. proposes to use the seed rice as such agreed
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    June 1 Returned from town. Pears ripe 3 Went to Mrs. Elliotts to qualify freeholders to Appraise his rice fields - Sent 6 hoes to Bob Sava. 4 Do. 5 Began to diet the negroes on Irish potatoes - The allowance to Adults 2 quarts each day 7 At Jehosse 10 Left Jehosse - Went to Bob-Savaa. [and] from thence to home. 14 Plowed the Cowpen 17 Horses dieting on oats. [and] chopped Straw Berries at table yesterday. 22 Formed a 2. cowpen adjacent to the 1st. in lodge field 24 Carolina came to lay a Stall with brick Mush [and] Water melons at table. Flying Showers yesterday [and] this day. this day began to transplant cabbages for the winter use 27 The negroes began to diet on the early pease: the Irish potatoes being finished - 1/2 acre Mr. N. Heyward brought on the 25 rice in belly from Combahee [Notes NB. About 1/2 acres furnished the negroes 22 days. = 44 bushels. to the acre might yield 90 or 100. bushels.
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    July 164 1 Mowed the water lillies. The flowers were falling - [and] the seed vessels forming. 3 Ploughed about one acre of the oat lands to prepare it for cabbages to be attended with the Plough 4 Began to pull up the early field pea, the pods in general being ripe. To remain in the field two days to dry [and] then to be threshed. Sloop left Savannah with 7 cords of wood - [and] blades 25 bundles thence to proceed with Corn To Jehosse Peaches ripe. M.Melons als. NB. since the 24. W. Melons have continued daily - but no more M.M. till this day. 7 Jack went to town or horseback. Hived a swarm of Bees. - 8 Brought from Sava. to Dh. 6 oxen - [and] of 2 years old. 7 Steers 13. heifers - 1 bull. Total 27. 9 Went to Bob. Sava. [and] I. Wilson 10 from thence to Prati [and] to D.h. Jack returned. NB. Mr. Simons informed me on the 8. that the Sloop had lost her rudder - he arrived the NB. the boat loaded with wood on the deck. Leaks. Tim did not lay in here while at Sava. where she was neglected [and] so Strained in
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    July in the little creek. It is said Tim [and] Jack disagree [and] so thwart one the other. 12 Went to Savaa. Corn wanted. - [see note below] 15 Sultry - rain - do. 13 [and] 14. Sloop arrived at D.h. the 14. Tim [and] Jack ever varying [and] lost her rudder at Rantowles bridge Toby carpenter ran off - Transplanting cabbages in the garden. - [and] in the field being about 4000 to be attended with a hoe plough 23 Shifted to a 3 cow pen 26 Sloop departed for C-ton - 28 Toby returned 29 Simons informs, Sloop leaks 30 Sent Carpenters Quash Ben [and] Toby in the Canoe to the Sloop [Notes] Jack went on horseback to town [and] returned.
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    August 1 - Fever. Charlotte [and] Charles 3 Killed 2 year warly heifer 11 I had a fever 12 .Do. 19 Charles, fever 20 Went to town with the girls. by water - Falconi 22 the girls returned with Mr. Middleton by water 23 Well brought the chair and 2. horses to town 25 Returned home 28 Hay harvest began. NB. Mr. Bigelow began to mow his upland old meadow July 15. which in good Seasons has yielded at one Cut 2500. lb He gets 3 or 4. Cuttings.
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    September 2 Went to town in the Chair. 1. Atttendant. Brake in one acre of Corn Produce neat 9.2.6. 8 Returned 18 Had a slight fever 25 Went to town. Chair. 1. Attt. 28 Returned NB. the 17. June brake in one acre of Corn. Produce 8.0-5. [and] delivered it to Affy. - The 23. Three Mowers from the garden [and] 1. from the field - viz Carolina, went to Mow at Savannah. NB. the gardeners returned Oct. 17.
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    October 1 J. McLeod shot by fire hunting at Long Savannah, my best plough horse, York, who was grazing in my inclosed pasture, with other horses [and] cattle. 5. Fire. Do. 6.7.8.9 9 Sylvester arrived from the Waterree at D.h. - Crop much injured by uncommonly numerous freshes [and] Swells in the river. also by rains - 3 or 4 freshes over the land - hence late planting 15 Settled Acts. with Sylvester 16 Sylvester returned to Stateburgh Went to town Chair. 1 horse [and] Servt. 17 White frost Strong. [see note below] On the 14 Some say there was a slight white frost, others a cold white Dew - The Gardners [see note below] 18 Killed a Cow fattened for beef. Suet 8 lb Tallow 13 lb. Sent 1/4. 68 lb to the Overseer at Savannah. 19 Returned from town. Jack carried to Savaa rice fields. 2. Mares 2. Foals Filley geldings the 16. [Notes] 13 Leander the cooper died 7 returned from Savaa. with a fattened Cow for beef: [and] 2 Calves - Flowers of the Cape Jasmine flourished til now: - also the Lobelia or Cardinal, some of which were brilliant 10 days after
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    October 22 White frost 24 Toby, carpenter, ran away Began to use the Jug of lamp oil. 26 Went to town. Chair. one attendant on horse Returned in the evening - 28 Snow in the morning for 3 or 4 hours. Made no appearance on the ground - About 3 in the afternoon Snowed again for a few minutes 29 White frost like snow. Ice 30 White frost Went to town with Charles in the Phaeton
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    November 2 Returned 5 Went with Mr. VanHasselt [and] Messrs. W. [and] Ben. Fullers in the Sloop, to the Sea shores to fish 12 Returned with the party to Mr. Middletons Pratilla. 14 Went to town. Chair. [and] 1. attendant on horse Drew by Lot Mrs. A. Middletons portion of negroes from Mr. A. M. Estate 16 Sloop left town with Cloathing [etc.] - for Jehosse Returned home - wet with rain 20 Myrtle wax from Sava - Nt. 27. lb Do. dross - 3 lb 21 Went to Jehosse to clothe the negroes 24 Returned to D. h. 26 Charles, by bark, escaped a fever this day - which came upon him the 24. [and] everyday since Killed a large shoot 23. abt. 45 lb 21. Began a double sloped ditch. leading from the garden ditch by the Cloax to the ditch leading from the lake to the river - Finished it Decr. task 16 ft. long. 28 Went to Savaa. 30 Recd. from Savaa. a fattening cow [and] poor Steer, to fatten.
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    December 1 Sloop arrived from Jehosse with 2. small barrels of Indico. 4 do. hogs to fatten - [and] 12 - turkies. 2 Casseys act. Savannah - Cattle this day 101 - Grubbing hoes. 2 - Mattock 3. Cattle at D.h. 1. Cow, 1 Steer Stall feeding. - 2 Cows, 2 Calves. 9 Commissioners began to repair the Bear - Swamp. road 10 My sister Ann married Perry Mr. Sylvester delivered to Mr. K. Simons the Waterree Indico 4 barrels [and] a part. Gross wt. 1565 lb. NB. the Jehosse Indico, Gross 339. was sent to the Factor K.S. the 5. 17 Night rain [and] Storm 18 Went to town. Chair. 1 horseman. 20 Visited the new married pair 21 Returned home. NB. Corn at present daily used House 4. qts. - 29 Negroes .15. qts. - Gardener. 2. qts. lot. 0-2.5 qts. Rice daily used. 3 Pints - Milk - 4 Cows fed thrice a day with turneps scalded [and] Cabbages ad libitum - yeild in the Morning - 8 quarts - in Evening - 4 qts. 23 The Carpenter Quash, [and] Prentices Ben [and] Cimon - having repaired
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    the Barn [and] Machine at Bob-Savannah, came to D. hall to repair the Sloop. Killed the first hog for Bacon 30 Carpenters returned to D.hall after the holy days. NB I imagine my sight to be a little impaired within a few months past.
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    N.C. his sight impaired ... Cont leaf
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    Diary 1794 -
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    March 20. Withdrew my Negroes from Bob Savanna Ap. 1. Negroes of Est. W.H.D. sold May 6. Santee canal. Acct. of. July 4. killed an Ox. cured with salt, [and] drying in the sun. Aug. 13. the Magazine at the Landing at D.h. burned - by mad Timee it is said, belonging to T.D. Oct. 9. Weight of the different quarters of an Ox. [etc.]
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    January 5 Toby carpenter returned; finding so much wretchedness and want of comforts from his situation. He absented himself Oct. 24. 6 Toby cook, Prince Emanuel [and] Exeter absent from McLeods threats. Cimon carpenter went to Bob Savaa. to repairs. 7 8.9. rainy cold. Carpenters went to Savannah 10 went to Town. Chair. 1 horse man 11 Returned . From Savaa. 2. barrels of rice flour 3.% 2. Geese 13 Carpenters returned to Dh to Grave [and] earth the Sloop Sent a Jehosse Sow with pig to Sava. 14 Jack brought from Savaa 1 large [and] 1 small bacon hog. Delivered the last of the Corn made at D.hall last year. viz. 3 - 1 - 2 Total. 15 Carpenters finished the Sloop [and] set off for Savaa. [and] Jehosse 16 Went to town Chair [and] 1. horseman 19 Returned. Corn all finished 22 McLeod finished planting 1. Acre of Irish potatoes. It took 5. bushels of cut seed.
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    revert. He says 6 Bushels [and] 1 peck when cut for planting are reduced to 5 1/2 Bushs. 23 Went to town Chair .1.H.man 26 Returned 30 Sloop went from D. hall with a load of hay to Martin. stables. 4914 - lb at 4/ P.C. [and] about 150./5064. - for my horses - NB. It took 1 1/2 day to unload [and] weigh. [and] 6/9 for Weighing
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    February 3 Sailed for Savannah the Sloop being detained in town by bad weather. Arrived at Sava. 5? 5. The runaways Toby Exeter Prince [and] Emanuel returned. see Jany. 6. 13 Went to Town. Chair. horseman 15 Returned 26 Went to town. Phaeton. 4 Children. [and] boy servant - Self on horse. 29 Put in Chancery the Bill to answer the Claims on the part of the heirs W.H.D. - NB the 25 - sold Bills on Amsterdam to Cripps, to the Amount of 253:0 [pounds]: - Bills selling from 15. to 20 [pounds] PC. - in favor of seller.
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    March 1 Put in the answer to the Bill in Equity by the heirs claimant of W.H.D. - 3 Children returned to D. hall in the Phaeton 6 I returned on horse 10 Mr. Thos. Parker [and] my brothers met at D. hall to adjust the affairs of the Estate of my father [etc. etc.] 11 Sloop left D. hall with 40.00 lb of hay 12 Jack arrived from Bob-Savannah with 5 barrels of rice flour. [and] all the oxen 15 Mr. Parker [and] my brothers adjourned for a few days 17 transplanted the rooted Slips of the Cape jasmine. planted also cuttings of it. The ground moist with late rains NB. my brother Thomas sowed Oats the 12. Observe, as the Season is rather late, what it produces. 19 Went to C.ton. Chair. [and] Servant on horse 23 Returned - Robins gang came 22. 24 Went to Jehosse 26 Sloop arrived at Jehosse for a load of rice Factor sent to D.hall 4 barrels of corn - 36:2:4.
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    27 Returned to D. hall the Sloop left Jehosse. NB the 20, withdrew the negroes from Bob Savannah - except a few to take care of the Rice [and] provisions not yet removed from thence - Negroes worked on the Ashley river road the 20.21.22. 30 Sloop arrived at D. hall with 6 bacon hogs. 2 barrels of small rice. from Jehosse Went to town. Chair [and] 1 horsemn. 31 Sloop arrived at C-ton with the negroes belonging to the estate of my brother J.D.
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    April 1 Sold negroes belonging to the estate of my late brother J.D. [and] the horses for the purpose of paying to my Sister Ann, a part of her legacy. the negroes averaged only round. 5 Returned home 7 Went to Town 8 Frost. cold winds some days., past. 9 Jack, groom went with the waggon to Bob-Savannah to remove the rice provisions negroes [etc.] from that place Paid Mr. Perry, Anns husband the sum of. 10 the operations of moving began at Bob. Savaa. 11 Returned home. 14 Mr. T. Parker came to proceed in our settlement of the affairs of our Estates. 24 Went to town. Sale of some negroes viz. June, Robin [etc.] of the Estate of J.D. unsold at the 1. Instant. Factor sent by the Canoe 1/2 barrel of flour [and] the two remaining barrels of corn. See Mar. 26 - total, then [and] now, 55 bushs. at 3/.
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    27 Returned from town - Chair - 1.horseman Jack returned to D. hall yesterday with the Waggon - he having finished the removal of the crop, Negroes, implements [etc.] from Bob - Savannah NB. on the 14. Quash [and] his company began to construct the new house for the Overseer on Jehosse.
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    May 1 the black Guinea Sow pigged - observe when these Pigs shall farrow. NB. the first farrow was about middle April 1795 - 3 Sloop arrived at .D. hall. Left 43. barrels of the Bob-Savannah rice in town - [and] brought here from Bob Saa. 4 Departed - 4 Departed from D. hall for Columbia. Dined [and] laid at P.S. Goosecreek 5 Proceeded - from PS. to Moncks corner . to General Moultries 9 Miles - to Col. Senfs head quarters at the head of Santee Canal 10.M. 6 All my horses being missing took a survey of the Canal. Its depth is 5 1/2 feet. [see note below] Its width at the bottom is 20 feet, [and] at the top 35. the horse way on each side is 10 feet. [see note below] the side [drawing of Canal] drains 5 f. The highest ground [see note below] above the Santee common river is 30. feet. [see note below] Which commences about 2 1/2 M. from Santee river [and] contiues so to Kirks Swamp, a space about 4 miles. the length of the or rather floor of the canal [and] is above low tide water at Biggin 60 ft. [and] to contain 4 feet depth of water. tho under the bridge but 5. feet
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    Canal will be 21. miles. There are to be 9 or 10 Locks: 1 of which is to be double . that which is to be near the Directors house will raise the boats 18 feet from the lower to the highest canal. the locks are to be ten feet wide [and] 60 long. [see note below] the boats navigating the canal may be [9] 9 1/2 feet wide [and] [51] 55 feet long. which will carry about 18 Tons. [drawing of Canal] A Perspective view of Santee Canal: and a Mathematical representation of its proportions as at a transverse section at the bridge. The boat passage under the bridge is ten feet wide - the horse passage 5. do. the height of the wall
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    or [940] 720 bushels of corn; [see note below] [and] may be navigated by one boy [and] four men. Hence allowing one waggon to carry a Ton, [see note below] [and] to require 2 Men [and] 5 horses - it requires 18 waggons, 36 men, [and] 90 horses to transport as much goods as one boat [and] 5 people. The water carriage then promises to be of great advantage to [Notes] 7 feet Senf says, tho I think it must be at least 8 or 9 for a Man to ride, [and] the center of the arch 1. foot higher or 200 barrels of flour - or 35 hdds. of tobacco. since that time however, they carry 3000 to 3500. lb.
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    The community in a variety of ways. 10 Left Col. Senfs. to Eutaw 12.M to W Bulls 15. 11 Lay at Col. Moores at Manchester 25 Miles beyond Manigaults ferry. 12 At Mr. Sylvesters, at Stateburgh 9 M. from Manchester. Sylvester gone to court at Columbia. 13 Went to my Plantation at Waterree. 7 miles from the Burrough. Returned to Sylvesters at night [and] met him at home. All the corn planted, [and] but half of the Indico; having long waited for rain to sow the remainder. It has been long dry, [and] no appearance of a change of weather. 14 Lay at Col. M. Manchester 15 Weather hot. Dined [and] lay at Bulls above Manigaults ferry being 3 miles from thence thro the old fields, [and] 6 M. by the public road. total 31. miles. Passing 2 miles of Swamp, took 50 minutes
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    May 16 Dined at Senfs. My horse not yet found. to General Moultries 10. miles Lay there. travelled this hot day 37. miles 17 From M. to Peter Smiths at Goosecreek is 23 or 4 miles. Dined there: family all in town, [and] expected at G. In the evening arrived at D. hall. about 12 or 13.m. from P.S. 20 At Jehosse Crop. rather backward. see the Project of arrangement at this date. Backened by repairing great break twice in the old East dam, [and] draining the corn field. [and] making 4 drains in S.E. field - 21 Sloop (being careened here) left it with 56 blls. rice, the last of the crop. [and] a canoe hull, head, [and] Stern piec. 23 Left Stobo's or rather Fowkes at 1/2 past 3. p.m. hot. arrived at D.h. 8h.15. lot 4h.45m. 24 Sloop with the rice at D.h. about 4.p.m. 26 Sloop. left hull [etc.]; went to town with 56 bars rice 28 Went to town. Chair. 1. horseman 31 Returned
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    June 2 Went with the children to my Savannah plantation. Charles attacked with a slight fever there. The rice sown in the trout dam May 5 not yet come up except near the Channel. having no rain since. Dined at Mr. T. Elliotts - 3 After a long spell of dry [and] hot weather had a Storm of thunder [and] rain for 3 or 4 hours, with hail at the begining Mc.Nair died. 8 Went to town. Chair - 1 horseman 13 Returned home 17 Went to town 21 Returned home - Charlotte has had these 3 days [and] fever with a rash [and] sore throat 25 Thunder Storm. hail. Izards driver Struck - Bleed - Seneka tea. 31 Much rain every day since 25 [and] scarce a day since the 18 without rain
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    July 4 Fair, without rain. [and] the only day since the 25. Killed an ox. to be cured in the barbecue manner. It is said the meat so cured will keep perfectly, [and] be more juicy and fresh, than salted or pickled - Observe the fact, [and] effects. NB. Kept well. Salt. hard. 11 Brought from town [illegible] bushels of corn. 14 No rain. 13. Maria had a slight fever Affy had the fever 17 No rain. 18.19.20. little or none - slight passing showers. 21. none NB. 18. The factor sent Sandy, over the ferry, with a letter - no corn. NB the 12. Prince absconded - from impudence to Jack. 22 Went to town. 27 Returned. 23.4.5.6. rain 28 Went to Savaa. Above 60 acres of rice in belly destroyed by the flood for 3 or 4 days last week. - Rain much for 2 hours - Sloop left Sava. this evening with 20 bushels of corn for Jehosse 31 Not much rain since 28.
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    August 5 Laid at W. Fullers, to shorten my journey to Jehosse 6 Left Fullers at sun rise, viz 16m. past 5 - [and] got to Mr. Fowkes at Wilton 16.m. past 9. NB. the time of travelling was very pleasant - tho soon after, the day became very hot. Sloop careening at Jehosse NB. the 1. John, Sue, Cleander, Ned, children from Sava., came to D.hall to make hay. Carolina came the 4th. to Mow. 8 Returned to D.hall. 12 Mrs Gardner sent for me to see her eldest daughter. She died before I got there. 13 Last night, or this morning my large Magazine at the landing at D. hall was burned. It does not appear to be otherways done than by design. Gathered 1/4 acre of corn. its produce equal to B 1.3.1. - 20 Went to town. Chair. 1.horseman 22 Sloop left C-ton W. 100 bus. corn Jehosse 24 Returned 25 Last night the Coach house [and] Stables of my brother Thomas was destroyed by fire. Little doubt but that it was done by old Jamie who is crazy - and vengeful. 26 Went to town. Chair. 1.horseman. July the Gardener died with a relapsed Dropsy. It had been
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    been effectually cured by the use of Sal. fix. alk. veget. - zi. in half a glass of water, repeated morning [and] evening for some days after the disappearance of the swellings. - It was confirmed by the use of the cold bath 2 or 3 times in the week. But upon the relapse, this remedy, not Emetics, nor Purgatives availed. McLeod sent him to get wood for him in the rain. Relapsed. 28 Sloop this fornoon at Stono publick landing 30 Returned home. Gathered 1/4. acre of corn. It yielded. 3.3.4. - NB. Gathered about the 25 1/4. acre. Vent 3.3.0. NB the ox killed July 4. was all eaten 2 or 3 days ago. that is 7 lb daily for 56 days or 8 Weeks - Roguery or McLeod has had plentifully for dogs [etc.]. NB. Give him Military Rations
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    September 1 Began mowing grass for hay in the garden lawns. viz Carolina [and] Manuel. Exeter began to learn with a bryar Scythe. Charlotte [and] Mc.Leod had a fever 2 The Sloop left Stono landing with 35 half barrels of rice of Mrs. Wilsons - 3 Recd. a letter from Mr. Sylvester by the Overseer Archelaus Watkins, with Acts. from the Waterree plantation - 5 Gathered 7. baskets of corn from 1/4 acre. Vent 2..3..6 - NB. 6 Sent Will to town. 7 Neal, a wandering Overseer in drunkenness cut off part of Seaboys hand at Savannah last night. Casey my Overseer brought him to me 8 the Sloop arrived at D.hall to carry some old bricks to Jehosse NB Mrs. M. began to harvest rice at Prati 3.4.5.6 very hot. 7. hot close rain in evening. 8. cool. 9. very cool. blanket each night.
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    September 9 Sent Joe on horse to town for 2. doz. rice hooks for Jehosse 11 Gathered corn. Vent. 13 Went to town. Chair. 1 horseman Sloop left D. hall with 3200 bricks for Jehosse [and] 600 Bats. Chancery. 14 Returned home. Jack went aid the carpenters to move the lumber from Mr. Spoons to the river. 15 River field. began hay making. - 17 In the evening I was feverish [and] continued so all night. 19 taken bark. no return of fever 21 Squall of wind, Rain, Thunder. 24 Jack returned to D.h. having finished carting the lumber. at Mr. Spoons - 25 Went to town. Chair. 1. horseman very hot. 30 Very hot [and] from the 25. expecially friday the 27. the nights also very hot. This Evening the little air is northerly. Atmosphere dull.
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    October 1 Cloudy. a little rain. Air northerly. in the evening [and] damp. Blanket agreeagble. 2 Fires very agreeable 3 Do. [and] Great coats 4 Do. do. Evening I was Feverish. 5 Returned to D. hall. Do. do. 6 Fire. Rained at night. Feverish. 7 do. rainy all day. took bark 8 Clear. cold. Fatima's sucking colt died with cold last night - also a fattening shoot. 9 Sloop arrived last night with blades from Jehosse. Killed an Ox from Savannah. hind quarters. 101. [and] 98 lb - 199 for do. 130 [and] 132. - . 262 Tallow. 20 lb - Suet 4 lb - 24 485 Sent a fore quarter 130. lb to J. Casey overseer at Savaa. The other fore quarter for Mc.Leod the Gardener - computed from the 13 - 11 The Raft arrived at D.hall consisting of 10 timbers [and] 3 thick Slabs, of Cypress - [and] 98. inch boards of yellow pine - 13 Began to Stack the hay at the landing. NB. a cart load is computed at
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    October at 400 wt - a Waggon from 800 to 1000 - 1. Stack contains about 7 1/2 Waggon loads, not well Stowed - about - 6500 - 2d. Stack 7 1/2 do. well stowed 7500/14000 Stowed also in the Stable loft Stacked by the Stable 15 Finished removing hay from the fields. Was indisposed. 16 Began mowing in the cornfields with Emanuel Toby Exeter. 17 Went to Savaa. Harvest rice not done. Patches only left to ripen From mid day, a slight fever which went off during the night. 18 took bark: no return. 27 Sloop sailed from D.h. with Blades Began to gather the Corn into the Barn. 31. Went to town. Chair. 1.horseman. 25 Mr. Vanhassel had all his effects removed from Mr. M. at Stono where he resided. - Alas! NB 13. the carpenters came to D.h. to fit a Grainery in the loom house. viz Quash Comon June. Ben. Cimon at Sav. ment Cart.
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    November 2 Returned home. Culliat, from Jehosse. 3 took from T. Middleton the qualifying Oath as a Justice of the Peace. Sloop arrived at D.h. in the afternoon. Not half of the blades sold. 6 Went to town. Chair. 1.horseman at my nephew J.D. wedding. 9 Returned. Do. Sloop, which went town the 7. 10 Mr. Michaux the French Botanist came. 11 He went in quest of some plants - leaving his sick horse. Brought the post chair - presented by Mr. R Izard june. from Mr. Wright. NB. he sent for it back 12 Mr. Michaux returned to his garden - his horse died by Bolts. At night he sent back my horse [and] 9 Genea of rare plants [and] Shrubs. 14 took down the south chimney of the loom house. It contained 1200. bricks [and] 420. bats or half bricks. 22 Put from Stanyarn fd. 2. waggon loads of hay into the loft.
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    November 23 Informed that Prince was shot in camp on Sat - 8. by the Beech hill company patroll. That he died at Mr. where Mr. Baker was called to see him by - 25 Went to town. Chair. 1.h. man. Blanchard's first exhibition of an air Balloon, with a small dog in it, in Charleston 27 Sloop left C.ton - for Savaa. [and] Jehosse 28 Returned to D. hall. 29 Laid at P. Smiths on my way to Columbia.
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    December /Distance of Miles/Hours of Journey/ Road from D. hall. to P.S. Goosecreek 15 to Moncks corner - 15/ 4.30 to Genl. Moultrie 1 to the Canal head quarters - 11/ 2.5 2 to Eutaw - 12/ 2.35 to Harris's - 14/ 3:30 to Mrs. Baldrick - 6/ 1.7 3 to Holman - 12/ 2.10 to Mrs. Kennely's not 1/2 mile. She is middle aged [and] weighs 400 lbs. to Chanlis at Bever creek - 20/ 3.28 to Howels ferry - 4/ 1:47 to Reeves at New market - 2/ 0:45 4 To Columbia - 17/ 3.58 NB the above times are exclusive of the time in changing of horses [etc.] 18 [and] 19 much rain 20 A little Snow. the river at Granby is said to have risen 25. feet.
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    December 21 Left Columbia at 7.A.M. - It was past 12 before we crossed Congaree creek about 3 miles off: the bridge being impassable, from the extreemes being under water [and] unplanked: [and] the passengers before us being. so numerous - altho there were 2. ferry boats to Col. Rumple's - 22 to Orangeburgh - 9/ 8.20 to Mey's - dined 25/ 4.15 to Mill house - 8/ 2:35 to Utsey's - a private house, off the road. 2. Miles - we laid there 23 to Muckinfus's - 12 to Givam's - 5 to. T. Waring - Pinetree 10 to D. hall - 15 Killed at D.h. the old cow Stalfed last winter - [and] a Shoot. both from Savanah 24 Killed at Savannah for the negroes a Cow. At Jehosse a bull
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    December 29 Began to Careen [etc.] the Sloop at Savannah. - NB. Since Novr. 27. no frieght but one load of wood for T.M. 30 Went to see the Overseer at Savaa. who is ill with a fall from a horse [and] frolick. 31 Sowed Rye. [and] Pease. Windsor beans were sowed the 8. I think my sight is somewhat more impaired than it was the last year. May I regard this as the commencement of my corporeal decaying. May I frequently contemplate it as a Monitor, to endeavor that my Sentiments and Actions may daily become more suitable to my situation [and] progress in life.
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    Diary 1795
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    Memor. Fish from clouds. July 14. Health. a remarkable States of, for 23 years. Nov. 21.
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    January 1795. 1. Rain. Casey the overseer at Savannah died there. 3 Went to Savaa. took an account of Caseys Effects. Transplanted 2. small Hopeia's. Observe how much they succeed. Died. 8 Cold. Rainy Agreed with Andrew Swindersign to Oversee at Jehosse - the Sloop to meet him the 24 at Wallaces bridge, to remove him [and] his effects to Jehosse. Recompense same as Culliatt. Meat 5 hogs [and] 1/2 beef. 1. Wench, boy, girl, not servicable 9 Cold. rainy. At D.h. Potatoes finished. the Negroes began to diet on Corn. 10 Cold. fair. Sloop finished 12 Last night unfortunately my brother Glens house on Ashley river was burned. 15 the first yeaning of the Ewes. 4 lambs. late. 16 Went to town. Chair. 1 horseman. 17 Sloop arrived in town. [and] delivered to K. Simons 47. barls. of Savannah rice. Driver said 46. 1st. load 24 T.M. sent to me in town - George came also. Giving an acct. of my good Mothers extreeme severity to me. Left town, with Well, Jack [and]
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    January 26 Sloop arrived at D.hall with Sundry Stores - Potat: [illegible] [and] one barrel of small rice. 2. of rough rice. 2. of rice flour and some chaff, from Savaa: transplanted a fruit bearing mulberry tree. Its circumference at the ground inches. at 1 foot from do. 30 inches. at 1 yard from do. inches. NB. Observe hereafter its condition. NB. at Savannah, Diet on potatoes finished yesterday - Diet begins today on Pease 27 transplanted a young Peartree. not having borne more than 3 or 4 Years. Its circumference at the ground inches - at 1. foot from do. - - at 1. yard from do. NB. observe hereafter its condition. Died. Sowed at D.h. Solanum potatoes - some over Neat foot dung - some over dry leaves of pine - some over cedar leaves. NB. Observe the produce [and] superiority. 28 Sowed Sebum or tallo seed - Cabbage seed viz. Early York Savoy. Ox one Mango seed - Pease Went to town. Chair. 1 horseman 30 My brother Thomas unfortunately broke his leg on the road to Town
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    February 1 Sloop left town with 12 bushs. Solanum seed potatoes. 7. do seed Rye for Jehosse - [and] called at Wallaces bridge to convey Swindersine, Overseer for Jehosse, with his family [and] effects to that plantation. Returned to D.h. 2 Went to M. place. Measlefever Emma yesterday - Septima [and] Izard today. 3 transplanted 6 peach trees: 2 or 3 did bear, first, last year. NB. 26 ultu. T.M. carpenters began to prepare Stuff X for a cedar post rail fence between our lands from the Marsh to the end of his intended garden. I. find the materials, he the Labor 5 Sowed Oats. Stanyarn field - transplanted a bearing wild plumb tree. Circumference at ground inches at 1. yard from do. 7 Sent Will to town, on horse. 8 Will returned. 12 Went to town. Chair. 1. horseM. 14 Returned to D.h. [and] Returned to Town. Sloop arrived in Do. from Jehosse with 59 blls. rice
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    February 16 Sale of the Cowpen lands in St. Pauls, belonging to the Estate of J.D. Senr. under a Decree of the. court of Equity. NB. only the tract next to Washington sold to him 622 Acres at 3.19 [pounds] Sloop left town - to call at Savaa. for a little repair. 22 Returned to D.h. 24 Went to town. Chair. [and] George on horseback 25 George returned with the 2 horses. 27 George went to town with the 2. horses Sloop left Savaa. the [25?] proceeding to Jehosse Brought from Savaa. to Dh. 1. Stall fed ox [and] 7 hogs for bacon [and] pickled porck. the 26
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    March 1 Sloop at Jehosse 3 Sloop left Jehosse with 51 barrels of rice. 6. hogs. 6 Sloop in Ashley river at wappoo cut - sent to D.h. George came with 2. horses. 8 I returned to D.h. - [see note below] 9 Weighed one of the Guinea bread barrow hogs 14 or 15. months old at most. viz. Neat carcase 115 lb Head - 13 - [4]128 Offals the 5 part - 32 Gross Total - 160 10 Went to town. Chair. 1 horseman 11 George returned with 2. horses 13 George with 2. horses came to town Will came to town with a large Jehosse bacon hog 220 Gross [see note below] 165 Nt. at 3d. - 2.1.3 [pounds] 18 George returned with 2 horses 21 Returned to D.h. with Mr. Manigaults Solo cum solo. 23 Went to Mr. Micheaus garden-chair [and] horseman Returned in the afternoon with sundry Shrubs. Vibumutinum - Kalima [etc.] Yellow Jasmine. E. Woodbine F. Flowering almond F. [Notes] NB 25 PC. gross was deducted instead of 20. or 1/5. th. 10.? Savannah D. arrived Mr. Bellingers house destroyed by fire.
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    March 25 Went to town. Chair. horseman George returned horseback. 27 Sloop arrived in town NB. She left T.M. Monday. 16. at Jehosse [see note below] the 20. left Jeho: the 25. with 63. barls. rice 28 Sloop left town, evening - George came with 2. horses. 29 Returned to D.h. - Dogwood [and] Pear trees; flowers begin to blow. 30 Seaboy brought 3 Cows [and] 3 calves from Savaa. Sent 2. calves to Market Sent Glens Harry [and] family to Town to Mr. T. Parker. - 31 Went to Jehosse. George. Laid at Mr. Faulk's. Wild plumb. F. flowers opening. Lilack. tree [and] shrub. F. [Notes] with 10 barrels of gold seed rice - 90 bushels from T.M. The New dwelling house at Jehosse for Overseer [and] Self being habitably finished, the carpenters returned to Savah.
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    April 1 At Jehosse. Began to do. to Sow Corn Began at [illegible] to Sow corn. 3 Sloop arrived at Jehosse with 10. barrels gold seed rice from Mr. Middletons - 90. bushels. Returned to D. h. 4 Went to town with chair. 1. horseman. - Returned to D.h. in the evening. 5. Wild plumb. F. Persian do. F. [see note below] Seaboy brought from Sava. 2. Cows. 2 Calves. Amey [and] 2. Children. from Savaa. 8 Sloop in passing, sent to Sava the cloth from Jehosse. [and] 9 delivered to K.S. 50 barrels of rice. No. the 11. [see note below] from Jeho 12 Sloop at Pratilla on her way to Jehosse. Began to sow rice at Jehosse Ap. 7. Orange flowers begin to open 13 Went to town. Chair. 1. horseman - Paul. E.R. returned - Sent Amey [and] her children. do. 14 Amey [etc.] returned. 18 Returned. Chair. 1. horseman 19 Frost this morning Lilack tree out of blow. the do. shrub nearly so. Magnolia minor. F. Scarlet Azalea. F. Sylvex guinea leaves F. - Purple vine F. [Notes] It was 1/2 grafted on a yearling chickesaw plumb. March 1793. [and] discharged the same day
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    April 20 Philadalphus inodoratus. F. Tulip tree. F. Kalmia ang - F. 21 Went to town 26 Returned. NB. Frost 23. Morning - Magnolia shedding its leaves Planted cuttings of the Lonicara english. perick: or xyeto:? Slyrax minor F. Sloop. from Jehosse delivered yesterday 33 barrels of rice to K.S. [and] set off in the evening for Jehosse. Deld. also at Sava. from Jehosse. 114 bushs. seed rice 27 Went to Savaa. clothing to W.s negroes 28 Went to Jehosse 30 All my brother W. negroes at Jehosse embarked in the Sloop to be delivered in Town to his heirs. to proceed to Savaa. for the rest. List of the horses at Jeho: 1. Mare - [and] Yearl. colt 1. Do. Chesnut bay - [and] yearl. F. 1. Do. Bomry. [and] yerl. C. chesn 1. Do. Famry 5. Filleys. Pharonetta - 2 Chesnuts of the 2 Grey M. - both the Mares dead. Nettas black. and another F. 2. Geldings. Charles's bay - 1. Grey NB. the Black mare [and] its C. dead - also the 2 Grey Mares.
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    May 1 Returned from Jeho: to D.h. Stuartia F. Oleander R. 2 Walks - hoeing- yesterday - finished this day, except the ground, by 2. labourers - 4 Went to town. Chair - 1. h:man Sloop arrived with Negroes belonging to the Estate of W.H.D. - [and] were sold this day for 8 Sloop went to Sava or Stono landing for T. Wilsons rice. see 14. - Deld. - ? To [illegible] .100 half bls. 9 Returned to D.h. Chair. - [and] one horseman 10 Magnolia F. Persian jasmine F. Tothergilla F. Lychnis viscosa F. Pomegranate double F. Strawberries- Black berries - Mulberries- ripe. Stuartia F. Ind: pink. Lomiceri F. Dwarf coral F. Chethra, almi folu .F. Lilly F. Kalmia latifol: F. Purple vine, out of bloom. 11 Went to Savannah. All the rice planted but 18 1/2 acres - [and] 9. acres corn in the Swamp Deforme. 12 [and] 13. Sheared Sheep. 21. 3. Rams. old. - [and] 1. of 93 - 1 of 94. Y. 7. Weathers - 4. old 11. Ewes - 5. old. 21. 11. Lambs 32. Total 14 Sent the Mare Fatima by Will to T. Parkers Middleton horse
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    May 14 Jack went to Savannah to geld the pigs. Weather moderately warm: Sloop left Stono with T. Wilsons rice 100 half bls. to [illegible] 17 Sloop at D.h - with wheel - right Stuff from Savaa. [and] Bacon of 4 hogs/. 1. gam: 1. ham. from Wateree 18 Went to Jehosse State of the Cattle 3 Bulls 20 Cows - 17. Oxen 12. Steers 14. Calves 12. yearlings 3. two. Yearlings 9. three - Yearlings 90. NB. About 10 Feb. overseer Swindersine took a list 25. Oxen 54. Bulls Cows Calves [etc. etc.] 79 exclusive of 2. Stallfeeding 1. Cow died since his survey 78 22. Removed from the Island Henriettas black filley Returned To D.h. Cape Jas. F. 20 Heard of the death of my poor brother Glens wife. truely are the helpless to be pitied! - Also of that of Mrs. Hazard. - So does youth [and] flourishing maturity pass away before the infirm, or the aged -
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    the multitude see these occurrences [and] disregard them. 25 Sent Paris to work at the Waterree - [and] Jack, to take a survey of the plantation. a refreshing shour this Morning after a long drouth which whithered the pastures [and] gardens 27 Flying Showers 28 Rainy day - much rain. 29 Sloop left Stono with a 2d. load of T. Willsons rice. An orange worm (whose head resembles that of a Lion) seems about to change its State. It appears lifeless - [drawing of worm] Previously, it fixed itself on a wall by its tail - its head being uppermost: [and] to prevent itself from falling backward, affixed some web to the Wall from whence a single filament passed around his shoulders to the web again - as in the margin. The 25. another did in like manner on the under surface of an iron rail. 30 Tom the Driver says the waters at Long Sava: are yet over Mr. Elliotts banks. My fields have no water in them. NB. To assist Mr. E. by venting his water thro 14 Acre field into the Spring ditch canal.
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    June 2 Jack returned from Watterre - brought a bay. Gelding bought for me by Sylvester: 5 Years old for 130 lb of Indico. He left there 2 carriage horses [and] Bowler a plough house used occasionally by Quash. Quash Toby [and] Cimon carpenters came to work at D.h. 3 the gelding Garter died at D.h. destined for Waterree 4 Feverish yesterday [and] this day 5. Had a fever last night but gentle - Rain 6 Charles had a fever. Gathered the 4. some Irish potatoes - 3 rows 105. each. and had been manured. size./ Man./ Produce/ Bush 1./ Dung/ 0.1.0[see note below]/ - 52. pr. Acre 2/ Pineleaves/ 0.0.7/ 3/ Cedar do./ 0.0.4 1/2/ 7 Rain. Part of the Revd. Mr. Mills family arrived. 8 Rain. much 9 Rain. - my fever returned 10 Rainy - first of Pease at table [Notes] 1 Emma M. married privately x NB. Gelding: Sparrow from Waterree with Paris died a little time past at D.h
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    June 11 Cloudy - Sloop sailed with 16 balls. rice Savannah - the last 12 Rain 14 Dined a R. Izards - Storm, wind, thunder, much rain 15 Weather cleared up. [see note below] 18 Went to Town. Chair. 1. h. man Libo. J.D's, went by canoe. NB. Sloop in town yesterday from Long Savaa. with lumber for D.h - 16. bars. rice, [and] 17. C. hay 24 Heavy rain 25 .Do. [and] Thunder. 27. Rain Sloop in town with hay from D.h: 28 Returned to Dh. 29 Brought to Dh: The Mare Fatima from Mr. J. Parkers Brought from Sava. to Dh. 32. head of Cattle Cows Calves [etc.] Shaved the heads of Charlotte [and] Maria. 30 Much rain [and] lightning at night NB. the 22. began to diet the negroes on Potatoes, at 1 1/2 bushel a day [Notes] Spring tides higher than I have noted. It covered the boundry dam: [and] the lower parts of the Island at D.h.
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    July 2 Sloop from town at D.h. Went to Sava. Rain yesterday evening at Sava: none at D.h. 4 Rain. 5 Do. - [and] at Stono [and] Savannah heavy. the Driver says - 8 Wrecks of Ashley bridge secured at the landing Sloop went to Town with 11 C-wt. of Blades [and]. 27 C-wt. hay Went to town Chair. [and] 1. horse Jack - to adjudge for Shoolbred - 12 Returned - Rain 13 Rain 14 Maria came from her uncle T.M. at 8. A.M. with a fever which came on during last night. She complained of head ach in the evening before she went to bed. Went to L. Savaa. - Some rice in the channel of Trout dam was hurt, the Driver thinks by Terapins. On remarking a young one in our road, he said it came with the rain. What! out of the clouds. Yes. Ha ha! Why ask any body [and] they will tell you they do come from great showers of rain - [and] fish too. - Ay!- Why last sunday week, the 5, Quash
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    took up 2 trouts - the largest about 12 inches long, [and] 3 or 4 broad - [and] others took up others, all in a drain leading from a ditch that was dry that day [and] has no communication with any water. Coming home, I asked my servant George, whether he had heard any thing concerning the above. No sir! but I have taken up Stout such fish i,e carp, in parts of our pasture, where water never is, but a little while after a heavy shower. I afterwards asked Quash in a circuitous manner: he confirmed the Drivers account - adding that after a very heavy shower last year he saw several little trout 4 or 5 inches long, [and] cat fish, swimming in the barn yard at L. Savannah; whh. is on higher land than any reserve near it, [and] has no connection with any water but from the clouds. The raining of Frogs [etc.]
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    July frogs [etc.], Ray, in his Wisdom of God in the Creation does not allow. But Pliny, Aristotle, Tromondius [etc.] have recorded, or mentioned records of that nature. - In S.C. are living testimonies viz. T. Drayton. J. Freazer at the Ferry. Ben from Jehosse Marias Fever went off in the evening - 15 Maria. Fever returned about 11 a.m. after Cath. [and] Cortper, 16 Rain much [and] heavy. Thunder. Maria. fever went off some time in the night. - In the evening it was diminishing - then took worm powders. - 17 Peaches - red burre pear - table 17 Maria. passed parts of worms. took 5 doses of bark red - aa gr XII - 18 Maria 8 a.m. seems unwell - about 10. fever come on. Went off between 8 [and] 10 in the evening. 19 M. took Cortex peruu: 20 Rain - M. no return of Fever In the evening went To W. Fullers in my way to Jehosse
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    21 At Jehosse. Hot. close. Thermom. 84. 22 Hot. little air. Therm. 86 23 Left Jehosse. Therm. 90 but the heat agreeably temperated by breezes: [see note below] 24 At D. hall Weather as hot as yesterday. Journey - not unpleasant - from 1/4 past 5 in the morng. to 45. past ten: being detained at Wallaces ferry more than half an hour. Charlotte: fever coming on about XI. She says she had it slightly the 20. - also the 22. NB Wallace's bridge fell last May it was built So it lasted. 25 Sloop at Rantowles bridge last night. She left Jehosse. Charlotte missed her fever 27 Maria. Fever returned before 6 this morning. 30 Marias fever was treated as from worms - This day she voided one. - has no complaint [Notes] Sloop arrived at Jehosse with corn. Rantowles bridge was finished Jan. 1. 1786. It was again new built 93. or 4.
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    August 1 Went to town with Mr. Middleton in his Chair - Returned in the evening to Mr. M. 3 At last formed a board of road Commissioners - 4 Sloop arrived at D. hall with. lumber for Paleing [and] wheel wright from .Sava [and] - Shingles 1200. Small rice 1. barrel Seed rice 3. barrels - 31. bushs. from Jehosse. 6 Sloop - careening [and] repairing - by 2 carpenters [and] 1. Apprent: - Went to Town. Chair - 1 horseman, Will - 9 Returned to D.h - During my absence, Fatimas fine filley Famous died - they say with the distemper. 11 Went to Savaa. Sloop finished, Sent Jack to Jehosse to see Crop 15 Sent 3 Carpenters to Jehosse to repair the flood gate [and] a trench 18 Removed the cattle to a 2d. Pen. Went to town. Chair - 1 horseman, George 20 Hay harvest began - Grass rather too old.
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    22 Returned to D.h. Doll - at Sava - laid in Carpenters returned from Jehosse to Sava. 24 Carpenters at D.h. Placing new Cills of Cypress to the poultry house [Notes] 22 Emanuel. Tellys son 2 1/2 Years died by worms
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    September 1 In the pigeon house - 3 young pigeons - 1. pr. eggs - Fire in the evening in the parlor. damp atmosphere 2 Drew off the cask of old Sherry Mixt together the ingredients to make Wine - viz: Raisins 74 lb - Sugar, Spanish muscovada or Strained sugar 6 1/2 lb. Rain water 31 1/2 Gallons. 6 Harvest began at Savannah [and] at Jehosse 9 Sent Will to town for powder [and] Shot for Jehosse Carpenters - Quash returned to Savannah to make repairs - Toby [and] Cimon, went the 5. 12 Went to Savannah. There reaping recommenced yesterday. The edges of trout [and] 13 Acre but thin - ears indifferent - In Deforme - edges to tolerarable. ears good - The upper field, about the center, rice very thin. 14 Went to C-ton. chair. 1. horseman - Decreed for Shootbred 800 [pounds] 19 Sent the Chair home to be repaired. 21 Chair returned to town
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    September 24. Indisposed. inaction. Bile. 25 Injunction - postponed. 29 Returned to D.h. 30 Went to C-ton. Chair. 1. H.man NB the State of the weather to the 9. was chiefly Rain - to the 19 Fair. - to the 30 Fair cool [and] cold - except the 24 [and] 25. Rain. [Notes] 26 My cousin General Bull died at Beaufort. Until his houses of hospitality were distroyed about the middle of the War between America [and] G. Britain, every travellar that pleased, met with a generous [and] liberal reception whether he was present or Absent. His large estates were much injured by the war - and altho his mind may have suffered with his circumctances - yet all his virtues are forgotten [and] his death is noted without any Eulogy. Even to live For Eulogy is Vain! Live independently, by the aid of a suitable economy: to extend our virtues, [and] defend us from vices. Live as God requires, with humility, justice [and] mercy.
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    October 1 Will returned with horses. 9 Will came to town with 2. horses. 10 Much rain last night [and] this day 11 Returned to D.h. Wild pigeons appeared last week. 14 Began to break up with the plough S.lake field, for Rye Rainy Went to Town. Chair - 1. H.man 15 Rain. Fair. wind getting to W. 17 Fair [and] cool yesterday - This day very cool. Wind got to N. of West. Returned to D.h. 18 Frost last night: visible between 7 [and] 8. a.m. 19 Went to Sava. - Ricking rice. Rice harvest finished - this day the last (reaped in the upper Deforme) brought into the Stack yard. 21 Went to C-ton. Chair. 1. h.man Sloop went to C-ton - Hay. for Sale 11.00 lb. [and] horses. 24 Returned to D.h. [and] in my way visited poor W. Fuller 25 Visited Do. Dined with T.M. - Js. Ladson occasioned a rumpus
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    October 26 Visited W. Fuller - He is going on favourably - but his situation is very dangerous [and] is on a ballance 30 Went to C-ton. Chair. 1. h.man 30 Received accounts of the death of poor W. Fuller. Amiable [and] worthy man! worthy of Regret - [and] much must his neighbours [and] acquaintance regret [and] feel the loss of him. Killed at Savannah a Cow. 1/2 for the Negroes - [and] 1/2 for family use - Yesterday eveng. Carpenters, Quash Toby [and] Cimon, set off to work at Jehosse
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    November 1 Returned home. Dined at T.D - 3 Went to town. Chair. 1. horse man 7 Sloop left town with Clothing for the Negroes. 10 Finished, or nearly so, the Acts. of the Estate of J.D. 11 Returned home 12 Went to the Savannah. Sloop arrived there last night. Gave clothing to the Negroes. 13 Sloop left Savannah last night with the Clothing, hoop-poles [and] mill mortars for Jehosse 14 Set off for Jehosse Dined [and] laid at Mr. Fawkes 15 Went to Jehosse Negroe cloth brought in advance of the Sloop, by the canoe. 17 Sloop arrived at Jehosse Arrived at D.h. Vegetation seems to be but little injured by frosts as yet. 18 Delivered George a padlock for the potatoe cellar. there is now a padlock on the pidgeon house, the wood cellar, [and] the Potatoe house. [and] the poultry house. 21 Departed from D. hall for Columbia. Lay at Muckinfus's 28. Miles Expences - 7/4. During 23. Years, he has had 20 whites [and] blacks born - and never lost one.
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    November 22 Lay at Mr. Govans 7 miles short of Orangeburg. Journey 39 miles from 8 to 1/2 past 4. Road very Stumpy. 23 Started 1/2 past 8. Journey 37. miles to Tuckers - accommodations, tolerable. Expences, 1 Sinl, [and] 3 horses, 9/4 - 24 Arrived at Columbia at the State house before Eleven. NB. the President did not arrive until the 17. - eight days after the appointed time. On the 18 a house was formed. 28 Departed for Stateburgh on my way to my Plantation near there: but missing the road, lay at Col. Brisbanes. 29 Rainy fore noon - so my intention frustrated. After dinner, departed for Columbia. Lay at Miers - Exps. 7/0 - 30 Arrived at Columbia.
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    December 1 P. Smith arrived at Columbia - rare fellow. 4 Rainy General Pinckney returned to town on Act. of Marias illness. 5 Review of the Regement. About 250 rank [and] file present - Maneuvered Tolerably well 7 Rainy. Major Asgill made us a visit. P.S.s Croney. 12 Review of the Regt. - said to make a good appearance. 14 R. Smith left Columbia - 19 the Legislative Assembly adjourned about 3 p.m. sine die. Departed from thence on my return home Lay at Keiglers 17. miles from Columbia. Rainy evening. Accommodations good. Expences - 10/4 - 20 Lay at Mr. Govans 7. miles beyond Orangeburg. Journey 32 miles. I got from his mothers some cuttings from a pear tree that does not ripen until frost. 21 Lay at Muckinfuss - Roads bad. sloppy, Stumpy. One horse Jaded. Perhaps overfed [and] driven too fast.
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    General Washington came in about an hour after. He when travelling never feeds his horses in the day with Grain - at night he allows as much as they will eat, say 4 quarts corn. - See his mode of horseman-ship. C. place book. 4[o]V.l. 22 Expences at Muckinfus's. Toll bridge - 0.1.2 3. horses. fed N. [and] Morns. 1/6. - .4.6 Supper [and] breakfast - 2.0 Bed - 0.4 Servant Supr. [and] breakf. - .1.0 0.9.0 Arrived at D. hall, with Mr. Hory whom I joined near T. Warings, about 1/2 past 12. Found all Satisfactorily. God be thanked. 23 Went to Savannah 25 Dined at Mr. Izards. Dined at T. Middletons Lay there. 29 At D. hall a Dinner [and] Ballet 31 Went to Savannah Rice beat out in barrels Measured out some Drains in the Deforme upper field. Transplanted 3 or 4 Hipee's - [and] some other plants. Ewes began to Yean: which is 2. weeks sooner than last year
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    year. The Winter hitherto has been very mild - excepting a little rain, [and] frost.
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    Index Fish in showers. July 14.
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    Diary 1796
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    January 1 Transplanted Hopeias, [etc.] Ballet at T.M. [and] laid there 3 Sam, carpenter came in the evening from Jehosse - To work on the Sloop at Savah: 4 Carolina came from Sava to split rails 7 Ben came from Jehosse for 2 - dowling bits - 8 Sent Will to town, to Duncan 9 Received by Will from Duncan for the Sloop 5. bolts 12 or 13 lb Paid for mending boots. 2/1 Had of George 2. fowls Potatoes. for Negroe diet finished gave out the allowance for one week. NB. there are now but enough left for the use of the house - [and] to plant. 10 Savannah Driver says there are 52. barrels of rice packed Sam the carpenter seized with a fit in his sleep Jany. 1. - It returned the 8 while he was eating his supper, but lasted not long: He was then bled, about a quart, which relieved him from a heaviness and giddiness in the head [and] confusion of sight which he felt before he came from his work in the woods.
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    January 10 Quash carpenter - He says the Sloop left Jehosse with its new Pump, Novr. 21. That he, Toby [and] Cimon, having finished some plantation jobs at Jehosse, arrived at Savannah Decr. 5, To repair the Sloop. 12 Went with the children To M. place to pay Emma [etc.] their congratulatory Visit. Met Jack on his return from Savannah with his cart. He got drunk there with rum from Joe, who went town with Jack patroon on Sunday. He made such a disturbance there, that Tom the Driver ordered two of his own people to proceed with his cart - [and] himself came to complain. 21 Received 2 bolts from Duncan total 6 lb. - for the Sloop 26 Set out from D. hall for Jehosse. 27 At Jehosse.
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    February 8 Went to Savannah. NB. the 7., Sam the carpenter was by a giddyness threatned with the attack of a fit as before: but on the 8 increasing was bled as ordered, he had no further Complaint 13 the Sloop being finished in her repairs, except a little of upper works; - began to to take on board the rice at Savannah 16 Went to town. Chair. 1. h.man 17 Races began. Sloop arrived in town with 63. bars. rice. 2 Calves. 20 Returned to D.h. 22 Went to town. Ch. [and] 1. h.man 23 Sale of poor G. property 47 negroes in part. 2831 [pounds] - [and] some lands of the Estate of J.D. 46 Sylvester came to town a few days ago by water. tells me I have lost by the last freshes at least 200 bushels of Corn in the house. Brought the bacon of 2. hogs. 27 Will returned to D.h. with 2 horses. Agreed with Dr. Clitheral to sell to him the house of W.H.D. in Meeting Street for 2000:Gs. 29 Master in equity gave him Dr. Clitheral letter for the house.
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    March 1 Will returned with 2. horses from D.h. Rain afternoon the 3 carpenters went 53 yesterday from Savannah to D.h. to repair Poultry-yard fence 7 the sale fo the Estates lands resumed - None sold - Sold 5 of G.s negroes 9 Sloop in the mouth of Wappoo - from Jehosse to D.h. with hogs, [and] turkies - [and] Rice 11 Sloop received a suit of new sails - [and] 22 lb spun yarn at 6o/ pr. C-. North. 12 Sloop at D.h. with 16 hogs - 23. turkies. 1. barrel of small rice. Also 42. barls. for Market. 13 Returned to D.h. During absence 3 Ewes - 1 young ox died. 15 Siss delivered - boy. Sloop departed for C-ton. [and] dismasted at night by a Squall 16 [see note below] 18 Poultry yard fence finished. Carpenters - began repairing the post [and] rail outer fence. 19 The Port Collector of C.ton seized my Sloop [and] many other vessels for not having a white mariner to navigate Returned to D.h. evening [Notes] 16 Went to town Ch. 1. h.man 17 Sloop arrived in town, Dismasted.
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    March 20 Went to Genl. Washington's. 21 Surveyed with Purcell the part of the Cow pen tract sold to Genl. Washington, on the S 70 side of the road - [and] bounded by Bob-Savannah. 22 Returned to D.h. 23 2 barrels of Corn - 19 bushels brought from Sava: to D.h. Went to town. Ch. 1. h.man. Carpenters went to Savah. to prepare a mast for the Sloop, in the evening. 29 Put in an Answer to the Bill in Clgy. of T. Bolds. 31 Returned to D.h. Carpenters returned in the evening to D.h. the Mast being finished. Sloop to sail this night from Savah. - to Jehosse for a load of rice. A 4th. Ewe died while absent
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    April 1 Went to Jehosse Began to sow rice 29. Ulto. 3 Went to Genl. Washington's 4 Went to the meeting of the Commissioners of the roads for the parish of St. Paul: and Petioned for a road to be granted to me from the Wilton road to Jehosse. NB. to meet a Committe of the road Commissioners on May 12. for the above purpose. 5 Returned to D.h. T.D. went to Ocean. 8 took a Cath. [and] Bark - having had yesterday [and] some days past an obscure Tertian fever Carpenters sawed the canoe hull - from end to end. Do. went in the evening to repair the flood gate at Savannah, lower Deforme. Began to sow Corn at D.h. 9 In disposed. 10 Bark - Indisp: Stopped 12 the Duke de Liencourt visited me at D.h. with Messrs. Baron and J. Pringle. [and] dined. His voice was attended unto by Lewis XVI. [and] the National convention. His revenue it is said was - 30.000 [pounds] - pr. Anm. and now he says he does not travel with a servant, because he cannot afford one. Alas! Meditate [and] be resigned.
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    April 13 Went to Town. Ch. [and] 1. h.man. Sloop arrived in town the 10. from Jehosse. with 64. barrels rice [and] 19 bushels of seed rice for Savannah. 16 Arrived at D.h. in the Sloop: with 1. pipe of Madeira [and] 2 quarter casks of Sherry wines - [and] 1. hogshead of Porter. 2. barrels seed rice. 2 balls. tar. [and] 1. barrel of pickled porck 98 containing 2. hogs from the Waterree. 6 bush. Corn Dh 17 Will returned to D.h. Chair [and] h. 19 Mr. Stevens came to make some contract for M. Pleasant 21 Indisposed. Bilious dijection - feverish 22 Cort. per. - effectual Seaboy brought from Savah. the chesnut Colt Careless 23 Colt castrd: 24 Will on horse sent to Mr. Parkers at Accabee. Will says the ferry men described a bay horse floating in the river like unto Ruby who was missed the 20. 25 Sent George with a letter to Mr. Stevens Sloop sailed from D.h. for Jehosse. via. C.ton - [and] Savah. Grace went in the Sloop
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    April Sloop for Jehosse to see her sister - NB. The 62 lb of untried tallow yeilded when prepared 41 lb neat tallow, [and] 20 lb Cracklings. 26 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.m. 2 Sloop arrived in town. 29 Sloop Sailed with sundries for Jehosse. 30 Returned to D.h. NB. the 26. Seaboy brought to D.h. from Savannah 6 cows [and] 6. calves. there are now at D.h. Bulls. Cows. Calves Oxen The 27. or 28. the carpenters went from Savah. to Jehosse
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    May 2 Went to Savannah plantn: NB. Fatima foaled a Colt. At Savah. about 27. or 28 April 3 Recd. Mr. Stevens answer [and] agreement by Letter by Seaboy relative to purchase the Cow pen 9 Arrived at Jehosse 10 the new trunk for the new field called finished this day by 4 Carpenters. NB. Sloop sailed the 6. from Jehosse, with 70. barrels of cleaned rice 11 Messrs. Peyton [and] Price dined with me - highly pleased with order [and] neatness [and] Cultivations 13 Left Jehosse. Returned to D.h. 14 Sloop in town evening of 10. - unloaded the 12. At Savannah this evening - 18 Slept at Mr. Fenwicks 19 Col. Shirving laid up with the Gout. Met Mr. Savage [and] Mr. Hayne at Wilton examining the most proper place for layin out a road for me to Jehosse Dined with Mr. Freer 20 At Jehosse Corn, clean, forward, flourshing. Rice do. 82 or 3 acres hoed this day - none other yet requiring the hoe 21 Dined with Mr. Fuller at Barnes, with Miles. Returned to D.h. [Notes] 19 Began manuring by Cowpening 7 Sheep sheering began
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    May 22 Sent Will, with Fatima [and] her colt, to Mr. Fenwicks horse Commerce - 23 Went to Savannah Receivd from Fullers Barnes plantation 30. bushels of rice. NB the 21. Carpenters, Quash [and] Toby, returned from Jehosse to Savannah - Cimon left unwell at Jehosse. 25 Went to Town. Chair. 1. h.man 28 Do. T. Parkers - Accabee Returned to D.h. 29 Sent Sloop to town for provisions: - with Hay Calves 30 Sent Will to town, horseback
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    June 1 Will returned 2 Sloop arrived from town with Corn. 4 bushels bought by Will - [and] 100 by Factor tho Patroon delivered but 93. 4 some of G's remaining Negroes sold a day or two ago. One of them, Jack, says his master bought him [and] some others - and T. also bought. Well! 6 Carpenters came to D.h. to build the Canoe - to Grave the Sloop. to make a pair of Wheels. 9 Graving, parts of two days, finished. 10 Second cowpen formed on the hill for turneps - 11 Bob tells me that my poor brother Glen died at Grimball hill last sunday the 5 13 Carpenters remain at Savannah until Tim came to take care of the Sloop in lieu of Jack who is to work at Sava: - Tim bit this day by Will's dog. Brought from Sava: to D.h. 9 Cows 9 Calves - There are here now
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    June 14 A fire broke out in Charleston between 3 [and] 4 p.m. yesterday - At D. hall I saw the smoke soon after it began: [and] at night saw the very flames. 16 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.man. The fire has made great devastation. It is said about 300 - houses forming the lines of the Streets have been destroyed 18 Returned to D.h. 24 Went to Town. Chair. 1.h.Man 26 Returned Agreed with Mr. Ph. Givhan relative to the Sale of Bob-Savannah plantation NB Mr. Sylvester was to send from my Wateree plantation 200 bushels of Corn. May 22. sent by Hunters boat. 60 June 10. Hunter delivered - 46 to my Factor only 46/. which he sold at 5/ - 30 Mrs. A.M. dined [and] family here - [and] carried Henrietta to town.
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    July 2 three carpenters in 12 days split the hull for a Canoe, and finished the scooping [and] timbering the inside. 4 Do. began to clear the outside - [and] finished the 5. 6 Went to town. Chair. 1.H.Man 8 Returned. 11 the Carpenters returned from Savannah. In the evening of the 7th. they went there to get Stuff for Gunnels [and] Oars - [and] took 2. days. Sloop went in the evening to town. from D.h. with Will. 12 Went to town. Chair. 1.H.man. 14 Returned. Sloop returned to . D.h with 107. bushels of corn by our remeasurement instead of 100. So Will did as much good as Jack did harm in the importation made June 2d. 16 Will on horseback went to town [and] returned Canoe finished with regard to Carpentry. Thus beside getting the Materials of the hull - Three carpenters were at work on the Hull 22 days [and] 2 in getting Stuff for the Gunnels [and] 5. Oars 18 Lay at Mr. Fenwicks in my to Jehosse 19 At Jehosse. NB. By making the journey
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    July by Mr. Fenwicks in summer, the travelling from D.h. To Wilton is rendered more convenient, because the place of accommodation is nearly central: whereby the heat [and] fatigue is evaded. A little short of the 25. mile Stone on the Jacksonburgh road, you enter the new road on the left, leading thro bay galls [and] pine barrons to the Wilton road, which it enters about a mile short of the avenue to Wilkinson. From the 18 Mile Stone at the forking of the Jacksonburgh [and] Wilton roads, the distance on the W. road is esteemed 18 Miles, [and] the time of travelling 3 hs.15. - while that by Mr. Fenwick is 17 M. [and] the time 3 hs.20 or 25. Minutes. But from Mr. Fenwicks, which is 2 1/2 miles from the Forks of the roads to W. [and] Jacks:, - to Wilton or Mr. Fowkes, the distance 14 1/2 M. [and] time 2 h.55. - Thus journeying by Mr. F., the distance is less by one mile - the time, longer by 5 or 10 Minutes - but the convenience altogether in favor of that road.
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    From Wallace 18. Mile Stone, to Mr. Fawkes at Wilton By the Wilton road/ By Fenwicks to/ Club house 6/ 1.0/ To Fenwicks/ 2 1/2/ 0.25 to/ New road .5/ 0:50/ to New road/ 4 1/2/ 0.45 to/ Wilt - 7/ 1:25/ Ex Do/ 3./ 0.45 To Wilt./ 7/ 1.25 18/ 3:15/ 17/ 3:20 NB I was at Jehosse last year on 21. of July. This year the crops of rice [and] corn appear much superior, even in those field where no more improvements have been made. The rice is thicker, of a better growth, [and] the shooting forth of the Ears is more general. The Corn is far superior both on the high, [and] tide land: - but the margins of the latter are too moist, by the oozing of the water thro the banks when the surrounding fields of rice are flowed. I think it would be better to plant them hereafter in rice; and accordingly I have planted now a few rows of rice plants. On the Margins of the earlier rice many Ears are 8 or 9 inches in length.
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    July 21 Left Jehosse about 8. a.m. - and Mr. Fawkes about 10. Dined at Mr. Fenwicks. The weather very hot. Rain about 4. p.m. - Arrived at D.h. about 8. p.m. - 25 Carpenters brought from the woods to the landing Sills [etc.] for repairing the boat house 29 Mrs. M. [and] family brought Henrietta home, [and] dined here with Mrs. Wright. 30 Went to Savannah. Rice in Deforme lower, tolerable: in the middle very thin: in the upper very grassy, in which they have only begun the 2d. hoeing this day. This day they complete planting 10 acres of Potatoe Slips Quash. Brothers, cousins, and friends! I do not know any enemy that have injured me more than some of them. God mind them: [and] me also Savannah account of Cattle. 39 .24 15 Hogs. 22. 9 9. 31 Sent Will to town on horse. NB. The State of the weather for this Month.
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    August 1 Began mowing for Hay - within the garden Will returned 2 Will went to town - [and] returned. 3 Began to Strip blades. 5 Mr. Graves from Georgia a proprietor 1/64 Share of Col. Dry's share of transylvania - came to form a co-operation with the Proprietors in S.C. 9 Went to town. Chair - 1.h.man Met the sup proprietors of Transylvania. those present agreed to associate for co-operations 12 Returned to D.h. Negroes sickly - more than a fortnight past. The horse Shock died. On the 8. he was drenched with a bottle of porter in which was mixed a table spoon full of powdered indico [and] salt. he appearing to mope for a few days before. 19 Sent Will to town. horseback 20 Will returned Quash do. to Savannah. 29 Went to town. Chair. 1 h.man 30 Returned NB.27. Rice harvest began at Jeho: - Weather. see almanac.
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    September 1 Went to to town. Chair. 1.h.m. 2 Returned. Potatoe. Solanum. Those from the planted roots scarce fit to be taken up: many being not thicker than a finger. 6 Negroes at D.h. began to Diet on Potatoes. [lb?] per day. Inf [and] Ad: NB. they are at the Market by the middle of July. Mr. Seabrook says he began July 10. last year to diet on them - [and] that he used them until April this Year. 9 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.m. [and] returned. 11. Tom says he began at Sava to cut rice the 8. [and] to diet on Potatoes the 10. Mr. Blake [and] Mr. Blackwall came 12 T.D. came. fair promises where interest is mutual: but where he is to do - is very backward even to common justice. even to the settling of points of procedure 14 Went to town. Chair. 1.h. man at T. Parkers - met T.D. - obstinate mule - made him shew some shame - he thro fear on his own Acts. came to some conclusion Relative to my purchase from Mrs. R.D.
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    September 17 Returned. 19 Went town. chair. 21 [and] 22. feverish each night 23 Returned home 24 took Cathart: [and] Cort. Perew: Timothy [and] cur Fords. a pair of wolf curs. Sneakers and Shufflers. Sava: 26 Went to town. chair 27 At night a Fever. 28 Negroes returned to Sava. 29 Chancery decreed simple Intr. to Bowles Returned home. Unwell 30 Unwell. NB. Being much engaged in business - much absence from home - frequent going alternately from Country to town has occasioned since the 15 - more or less of indisposition by Bile, and Febrile symptoms.
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    October I had a fever every day from [and] the 1 [and] 6. From the 2d. it only Remitted 3 Between 6 [and] 10. Fever much abated - Returned between 11 [and] 12. a.m. - Evening P.92. no oppressions. 4 7. A.M. P.79 or 80. began to take bark. took 3 Drackins by 10 a.m. which is 1/2 draehm more than usual. - P. not less than 75. About 12. M. the fever seemed to increase. No oppressions. Evening. P.90. took an Emat-Fever moderate all night. 5 7.A.M. P.80 6. P.M. P. been wavering all day between 90 [and] 80. Doctor Barron arrived - Sent for. took Cath. Pills. Jalap. grXXX. h.s. about X p.m. 6 1. a.m. pills began to operate. My lips about to break out. Pills operated 3ce. with some griping. 7. A.M. began to take Cort Per: - by 10. a.m. took Dr.iv - 12. M. Dr. Baron returned - 7 No return of Fever but the [illegible] purgative pills taken Oct. 1. produced a small salivation which conti-
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    October nued from the 4. to the 16 - [see note below] 9 Sent the Cattle from D.h to Savannah. viz. 10 Sent the Sloop to Savannah for some repair [and] to take in lumber for the Machines at Jehosse. Sent 4 Calves to town by the sloop. Wrote a Veladictory letter to the St. Andrew electors of Members for the Legislative Assembly. 21 Sloop but now sailed from Savannah for Jehosse with the Carpenters - [and] Stuffs - 24 Met the Commissioners of the roads - to receive the returns of the parochial labourers - [and] to make the new road directed by the Legislature to lead from Stono river at the boundary between Mess. Middleton [and] Guerin, to the road leadg: from Ashley ferry to Rantowles bridge. 28 Unwell. owing to complying with the unreasonable desires of the Commissioners to do fruitless business too late in the evenings. NB. From too much experience, remember to be more complaisant to my own opinions, which by experience I [Notes] Killed a Cow from Sava. - gave the negroes there, 1/4 of it.
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    October I find not inferior to the generality. - And treat teazers as children. - till' they shall have the pretty Moon; [and] any thing else they desire. 31 Sent Emanuel Exeter and Toby from D.h. to Savannah to Mow hay. The S. wenches to reap grass [and] to cure the hay. Sloop from Jehosse at Guerins sent a letter from the Overseer Went P.M. to town. Chair - and 1. h.man.
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    November 2 Sloop arrived at the wharf last night. Unloaded in three hours this morning. Observe the wharf charge for assistance. Brought from Jehosse 52. barrels rice Evening - had a slight fever. 3 Sloop left town a.m. for Jehosse via Sava: 4 Evening - fever returned. slight. 5 Returned to D.h. Porck hog killed. from Sava: Mr. Z. with Mary [and] Rosetta, arrived on a visit just before me. 6 Fever returned very slight 7 took Cort. Per. 3 doses - without a Cathartie 8 Mouth or rather lips swelled - Lingering febrility 10 Gave Jack groom a double locking padlock for the potatoe house - Returned Feb. Febrility. - Lips broke out the 9 11 Rode out on horseback 12 No appearance whatever yesterday of febrility. - 15 Sloop from Jehosse with the remainder of the rice made last year. viz. 54. barrels, at Guerrins landing, sent a letter 16 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.M 17 Sloop at R. Wharf in the morning.
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    November 19 Sloop left town with negroe cloth [and] blankets. - Returned to D.h. 21 Sloop arrived at Long Sav: 22 Went to Long Sava: 24 Carolina, bricklayer, went to make repairs at Mr. Ladsons cottage Sloop sailed for Jehosse. 25 Hoar frost. thick ice. cold wind. this the first Ice. Charles bathed in the lake - and the 4 following icy days. 28 Went to Jehosse Sloop arrived there in the fore noon from Sava: with clothing - which place she left Friday morning. - The Weather has been hazy from the 1. to the 17. inclusive. and from the 18 to the 30 inclusive Frosts, dry, clear, cold winds.
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    "December 3 Returned to D.h. Carolina left Mr. Ladsons last night to go to Town with leave 7 Carolina returned in the morning to Mr. Ladsons. Recieved from Savannah two bacon hoggs. 8 Killed one do 11 Received accounts that the Sloop has sprung a Leak - [and] lays at the branching of Stono. 12 The Savannah negroes [see note below] 14 Jack groom, bit by a small black hairy spider, in the evening, on the wrist. By eleven at night complained of pains in the arm, arm-pit - sickness at the Stomach great. Pains - about his body, flying, sharp. sense of Suffocation. 13 Cloudy [and] Rainy. Sent Will to to town horseback with Mr. E.R. packet. [see note below] 14 .Will returned evening 15 Sent back E.R. Messenger. [Notes] 13 or 14. hands went to Pratilla where the sloop landed her cargo, to endeavor to save it from ruin Recd. E.R. letter from Colu-bia informing me to be there in 2 1/4 days at all events. Vain [and] thoughtless Dogmas! for various circumstances induced me to Stay at home."""
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    December 16 Went to town. Chair- h.man 17 Returned 18 Sloop - reshipped her cargo from Pratilla, [and] went to Long Savannah The first yeaning of lambs. 21 Went to town, Ch. [and] h.man 22 Congratulated T.P. on his return from his embassies to Britain [and] Spain. He returned the 17. 23 Sloop in town from Long Savannah 24 Returned. Carolina - his acct. of work done at Mr. Ladsons from Novr. 25. to Decr. 20. inclusive - Total - Days. 25 Deduct Absent Decr. 3.5.6. - 3 Sundays. 4 - 4 Sick - 3 10/15 NB. one day he waited for Materials 3/4 of the day, until they could collect bricks scattered about the plantation. So he says he flings in that day for nothing. Aye! but 375 that would fling me out of a day 26 Sloop arrived at D.h. with Sundries: - From the Factor - from purchases - from Jehosse. Rough rice 3. barls. Oats 2. do. Whole rice 1. do. Small rice 1/2. do. -
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    29 Exeter absconded with impudence to Jack 31 Visited Mr. Izard. Paris from the Waterree brought 2. horses [and] a letter. Gave a ham to Tom driver - another to Quash carpenter.
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    Index
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    Diary 1797. .Bricks. Col. Senf. Nov. 16. .Canoe. Hippopotamus. May 28 .Cotton. in Swamp. Novr. 8. .Wheel barrow. Nr.ovr. 16. .Flood gates. Nr. 17. .Horse dealers Novr. 17. .Log house building. Nor. 18. a Barn. .Stove for cotton. Nor. 18. .Chamber Stove. Van Hassell. Novr. 20 .Rutledge. his mode of proceeding to induce T.M. to comply with his intent to contest payment of his bond to Estate of H.M. Mar. 4.5. .Visitation to Mr. N. Heyward at Combahee .T.M. died Aug. 19. at S. Isld. .Cotton Stove 18. Novr. .Spider bite cured by Vomit. Melted butter . [and] Milk. Octr. 8. Emanuel the Gardner .Pantagraph Novr. 16. .Kiln for Brick burning Novr. 16 .Horses. Why the Southern more successful at the North than the Northern. Novr 17
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    Undeserving as we are! yet we beseech the oh heavenly father not to withdraw thy Mercies from us: and induce us frequently [and] gratefully to re-contemplate thy Merciesand our own Conduct. Remembrances of long past occurrencies spread over the mind an enchanting tenderness [and] melancholy - while those of our Errors [and] pains fill us with regret or sorrow. - Did we worship this Divinity of Memory aright! it might become an aid to our Prudence [and] Conduct - to our happyness [and] Virtue All men are virtuous in recollection. As the Past will become at times Present - let us consider that the Present will become Past. Were
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    Were we to think that the little part we perform in the Drama of life, were to to be read [and] criticised, we should by more apt to endeavor to conduct ourselves aright.
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    January 2 Went to Savannah. Dined at Mr. Elliotts 3 Carpenters returned to Jehosse from Sava: Carolina from Sava came to D.h. to split rails Toby began to split rails 6 Visitation to M. place 8 Elliotts [and] Webbs family dined at D.h. 12 Went to town. [and] in the Sloop as far as Parkers at Accabe. - Sent Will to meet at Mr P. with the Chair. Sloop. went to town with hay from Sava: - [and] the hay Screw from Ashley hall. 15 Sumpters boat arrived in C-ton with 1000. bushels of My corn from Waterree. NB. Custom, allows no demurrage, until after a week for unloading. Agreed. 17 Returned to D.h. 18 Went to Sava: 25. bals. rice beat out. NB. the Negroes began to be dieted on Corn the 12. at 1. bushel a day. The Potatoes being finished - [and] Peas also - excepting for Seed.
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    January Carolina returned to Savannah from D.h. the 14. 21 Sloop arrived at Dh. with bushels of my corn fro - the Waterree. [etc]. from Factor, [and] purchases. 23 Dined with Mr. Price, Wilton 24 At Jehosse. Waggon sent to Sa: 26 Made a new agreement with the Overseer. The Crop promises to turn out well. - See Jehosse book. 27 Left Jehosse. Arrived. D.h. NB. on the 25- the negroes began to Diet on the Waterree corn. 1.3.0 - to [and] for the 28. Miss Reb: Z married last monday, the 24. 29 Corn for the Negroes the ensuing week Adults 20 at 52ts. pr. W - 3.0.6 Infants 12 - 2 1/2 - 0.3.6 4.0.4 30 Attended a meeting of the Commis: of Roads. No board 31 Laid out the Spring field East of the Avenue - Along the course of the Sunk fence, from ditch to ditch, it measures 630 feet - 9 [and] 1/2 Chains [and] 11. feet: being - 6 tasks, [and] 8 feet for 4 drains of 2. feet each. The Eastern ditch is to be 5, [and] the bank 5 feet wide
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    January 31 Finished repairing the ha-ha ditch. NB. Horses. began Decr: 27. to feed on rough rice. 42ts. a day for 5. - [and] 2 for one. Sloop left D.h. 24. - at Savannah 25. in the evening Waggon sent the 24. to Sava to carry rice - broke. December. continued 23 Sent Will to town on horse - He returned with Mr. Smiths chair [and] 2. horses. 26. See last page 27 Sent Will to town on horse. Sloop arrived in town with 63. barrels of rice new? 28 Will returned. Assemble . at D.h. Izard, Ladson Bull. Pringle. 30 The Girls began to take lessons of dancing from Monsr. Placide at Mrs. Izards.
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    February 1 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.M 2 Sloop arrived a.m. at the Wharf. with 29 barrels - being rice from Jehosse, damaged. She left Sava: on the 31. at day light. 3 Sloop departed for Jehos: 4 E. Rutledge wrote that he would dispute in Chancery to pay his Bond he gave to Mr. H. Middleton for 6000 G: - By his presumtions he has already done much injury to Mr. M. Co-heirs. - and will occasion more trouble. Such friendship and Abilities! Returned to D.h. 7 Went Mr. Gardens at G.creek - via Michau 3.h.15 Min returned by Parkers 3.h.0. M - NB to Michaus 2h.15. M. NB. Gardens barn. A foundation wall of brick a foot above the ground. the Roof is supported by Piers 1 1/2 brick thick, [and] 4 feet wide. The interspaces of 6 feet, are boards nailed to two pieces or Bars of Scantling. 9 Began to make the S.E. ditch in Spring field - It is to be
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    February 11 Sloop arrived in the eveng. at D.h. from Jehosse, with 13 bacon hogs - 14 turkies. She arrived at Jehosse [and] left it 7. in the Evening 13 Sent Jack on horseback to Goosecreek Mr. G. for some shrubs - Got only Honey suckle [and] Dog-wood. Herrings come The Negroes sent to Hoopers bridge. to work on the bulk head, [and] then on the roads. Gross tallow 56 lb. when purified yielded 39 lb fit for candles - [and] 14 1/2 fit only for soap. 14 Glens, Doan called at D.h in his way to town. He says there was a sale last week of his late masters furniture - That T.D. bought him. That his master G.D. was building a good house on the Grimbal tract bought by T.D. that there was a pretty good crop of rice, upwards of 60 barrels, T.D. was carrying to Ocean to beat out: - was made by 14 or 16 taskables of his Masters. That G. Sold sold at times many cattle but not to the injury of the Stock. The Stock not
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    February not hunted up yet. A Pair! jealous - secret - suiting their conduct. 20 Sloop. went from D.h. to Sava: Met P.S. yesterday at T.M. who lays dangerously ill. Baron came to T.M. the girls returned home from their visitation to C-ton. 27 Sloop left Sava: - with 27. barrels rice. to get some repairs in town.
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    March 3 Went to town. Chair. 4 Returned 5 Mr. E.R. filed: yesterday a Bill in Equity against T.M. [and] had Mr. Jo. M. [and] Js. Ladson commissioned to Question T.M. on Oath. this mode may be lawful. It is perhaps also insidious - ungenerous. [see notes below] 7 Mr. Robins came to attend T.M in his dropsical situation Yesterday morning Carolina Dick Sandy Toby from Sava: began with [etc.] to scout the ditch [and] repair the banks of the lower lake at D.h. 9 Went to C-ton. chair. Bowles - Perrys bill. 11 Returned from town to. T.M. 13 Sent in the Canoe Tim, [and] Quash Toby [and] Cimon carpenters, to assist Mesrs. Rivers [and] Yates to repair my Sloop in town. Repairs began. 15 T.M. being in as fair prospect of recovery as can be [se notes below] I with the children returned home to D.h. J having resided there from the 20 [and] Heara: from the 21 of February. the others from the 24. [notes] tho I apprehend this disorder will be fatal - they returned to C-ton the 8. [and] E.R. was disappointed.
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    March 18 Exeter returned from his ramble, which commenced Decr. 29. He says he was picked up by some runaways, [and] forced to Stay at their camp near Parkers ferry - which being routed they scattered [and] he came home. 21 T.M. Delivered to me a Certificate relative to the Congaree lands. 28 T.M. sailed from my landing in Mr. Wraggs schooner with part of his family in hopes of receiving benefit from a residence on Sullivans island. 29 I went to town. Chair. 1.h.m. Sloop put out of hand this evening. No body at work on her except a caulker on some thrifling work - [and] my carpenters hanging the rudder [and] fixing some irons under the inspection of Rivers - 30 Sloop left town for D.h. Yesterday I sent Jack to Accompany Paris with 1. gelding [and] 3 Mares viz a chesnut, black, [and] a bay to the Plantation at the Waterree. NB I was seized with a Cold on the 9. consequences Catarh - afterwards an obscure irregular intermittent fever - rheumatic pain in the left side of the face. 27. took bark - 31 - Pain gone
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    April 1 Returned to D.h. 3 Sloop. painted the sides - payed the Decks . with tar [and] Spanish brown. It 9 lb of Sp. brown ground in oil - but of the powdered ochre 6 or 7 lb had been enough 4 Went to make a planting visit to Mr. N Heyward at Combahee. Dined [and] laid at Col. Shirvings. 5 Left Col. S. at 9 a.m. arrivd at Mr. H. at 3.15. p.m. - 31. miles: at one draft with one horse. Visited with Mr. N.H. his Savah plantation 6 Visited with him his tide land plantation on Combahee - [and] do. on Cuckolds creek. These two are 3 miles distant from the place where he resides - [and] frequently he visits them twice a day. - See the paper of Memoraa: of Mr. H. Oconomy 7 Visited the Savannah lands he bought of Mr. Gibbes. this he is forming into a plantation - which like his own Savah. are flowable with the tides by an artificial canal.
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    April 8 Left Mr. Heywards at 7 - and arrived at Mr. Prices at Wilton about 1/2 after 2. The Distance is 36 miles time [7.30] 5. hours - Rate of traveling 5 - miles - The draft 1. horse, neither changed or rested - but while speaking about 1/2 an hour to two travellers. 9 At Jehosse. 10 Took an account of the Cattle - [and] marked [and] branded. 11 Went to Mr. Seabrooks - Systematised the Edisto mode of Cultivating [etc.] Cotton - Hence resolved to add to the crop now planting, 18 or 20 acres of Cotton. 12 Returned to Jehosse Sloop arrived there last night. 13 Returned to D.h. NB. Jack returned form the Waterree the 6. the black mare, used by Quash, he left at Col. Moores, where it died 15 Went to Savannah 17 Went to Town. Chair. 1.h.m. 19 Went to Sullivans island to see T.M. Seems better, tho weak [and] low.
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    19 Sloop from Jehosse with 89. barrels rice arrived in town 22 Returned to D.h. 24 Sloop arrived at D.h. with 1. hdd. Porter. - 12 hoes, Sava: - the crew went to Sava: I went to town. Chair - 1.h.m. 27 Went to see T.M. at Sulliv: island - he seems Stronger - rode this day on horseback. Disorder not inerd: - 29 Returned to D.h. the young gelding Careless, brought from Sava: to break - 3 Years old this grass - NB my fence along the road at D.h. was burned in parts - the 4 [and] 5. in consequence of Treasers ordering his Stuttering boy to go [and] burn all the old fields [and] woods in the neighbourhood. On the 9 Jack saw him, at T.D's Roses plantation on a cream horse with a fire brand. On being questioned, he said his master ordered him to burn as mentioned above. He had just set fire at T.D. Walnut hill - he saw him put fire to Roses old field - behaved saucily to Jack [and] Dary - he then went on [and] fired the fields at Gordons. Then W. Ladsons fence was burned.
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    May 4 to town. Chair. 1.h.m. - Went to Sava: the 2. 6 Returned to D.h. 8 Went to Jehosse. 11 Went to Edistow to converse with Cotton planters [and] Tabby work 12 Returned to Jehosse. The crop is all planted except 16 acres of rice [and] 15 or 16 Acres of corn in the Swamp. What is planted in in good condition and forwardness - tho the growth on the high land is not luxuriant from the long drouth See Jehosse Diary 13 Returned to D.h. 15 Carpenters. 3 came to Dh. to repair the Fence along the road. Finished the 16 Flimnap son of Harlestons Flimnap died by Bolts. Tho kepts as when he was most beautiful, he looked poor [and] half Starved. I designed for some weeks past to give him [illegible] for cure: but it was neglected by other business. I was blameable. NB Delays are dangerous, is a true adage. Banish them hereafter. 17 Went to Savannah. Began their payment for last years industry. 19 Signed as one of the Co-heirs of H.M. a Lease [and] Release to
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    to Elias Boultner of 350 Acs: S. of Saludy river in 96 Distr. The purchase money 62:0.0 [pounds] was paid to P.S. Witness. D. Deas- Chs. Beckman 20 Sent Will to town. Retd. 21. 22 Went to Savannah. Fatima dropped a Colt from Fenwicks horse Commerce the 17.th. 23 Went to C-ton. Chair. 1.h.m. To settle the payment due by the Estate to T. Bowles. 26 Returned to D.h. 29 Launched the canoe Hippopotamus - well payed and painted NB the 20 began to repair the garden fence of the S.E. ha-ha - finished 24. 30 Sent Will on horse. to town 31 The lower lake bank broke inward by the E wind [and] high tides - there being but little water in the lake. NB. Seaboy absconded the 22.
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    18 - June 5. Fatima brought from Sava: to D.h, with her colts Lofty and Commerce 3 Sent to Sava. a Celaret. with 2. cases Wine - 1. Brandy 1. Rum. 4 Dishes 4. Plates. 1 Mug. 1. Glass. 14 Inoculated 5. childred of Dianah 1. of Peggie .1. of All failed. 15 Went to C-ton. Chair - 1.h.man Bought a pair of Optic glasses - they being assistant in some cases - as - where the object or letters are not clear in themselves - where the distance of small objects are too near the eye, as small letters, angles. points, lines [etc.] or too light in color, whereby the eye is Strained to attain a proper focus. they are of little or no use where Objects are Beyond their focus, or when within it, are moderately large. 18 Returned to D.h. 22 Sent the new Canoe on her first Voyage to Jehosse with sundries - via Charleston. Went to Jehosse. Crop excelt. 24 Returned to Dh. from Wilton in 5. hours. at 15 M. past Ten 25 Went to C-ton. Chair. 1.h.m. the Judges calling for the Injunction cause to brought on this Term. The Carpenters - to work this
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    this day - [and] until farther orders, at Savannah. 28 Canoe from Jehosse with sundries arrived in town for sundries for D.h. NB the 20. brought from Savaa. to D.h. 12 cows - 12 calves - [and] the bull from Ladsons. NB Charles seized with a fever the 15. It returned 4 times in 5 days. the first fit continued 4 hours. the 2.42 - the 3 [and] 4 - 19 [and] 20. [and] the 5.3 hours. He took pink root [and] calomel after the 2d. - he passed one Worm - took no bark. [Notes] by Mr. Fenwicks - travelling time 5.h.15. minutes. See 22.24.
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    July 1 Returned to D.h. 3 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.m. 8 Returned home. The Judges having for their convenience postponed the Injunction Cause 11 NB. Charles had a fever the 4. 6. [and] 8. - took bark [and] has had no return The Carpenters 3. began to grave [and] pay the Sloop. 14 .do. finished do. [and] the repairing of canoe, making blocks [and] a new anchor Stock. 20 Carpenters Toby [and] Cimon returned to Savannah in the evening. 21 Do. Quash. do. NB Sloop left D.h. for Jehosse via Charleston. To carry Ammunition [etc.] [and] to bring a load of Rice. 17. 24 Went to C-ton. to settle with Mr. Bowles on Acct. of half of the Legacy due to my Sister S. 28 Returned to D.h. NB While in town I had a slight fever the 26 28 Fever returned in evening. NB the 24. Fever returned on Chas. slight. 29 Sloop at Stono on her return from Jeho: with 65. bals. rice. - Jack says her leakage prevents his carrying more. So Mr. Rivers [and] Yates carpenters.! 30 No return of fever - we having taken Cort. Por. 31 The waiting boy Billy returned
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    from a visit to his father Jack, T.D. driver at the Ocean plantation. He gives the following account relative to that place 20 half taskables - 10. taskables 40. Taskables - 40/50 - of which 8 belongs to the Estate of G.D. They plant 277. acres of rice besides provisions. They have no reserve of water, it being planted. Hence each taskable plants 5 1/2 Acs. rice. - there were 350 or 60. bals. rice beat out at the Ocean last winter. See Feby. 14. G.D. may have made 4 1/2 [and] T.D. 7. bals. with each Taskable.
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    August 1 Went to Jehosse Crop. Rice very good - the field planted the two last years in corn will probably produce near 4. barls. to the acre. The Corn is injured by the bugs. The Cotton is tolerably good: it having been planted rather late 27 - April. 4 Returned to D.h. 14 Sent to Jehosse by Ben 2 Guns - Ben says that the sloop left Jehosse the 11. with a load of rice 20 I heard that poor T.M. died yesterday fore noon at Sullivans island. Long had be laboured lingering with dropsical complaints. When men live with simplicity truth and integrity - independant in our transactions with men - [and] with humility [and] gratitude to God - [and] with hope [and] confidence in his Mercy - then Death looses its terrors, [and] is rather to be wished for. It is to be considered as the means of deliverance from terrestial anguishes of body (the mind being exempt by our good conduct in life) - [and] as a gate thro which we pass to unsullied Bliss. Oh
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    Oh that we should frequently reflect in this manner! - It would aid us to amend our lives - to smooth the pillow of dayly rest, [and] final departure. 23 Sloop at Sava this day - She left town Saturday 19. A.M. Mr. Simons says - Went to town. Chair. 1.h.man 25 Shewed Perry [and] his Mothers Rects. to the Master in Equity. Taylor pro. temp. 27 Returned to D.h. 28 I heard that my neighbor at Long Sava. T.O. Elliott died yesterday evening in town, after a tedious illness. A worthy man - industrious, strong healthy constitution. Even a few words may bring us to the grave. 31 Quash says the Sloop only required a little caulking at the head [and] Stern posts a little above water; where the oakum was dry [and] shrunk for want of being wet now [and] then by loads [etc.] She departed for Jehosse the 24.
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    September 3 Toby delivered a letter from Jehosse. Sloop Quash met at the mouth of the E.branch of Stono river. It leaked very much when going to Jehosse. 4 Raft. Carpents. returned to Dh. 6 No return of feverishness which incommoded me - having taken bark yesterday. 10 Sent from Sava 8 taskables to assist the harvest at Jehosse. 11 Went to town Chair. 1.h.man. 13 Returned. 16 Will brought the 10 yrs - old wine Vintage 1787 purchased from the agent of the late French [and] British consuls. Nr. 2 is richer - Nr 3 more fit for use. 18 The Savannah assistants at Jehosse, returned. 22 Received a Cone of the Cedar of Lebanon: having requested my nephew J.D. to induce his wifes uncle, Mr. Rose who lately went to England, to send some. 24 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.man 26 the Canoe came to town for sundries 28 Returned to D.h. - Canoe do. - NB. Charles had a fever the 24 - 25. 27. with but little intermission. 28. took bark. No return Maria had a fever the 28 - took cathartie [and] bark 29. - 30 No return. The Chesnut bay mare, largest, Charlottes, died a few days ago.
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    October 1 Feverish in the evening. 3 Had a slight fever in the night 4 Took Cath [and] bark. - No return. 8 Emanuel bitten by a Spider, on the ancle. About an hour after, he felt sick [and] faint. He then felt a dull pain in his groin; which proceeded to his loins [and] to his Stomach [and] sides. The pain now [and] then became sharp. He was unable to stand or help himself. they gave him plantain juice - he vomited bile [and] sour Stuff. Toby [and] Exeter brought him on their backs from Savannah to D. hall. Gave him an Emelic which gave him some relief. About an hour after it ceased, gave him 4 spoons full of melted butter. [and] an hour after 1/2 pint of milk 9 Sickness [and] pain gone. Very feeble. Sensations of a bruised pain in his loins [and] knees. The 6 day he resumed business. 12 Went with Charles to town. Chr. 1.h.man. - Injunction Decree. 15 Returned. 19 Went to Town. Chair. 1 h.man 20 Early in the Morning came on a great Storm. Beds trembled - some houses fell - Shipping much damaged. trees blown down 22 Returned. 24 Heard that my Nephew Peter Smith a very promising youth
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    October was on the 22. after church service shot in one of the batteries in Charleston, deliberately by the keeper. Even in danger of destruction ourselves, who can expect to evade inquistions arising from social regards. Patience [and] Resignation - how should ye be prized! 30 Went to town to contribute consolation to P.S. 31 Ice. NB. 29. Killed one of the fat Steers brought from Savannah. NB. Sloop 29. Sloop. left Sava. - in town the 31. NB. Carolina absconded the 26. Note for Nov. 16. He has two clay pits, which are worked alternately with 12 or 14 Oxen. preparing clay for one Table. A table requires one man to Mould the bricks. another to supply the table with tempered clay, by a wheel barrow. [and] 3 boys to carry the new formed bricks, to be piled.
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    November 2 Sloop left town with clothing [and] blankets. Sloop at Jehosse 5 Arrived at home 6 Went to Jehosse 7 Ice. Martin swallows. 8 Mr. Seabrook dined with me. He observed that the Cotton in the tide land was preferable to that on the highland. - having few or no vacancies among the plants - no canker of the plants whereby its pods perish. That from what he saw he had no doubt but had it been sown in the early part of the Season it had at least equalled the best crops on Edistow. 9 Sloop went with clothing for Savannah. during night. 10 Arrived at D.h. NB. the fine Colt Lofty died 11 Went to Savannah. 12 Sloop at Stono branch - The Negroes from Savannah came with the negroe cloth to D.h. from the Sloop. 13 Distributed clothing [and] blankets to the negroes of D.h. [and] Sava: - 14 Departed for Columbia via the S. Canal [and] Stateburgh. Slept at P.S Goosecreek: where I found the Governor, also on his Journey to Columbia.
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    15 Left P.S. at IX. 30. [and] arrived at Col. Senfs head quarters at the Santee canal at 5. p.m. - It is 52. Miles from C-ton, [and] 32. M. from P.S. avenue at the public road. Average rate of travelling - 5. miles an hour. 16 Went with Col. S. in a trackshuyt drawn by one horse from lock to lock, [and] back, 4 miles in 40 minutes. He says the Canal will most probably be finished about April or May next. He prepares clay for bricks by a horse mill under a Shed. A Spurr wheel of 20 ft. diamr. turns 2. lantern wheels on perpendicular shafts, having thereon several instruments resembling knives to cut the clay. these shafts turn round in the midst of a narrow tub 365 about 6 or 7 ft deep, in which the clay to be tempered is thrown. the fresh clay occasionally thrown in at the top, forces the tempered clay out beneath. The periphery or fellies of the wheel is formed with planks, one over another: in the lower one, the tenants for the Cogs are sawed. The cogs when driven thro, are fastened on the inner part of the fellies with pegs. Revert. a note below October.
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    November The Wheel barrows are very handy, [and] carry about 100 lb of earth, [and] are readily unburthened. 17. inches diar. 1.1 3.1 1 - 1.3 2 - 1.1 3 - 1.6 4 - 2.3 5 - 2.3 6 - 1.6 Pantagraph. a plate of glass fixed in a frame elevatable as a musick Stand. On this is placed a drawing, [and] on the drawing, a fair paper. the light of the Sun, or a candle, behind, especially when reflected by a Mirror, renders the out lines of the drawing visible thro the fair paper, on which they may be traced Brick kiln. arches 2 or 3 bricks wide. 2 1/2 or 3 feet high. Stop the seams in the face of the kiln, with clay, to confine the heat. Keep it burning constantly for 8 days. Stop with bricks [and] clay the aperture of the arches on one side, [and] keep a fire supplied on the other for 4. days - then reverse the operations. Left Col. Senfs at XI. 20. Arrived at W. Bulls at 4.30.M. after Stoping at Mount tacitus, 10 or 15. Minutes - Average of travel 5. Miles an hour.
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    November 17 Frost. Fair. cloudy. Rain Dillet. Water mill wright. - Water trunks. To place them even [and] firm. Place piles in a row at 6 feet distance. Oppose to it another similar row, but distant from it equal to the width of the Trunk - their heads being tenanted place thereon a mortoised frame - on this the Trunk to rest. The Piles 10 or 15 ft. long - even of pine saplins barked. To prefent the blowing up of the T.- let the floor be even with, or below, the water, always. - Or - along the mud sills at the mouth of the T. (which mud sills should on each side enter the bank 2 or 3 feet.) drive down two - inch planks 8 or 10 ft. long: each Plank to have one edge rounded, [and] the other grooved to receive the other Pl. The heads of these piling planks are kept in their proper position at the Sill by an iron clamp called a Dog which being placed close to the pile to be driven, is itself then driven into the Sill - where it remains until the head of the Pl. is secured to the Sill by a pin or spike: it is then removed [and] similarly re-applied. The lower end of the plank keeps is right position by means of their form [drawing of sill plank] .viz one side being strait to the end. the other, for a few inches, tapering as a Wedge. Water course floors, to prevent the earth from washing away where the water falls, or would
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    fall otherwise too near the floor of the wheel, or the trunk - [and] undermine the works. 1. are Sills placed on piles. on the sills are placed the floors. The Upper floor is on 3, or 4 rows of piles across the water course - the lower, along. - these rows are about feet apart. The floors are about 2. ft. wider at the lower end that the water may spread [and] so have less force. Compare this with Senfs Plan acct. in Essay paper, Water bank. The Piles are driven by a Tup. - i,e, Ram, hence rammer. It is a log 3. ft. long; squared, to give a base of 14. inches, [and] a top of 10. It weighs about 200 lb. - on the top are 4 pins - [and] in the 4. sides are fixed 4. pins - these serve as handles - it being to be raised by 4 men, who stand on a cross made with Two-inch planks, having a mortoise in the middle which recieves the tenanted head of the Pile. the cross is put on the P. the P. is then elevated perpendicular - it is then hauled down into the Mud - its becomes more depressed by one man getting on; then 2. 3. 4. then, the Tup is taken up, to work. [drawing of Tup in the use of two operators]
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    November Left mount Tacitus XI. 30. min. Arrived at Manchester. 6.p.m. - 26. miles NB Horse jockeys. - have two prices - asking, [and] taking. The higher you ask, said one of the two rogues, the more your horses will be esteemed - therefore, ask high by all means. Horses raised in the South are successful in the race at the North, because they are more braced - [and] vice versa. Wateree boats. built for 500 dollars - carry freight to C-ton for 1/3 or 1/4 then sold for 1000. D. 18 Hazy - no frost - very cold - Bill 12/2 - Fare, coarse. Passed thro Stateburgh - Arrived at Sylvesters before dinner, - His crop is Cotton. 6 acres to each taskable. plants are 5 feet distant in squares - cultivated by ploughs to the last. the Black seed species is regarded as much inferior to the Green velvet coated seed - which color changes to the color of a Spanish olive or a brownish green, when dry. the black seed maturates late, scanty, [and] imperfect, but it gins freely - the Green seed is the reverse. The harvest of the 1. begins but little before frost - the 2d. the begining or middle
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    November of August. On the 18 instant Mr. Eveleigh had harvested 11.000 lb Green seed from 20 Acres -. while 80 Acres of black seed yielded only 11.000. On the sea coast the black seed is preferrred, as it Gins freely, [and] yeilds sufficient to employ the Manufacturers until it is time to prepare the ground for another crop. Hereabout, they gin by water, [and] horse mills. The Cotton barn consists of two appartments of 16 ft. square each, with a passage of 8 ft. between - all under one roof. The wall is 13 courses of Logs. 6 ft. from floor to wall plate. Roof - shingles 6. ft., but those for the ridge 7 1/2 feet, [and] lap over 15 to 24 inches. [drawing of log cabin]
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    November Cotton Stove. a log house clayed - 11 by 15. in clear. The wall 6. ft. high. a board cieling. A fleu is carried the length of the floor, [and] terminates in a chimney - all within the house - A Stage of canvass is erected 2 or 3. ft. above the fleu, on which the cotton is spread to be dried for the Gin. a good method. Stove or Fleu - its wall, breadth of a brick thick - its arch, thick, the depth of a brick: - its floor 6 breadths of a brick - 1 ft. 10. wide. Arch of Fleu 1 Ft. 10. high. Wall at the mouth 2. bricks thick [and] 3. courses above the outer [and] greater arch. The mouth of the Fleu is without the wall of the house. 19 H. frost. Ice. Fair Went to my plantation on the Waterree. Harvesting slow for want of the due number of horses for the waggon. 45. acres are harvested. - Produce 78 waggon loads each - 28 bushels Net. - to 48 bushels an Acre. This [drawing of stove mouth] Stove mounth [drawing of Cotton Stove house] Ctoon Stove House
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    November seems a very large produce - but the number of acres are computed. I doubt the product load. Sylvester conjectures he planted 100 Acres of corn - [and] that it may average at least 32 or 33. bushs. an acre. See letter Decr. 9. - Horses on the plantation - 1. chesnut mare 1. bay do. from Jehosse. Henriettas black filley [and] the Stray gelding are dead. 20 No frost. Fair. Moderate. Visited Mrs. Kinlock - Lay at W. Morants. Van H. Stove very powerful in his chamber. The floor of the coal area, [and] the aperture of the mouth of chimney, each 12. inches square. The funnel is formed by layers of 4 bricks. [drawing of brick funnel] Hence the funnel is but 4 or 5. Inches Sq: 21 Fair, warm. Returned with Mr. P. home We agree the plough does little or no more work with its attendants than equal number of manual labourers. tho it is better done. the advantage of plough culture is not greater than the hoe. If the expence of purchasing a horse is small yet the expense of feeding, [and] supplying, the dead or unservicable horses, are considerable 22 Fair. warm. Left Mr. Sylvesters at 12. The Burrough at XII. 40. arrived at the Ferry II. 20. NB. 1.h.10.min. in passing 3 miles of Swamp. Arrived at III. At Brisbanes 1. mile from his Ferry. Travelling 6
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    November miles in 2:20 min. Arrived at Miers tavern 13 m. from Brisbanes at V: 40. Rate of travel - 5. miles. 23 Cloudy - warm. Rain. Left M. - IX.35 Arrived t Columbia XII.20. - 14. miles. Rate of Travel 5 miles an hour. I. being the 19. member compleated the Quorum to form a house of Senate. 26 Stores from C-ton, arrived. 30 E. Rutledge arrived. December- contd. Jany ind sec 16 Legislature adjourned. 17 Left Columbia at X.15.m. - Passed Brisbanes ferry at sunset viz. IV.56.m. - arrived at Stateburgh at VIII. NB. - Had I not spent an hour to dine on the road, I might have closed my journey pleasantly with the twilight about 1/2 post 5. 18 Dined at Sylvesters - Lay at W. Morants. Had no experience yet of their Mill cotton Gins. 19 Ice. Fair. Arrived at W. Bulls by Pinckneys ferry at sun-set. 32. miles. 20 Rain. cold. Staid at W.B. 21 Ice. very severe cold. Fair. Arrived at Col. Senfs half crippled with cold - 22 Ice. hoar. fair. cold. Arrived at P.S. Gooscreek before sun set. 23 Arrived at D.h. before dinner - All well. Thanks to God. 26 Weather severe 21. 2. 3. 4. 5. Thaw last night 27 Sloop in town with 63. bals. new rice 31 Laus Deo. -
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    Diary 1798. - Index. -
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    1798 January. - 7 Returned Mr. Smiths Chair [and] horse by Will. Ferry. 2. horses. 8 Will returned on horse. 9 Slept at Mr. Price's - Wilton 10 At Jehosse - 12 Sloop left Jehosse with 74 barrels of rice. NB. the hatches could not close on 2.6 blls. in the hatchway - [and] 6 were aft on the deck, to aid the helm. 13 Went to Mr. Seabrooks. Mr. Bayles large Gin produces from 90 to 110 or 120 lb clean cotton dayly. It is worked by one hand - [and] supplied by 2. cripples, or small children. 14 Returned To Jehosse. 15 Do. to D.h. 18 Jack groom way-laying Mrs. M. negroes detected removing from her house a flitch of small bacon, [and] 2. pieces of fresh beef smoaked. This beef was part of my fattest ploughing ox, missing since Sunday 14. - She is wife to Wanache the Driver. 23 Went to town. Chair. 1 horsemn. Canoe do. 27 Do. returned 28 Self do.
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    February 1 Went with Henrietta to town 2 Sloop arrived at D.h. with hogs poultry [and] rice for the house - [and] 46. bals. rice for the market 4 Returned with H. home 5 the 3. carpenters came from Jehosse to work at D.h. Seaboy returned with Mr. Ladson to interceed - he having absconded since May 22. 6 Began to repair with 6 men the breach in the lower lake. 7 Began to kill hogs for Bacon 8 Carpenters went to Savanh. to fell timber for carpentry. [and] wheelright. 10 Saw a right angled cross in a clear sky, formed by two white Straight clouds extending nearly due N, [and] East. It extended full 2/3 of the hemisphere - nor appeared then any other cloud but a bank low in the S.W. 11 Went with all the children to town - a frolick for the race [etc.] 13 Sloop arrived in town - [and] 14 Delivered at Gadsdens wharf 46. barrels rice - tho the Ovr. said he sent but 45. - NB. To repair the Dam 2 days was occupied - [and] to raise it about 3/4 [or 1.] foot 1 1/2 day more.
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    15 Sloop left town for Jehosse 23 Mr. R. Smiths ball 25 We returned to D.h. - 28 Mr. Blackwall came, evening March 1 Sloop from Jehosse with 34. bals. rice. [and] 40 bus. cotton seed - [and] 40 bals. rice on Act. of Mr. Peyton - passed Wappoo. 7 Went to C-ton with Charlotte [and] Maria. Informed by Factor that my Sloop and some rice damaged by a Camden boat. Letter by Sandy. - 10 Sloop examined . 5. upper timbers to be replaced. Leaks Stopped - sailed for Jeho. via Savannah, evening 16 Arbitration relative to the damages of Sloop finished in my favor. 18 Left town with Charlotte [and] M. Recd. by Dick cooper, returned from Jehosse, a letter - Coopers shop [and] tools burned. 22 Began to sow Cotton seed at D.h. [and] the 15. at Savannah 27 Went to Jehosse. Sowing cotton seed began - on the high land the 21 - tide land 26 29 Went to Edistow club. the Cotton planters yet differ in their opinions relative to
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    March to advantage or injury to the crop, in consequence of toping or pruning. Cotton seeds - excellent food for cows [and] sheep, as they chew the cud. Hogs it injures [and] kills - [and] it is supposed would be equally so to horses. It is very fattening, [and] productive of rich milk [and] butter in quantities considerably increased. - Seeds of the Porde of India, Melia, [and] Corn, 1. quart of each - they find excellent food for horses. Palma christi. Seeds. A barrel containing about 9 bushels thereof, sold in Holland last summer for more than 20 [pounds]. 30 Returned to Jehosse. Mr. Hannahans daughter 3. months old has cut two teeth. NB the 7. recd. from Savannah 4. bacon hogs; which were all killed before the 17. This finished killing for Bacon this Season.- Total recd. from Savannah - 7 Do. Jehosse - 12/19
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    April 1 Left Jehosse 2 Called on Mr. Osborne, to accompany to the meeting of the Road commissioners for St. Pauls. - About XI. it began to rain, [and] continued showing all day - which prevented me from going there. 3 Returned to D.h - 10 Went to Savannah. Planting Deforme Nr. 1. Gave permission for the waters of Elliotts Savannah to pass thro my land for this Season only. 12 Went to town. Chair. 1.h.man NB. Sloop from Jehosse unloaded 79. bls. rice yesterday morning, [and] yet laying in the dock idling - She passed by Pratilla 8 - said he arrived 10. at evening being detained by Campbells raft in Wappoo cut. 15 Returned to D.h. 17 Sloop arrived at D.h. with 297 1/2 bushels of corn. 2. barrls. lime 18 bushels. 2. barrels - 18 bushels seed rice. 2. bars. flour [and] chaff. - also a barrel bushels of salt for Jehosse Exeter, bricklayer came to underpin the pallisades - NB the old paling was in the lowest part 4. feet 0. inches high - The Carpenters came from Savannah yesterday. The children caught a young Faun within the Gate the 13 -
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    April 19 Spiseggar called. tuned Pia. for 20 Exeter finished underpining [etc.] at 4 p.m. - Went to town 21. 23 Brought to D.h. 6. cows [and] 6 calves from Savannah Sent the Mare Fatima to Mr. Fenwicks horse Commerce 24 Mr. Blackwall came from Mr. Blakes 26 Went to Savannah. Quantity of cotton crop will be defective. Gave Tom driver a Memento - NB. It had been better for me to have given it sooner. NB. Let the times of accounts [and] adjustment be not longer than 2 or 3 Weeks. 27 the 3 Carpenters returned to work at Savannah 29 Tom driver while on his way to D.h. caught a buck Faun - it is less than the other was 30 Brittannia foaled a colt in the night. NB Examining the Account of the corn delivered by Jack from the Sloop - Patroon Jacks account makes it but 295 1/2. some has fallen indeed thro the ceiling - groom Jack says 290. [and] Charles his account makes it but Tho I paid for 300. bushels.
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    May 1 Brought from Savannah 2. bulls - 6. cows. 6 calves - 1. Yearlg. 4 The colt Commerce died - 7 Went to Jehosse. Met the overseer near Mrs. Farrs. Philip says he went from the Island the 5. NB. after breakfast. NB. George to town. 9 Went to Edistow. Mr. W. Edins planted cotton on a sandy loam, 12 May last. produced 150 lb pr. Acre. Mr. T. Binyard planted last year a Stiff clay loam - hard as a brick - on little Edistow. 5 or 5 1/2 acres. Produce, near 900 lb. No one was reputed there to have made a better crop. It was a better crop than his better land on Hilton-head produced. It seems few plant more than 4 or 4 1/2 acres to each taskable. or produce more than 150 lb pr. Ace. - Mr. B. Seabrook planted on Fenwicks island, 20 Acres 4 hands. produce 9000. lb. [see notes below] But at harvest had 4. [and] often more assistants. This indeed but a choice spot an old cowpen - therefore improper to found calculations upon for fields. 3. Carpenters came from Savannah yesterday, to Jehosse. 12 Returned to D.h. 27 Sent the mare Brittannia to Mr. Fenwicks horse, Commerce. 30 Went to Savannah [Notes] It turned out in Gining 7000 lb that is 350 lb pr. Acre
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    June 2. Sent Will to town. 8 Went to town with Maria. chair 10 Returned home. Left off the winter Vests [and] breeches. NB Yesterday Carolina was taken by Seaboy; Toby [and] Joe. Seaboy entraped him. He has been absent since Oct 26. last - 12 Went to Savannah. Boat Jack is thought to have deserted from no reason but lazyness. 16 Jack boat, came to D.h. says he has been sick in town. Sent him to Sava. 17 Sent Carolina to Savannah. 19 Requested by Mrs. Izard to visit her daughter Louisa. 26 Returned to D.h. from Mrs. Z. having been there with one or another of my daughters from the 19. her daughter having been dangerously ill from worms. this afternoon they went to town. Revd. Mr. Blackwall came. 29 Went to Savannah -
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    July 2 Went to R.S. junr. in the evening - distance 13 m. 2 1/2 hours - ride pleasant. the day had been hot. 3 Arrived at Wilton, crossing the Bay swamp. 13. miles - 2.h.55. - morning mod: horse at case. road bad. Day hot. dined at Mrs. F. Went to Jehosse before sun set. 4 Crop. Rice. tolerably clean - rather thin. - Cotton in the Swamp tolerable growth - suffered from rains [and] grass: - on the high land almost lost [and] hid in grass. - Their flowers not yet put forth the flower buds being but of small size - [and] 1/2 of the plants have not any yet. The Cotton is much more backward than last year, [and] much thinner in proportion. The cotton buildings - The Gin house finished, [and] 2 gins erected. One house to recieve the cotton from the field is finished - the other not. 5 Lay at Mrs. Fawkes. Her crop of Corn [and] Cotton good - the latter very clean. Rice tolerable. 6 Arrived at Mr. R.S. before the family were risen. 7 Arrived at D.h. after breakfast NB. From Wilton to Rantowles bridge by the Jacksonburg road I saw 8 or 9 plantations of Cotton. None of them attracted by eye by
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    July by grass - all were clean but two - which had short grass sprouting . Mr. Savage told me he was in his 5 - hoeing, [and] his cotton was waste high [and] more, [and] flowering apace, [and] that it was reputed to be the best by all who had seen it. 8 I felt feverish. NB. When going to Jehosse I slept unknowing of a window being open near my head - it was concealed by a curtain - the night was foggy - 9 [and] 10 feverish. 11 took cathartic [and] Cort. Per. - 12 No fever 14 Carpenters Q. T. [and] C. at Savannah from Jehosse 17 Feverish. 18 19. Do. took Cathart. [and] Cor: Per: - 20 No fever. 28 Went to Savannah. NB. During this month there was Rain on 14. days - besides cloudy close weather. Wind was generally West.
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    August 4 Have been feverish 2 or 3 days past. Dam, lower lake, broke. 5 took Cort. per. 6 No return of fever. - 7 Maria - fever 8 Do. Took bark - no return 12 Sam [and] Hercules came from Jehosse to complain. But they were wrong Charlotte - fever afternoon. 16 Feverish [and] for 2 or 3 days past - 17 took 1 1/2 dr. red bark - No return 21 Brought from Savannah to D.H. 6. Cows 6. calves. There are now here. 1. Bull 29. cows. 26 calves [and] 8 Yearlings. 11. oxen. - total 75. - the total amount of the corn from the Waterree given out to the 20 - is equal 166-3.1. - 22 Sent corn to Savannah - 1-2 - 24 Geo. Ramille, Martin do. with Dr. Pringles Cuffy [and] Bob went to my Savannah plantation about bed time, armed, [and] drove [and] scattered my negroes from the settlement at bed time. the moon being bright. It is conjectured they came to Steal Toby's beehives, or some cattle - as 5 of tobys beehives were Stollen a few nights ago, [and] 2. head of cattle were found to have been fresh killed in the high land on the other side of the Swamp. when G.R. [and] Cuffy came prowling there on the morning of the 21. These 2. rogues are always prowling
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    August or hunting around [and] thro the plantation for Deer, horses, [and] no doubt looking about to plan rogueries. Sent the Sloop last night to town for Sundries - 26 Sloop returned to D.h - 28 Afternoon went to town. Chr.1.h 29 Sloop in town from D.h. 31 Do. left town in the evening, with corn for Jehosse
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    September 6 Returned home. 8 Went to Savannah Plant: In the lands lately planted with corn, whether loam or clay, the Cotton is of poor vegetation - also thin in the clumps [and] very nu-merous failures of clumps. Insomuch that in 83 or 4. Acres of such land all the good plants in it are not more than equal to about 10 or 8 acres. About 5 or 6 acres of clay low pasture land, new broke up, the Cotton is tolerably good. Deforme swamp. Nr. 1 [and] 3. sown 2. last years with Rice. [and] destroyed by grass [and] bugs. Nr. 1. is in general fine cotton, with a few baulks. [and] a little grass. Nr. 2. has failed near totally - by grass [and] the long continued Rains thro the summer. One wench began to gather Cotton. 10 Carolina came from Sava: to D.h. to Mow for Hay. 11 Also 3. carpenters from Sava: to make a cotton mill for Savannah NB Yesterday I put into excution a project meditated 4 or 5. Years ago. It appeared to me probable that the shrub palmetto or Chamcerops might be used with success in the cure of Intermittent fevers. Accordingly I sliced 2. oz: of the root which had beed gathered about 10 days. It was boiled in 1 1/2 pint of water [and] reduced to 1 1/4 - of which
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    which I gave to an Adult 2. spoons full for a dose every 2 or 3 hours - total 6. doses. 12 Maria [and] Self feverish 13 Cathart. [and] Bark. 14. no return. Charles in evening feverish - as he was the 11. both moderate. 14 Charles, fever in even took Cath: [and] bark - Evening fever returned moderate - 15 Charles - took bark Sloop arrived from Jehosse - brought, 18 bushels - 2 barrels of seed rice. 32. bushs. Oats - 10 bus. of corn from town for Savannah - also Quashe with a Syphilis. 23. Quashe began a course - Cor. Sub. Went to town with Henrietta - chair. 1.h.man. 25 Went with H. to Sullivans island - Surveyed the fort building there by Col. Senf. Excellently planned [and] constructed. 27 Left the island, [and] H. with Mrs. Izard. In my way to town called in at Schutes folly to inspect Fort Pinckney so much boasted about. It is a mere battery. The works are neat - I think it is very defective in goodness plan, [and] solidity of construction. It is however highly extolled by the friends of the Engineer, [and] those who must talk tho they do not understand. 30 Returned to D.h.
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    October 11 Went with Charles to town. Chair. 13 Sloop arrived in town from D.h. NB. 4. killed an Ox. Gave 18 Sloop left town for Savah. - 21 Returned with Charles to D.h. 23 Maria [and] Charles slight fever. John Pheley - bricklayer arrived at D.h. about 8. p.m. 25 Marias Faun died from eating too many pease- Hoar frost this day [and] yesterday - 28 Green pease at table - sown August 27. - 29 Hoar frost. Ice, thick as a Dollar. Cold wind Yesterday Charles received his young rabbits, half grown - a buck [and] a doe. Cotton. Its leaves have not felt any effect from frost until this day; they seem to be scalded. 30 Ice. wind cold. Sent canoe to town for 2. barrels of lime [and] 500. bricks. 31 Canoe returned without bricks, because Will could not bring all at one load. But to make amends, he called in at Willimans [and] brought bricks, which the bricklayer says are worthless; being unfit to bear either fire, or the weather. NB. 28. Sloop, the carpenters [and] Canoe, left Savannah for Jehosse, with Staves, Mortars, scantling [etc.]
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    November 1 Sent canoe to town for as many bricks as she could - carry. She returned about 9. p. m. with. 350. bricks. 3 Mr. W.B. Farr died by a rupture of some blood vessel in his breast. He had sustained similar attacks before. Yesterday he was well as usual, dined abroad, [and] supped at home. Canoe returned with the remains of 500. bricks, sent by Exeter. 4 Jack brought from Mr. Smiths at Goosecreek 3. Ewe goats. 5 John Phaley, bricklayer finished my reverbarotory Furnace for burning shells to Lime. It is shaped as an Egg - [and] is 9 1/2 feet deep: - Diameter at the floor, 1 1/2 - do. greatest, 6. ft. - Do. at The upper orifice, 4. feet. The Furnace took him [and] my bricklayer Carolina, 10 days to lay the bricks - including Carolina one day to deepen the hole into the earth. Two other fellows were at the same tune employed in carrying water, tempering [and] carrying mortar [and] handing bricks. 1. A section crossing the front 1. [drawing of the front of the reverbatory kiln] 2 2. A view of the front. the dotted lines shew the furnace within .4. See Appendix, Note
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    November 6 Went to Savannah. The Negroes began this day to get Myrtle. 8 Sent from D.h. to Savannah - 16. Cows. 14 Calves. 3 Yearlings or upwards. 1. Bull yearling 1. old Steer. Total 35. - Kept at D.h. 4. Cows. 4 Calves 7. Oxen. 1 Yearling bull. 9 Went to C-ton. Chair. 10 Sloop arrived at town with 3 bags of Cotton from Jehosse, [and] some Sand. - 11 Sloop left town - At D.h. 14. vesper 14 Returned To D.h. 15 Went to Jehosse. Sloop for Oysters. Cotton crop ordinary in what remains: but little gathered yet tho Mr. Seabrook says it seems to be as good as most on Edistow. - Rice crop, midling. 18 Returned to D.h. 19 Went to Savannah. The Gin, made after Mr. Ash's improved on Mr. Bayleys works very defectively. NB. Mr. Bayley must have improved his Gin since I saw it in May last, as Mr. Seabrook says that it has this winter produced sometimes 150 lb a day neat cotton - 22 Had a slight fever. 24 Fever returned 25 Sloop returned with a few oysters about bushels - after being absent for the purpose of bringing a load from the 15 26 No return of fever. 30 Departed for Columbia, via Orangeburgh NB Henrietta Ch. M. [and] Ch. returned to D.h 19 with Mrs. Z.
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    December 2 Laid at Keiglers. His outer gate is fastened by an injenious wooden spring lock. [drawing of wooden spring lock] a a. are two devices fixed on a bar of the gate b. is a spring of white oak, which thrusts forward - c. the bolt thro the two devices into the mortise in the gate post d. a pin fixed in the bolt, to force it back or clear from its ketch. NB. the ketch end of the bolt, [and] the face of the ketch, are rounded to prevent their friction, so that the bolt may enter more readily. [drawing of catch end of lock] 3 Arrived at the State house in Columbia 1/4 after 12. The house had just adjourned. 7 Mr. Sylvesters son Joseph came from the Waterree to give information [and] recieve [sic] orders relative to my Plantation. I desired his father to be with me the 16. Instant - 16 Mr. A. Sylvester came to me at Columbia. Gives a bad account of my Crop under the care of his son, [and] superintendance
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    December of himself. See the Waterree accounts of the produce. My neighbor Mr. O'Kean, with 1. plough on 20 Acres of contiguous swamp, makes near 1/3 more corn than I do on 80. Acres, 3 ploughs [and] 11. negroes in the field. This badness of the crop must then arise from negligence, purely. Indeed Paris says that Sylvester junr. Overseer, never lays on the plantation, and comes over only every other day. - NB. Resolve to Lease out the land, [and] remove my negroes nearer home. 19 Received a letter from Mr. Sylvester, notifying that Mrs. Huger will hire my land on the Waterree for three Years, on the conditions I mentioned to Mr. Sylvester that I proposed to Lease them - viz - for the Year 1799 - 10 po/ an acre for 100. Acres - [and] for the two Years ensuing, each 120 Acres at
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    December at 1o/ pr. Acre. 21 Left Columbia - 3. p.m. High river-Swamps liable NB. to ravagements from the Freshes. It removes the loose earth from the higher parts, [and] deposits them in the lower. - sometimes it carries them entirely away, [and] deposits them when the violence of the Fresh abates on other lands, especially where the current is abated by shrubs, reeds, fences [etc.] Sometimes it injures the soil by depositing on its surface a thick layer of sand; as at Manigaults ferry, [and] Mr. Pinckneys land at the Congaree. Sometimes it washes away the solid earth: - Thus the Congaree river had so washed away its banks at the plantation of Genl. Pinckney [and] Mr. Rutledge, that Mr. Hart their tenant was necessitated to remove the negroe houses about 100 Yds. farther back, [and] that space is now greatly diminished. - Thus Mr. Brewtons estate lands were injured at Mount Joseph, at the Congaree;
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    December Thus the Congaree river has made for itself a new course, thro the lands of Major Chappel, about 3 miles above Mr. Haigs place of residence. Mr. Keigler, [and] Major Goodwin, inhabitants of the vicinage, informed me that about 14. Years ago [i.e. 1784] the high freshes began to form a passage thro the said land, which laid on the North side of the river. By subsequent freshes [and] swells of the river, it at length became the channel of the river - insomuch, that for 6. years past i,e, 1792. the new channel has been the only one used by the market boats - [and] the old one is generally dry, or fordable, so that the labourers pass it on foot to go to work. - By this means, about 30 or 40 acres of land which were on the N. side of the river, is now placed on the South side where Major Chappel resides. 23 Journeyed 50 miles this day, from Orangeburg to Givhans ferry- from 1/4 past 8, to 1/2 past 5, with some loitering. The
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    December the horses finished their journey in good spirits. - my Method of travelling being as related in Com. Place book 4o. Vol. page 266 - 24. Driving down hill, the horse in the chair Stumbled and fell, [and] broke one of the Shafts. - Arrived safe at home - found all well - Laus Deo. Killed a Steer. 25 No assotiated dinner. In the evening, congregated a Ballet. 27 Dinner [and] Ballet. at D.h. Sent Jack yesterday in the fishing canoe to seek the Sloops yawl, which drifted from her in the Storm on the 21. No wind at Columba. 31 Jack returned; having found the canoe fastened on the Marsh on James island, but could not get her off by himself.
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    Index N. 5 Brick kiln furnace Sep 11 Chancerops Oct 28 Green pease Furnace
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    Appendix 1. from Nov. 5. - 3. apperture for drawing out the burned shells. In order to form the furnace truely, a gauge frame, like to the dotted lines fig.1, is by a pivot at the bottom [and] another on the left, made to turn round at the will of the work-man: and close to this gauge he lays the bricks. By confining, [and] reverberating the heat [and] flames, it does not require 1/2 the fewel, as when shells are burned in the open air. It will perfect the burning in 4 or 6 hours. It will contain 60 bushels of shells [and] 20 of wood. The bushel of burned shells will yield nearly or fully 2. bushed of slacked lime.
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    NB notice of the shrub Palmetto (chamcerops) useful in intermittents as a [illegible] See Septr. 11 -
Title:
The Diary of Charles Drayton I, 1791-1798
Creator:
Drayton I
Description:
Includes day-to-day management of Drayton plantations, (particularly Drayton Hall, Jehossee and Long Savannah), focusing on crops, livestock, labor, and the movement of these between estates. Charles describes (in brief) meeting and dining with President George Washington, receiving plant specimens from Thomas Jefferson, a visit from Andre Michaux, the winding up of Bob Savannah plantation, lease of plantation on the Wateree River, abuse of slaves, sending slaves from Drayton Hall to reside at Jehossee, family deaths, division of the deceased's estates and family acrimony.
Collection:
Drayton Papers, 1701-2004
Contributing Institution:
Drayton Hall: A National Historic Trust Site
Media Type:
Manuscripts
Personal or Corporate Subject:
Washington, George, 1732-1799--Travel--South Carolina., Michaux, Andre, 1746-1802
Topical Subject:
Plantation life--South Carolina--Charleston County--History--18th century, Plantations--South Carolina--Charleston County--History, Slavery--South Carolina--Charleston County--History, Rice--South Carolina--Charleston County--History, Flowering Plants, Fishing--South Carolina., Rice--South Carolina--History--18th century., Agriculture--South Carolina--Charleston County--History--18th century., Alcoholic beverages--Southern States--History., Cotton--South Carolina.
Geographic Subject:
Charleston District (S.C.)--History, Santee Canal (S.C.)--History., Drayton Hall (S.C.)
Shelving Locator:
MSS 0152
S.C. County:
Charleston County (S.C.)
Material Type:
image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications:
600 ppi, 24-bit depth, color, Epson Expression 10000XL, Archival Masters are tiffs.
Copyright Status Statement:
Digital image copyright 2011, The College of Charleston. All rights reserved. For more information contact The College of Charleston Library, Charleston, SC 29424