Mary Moultrie, William Saunders, Rosetta Simmons, Interview by Kerry Taylor, 5 March 2009

Read along with the transcript in a new window

Title:
Mary Moultrie, William Saunders, Rosetta Simmons, Interview by Kerry Taylor, 5 March 2009
Interviewer:
Taylor, Kerry
Interviewee:
Moultrie, Mary, Saunders, William, Simmons, Rosetta
Date:
2009-03-05
Description:
For over three months in 1969, four hundred African-American hospital workers from the Medical College of South Carolina and Charleston County Hospital walked off their jobs in protest over discrimination and the right to form a union. The state government and hospital boards argued that workers receiving pay from public funds could not engage in collective bargaining. The hospital strikers were mostly women, some of whom earned below the federal minimum wage; white hospital workers performing the same jobs were paid higher. This interview details the experiences of two women involved in the strike, Mary Moultrie and Rosetta Simmons, and a local civil rights activist who helped organize the strike, William Saunders. Moultrie and Simmons describe the working conditions before the strike and their demand for “respect as human beings.” Saunders remembers the racial tension in the city during the strike, detailing threats made by local officials and the false arrests of activists. All three interviewees report that African Americans at the hospital today are “afraid” to push for better pay and working conditions. Saunders also comments on the fact that “nothing is illegal in South Carolina,” referring to the fact that the state continues to deny public sector workers the right to collectively bargain. The session, which took place at the office of the union representing City workers (Local 1199-Charleston), was part of a Citadel graduate course on local history. Citadel history professor Kerry Taylor guided the initial portion of the conversation and various students followed with their own questions. For additional interviews related to the hospital workers strike, visit the Southern Oral History Program collection at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the Avery Research Center at the College of Charleston.
Collection:
The Citadel Oral History Program
Contributing Institution:
The Citadel Archives & Museum
Media Type:
Oral Histories
Topical Subject:
Hospital Workers' Strike, Charleston, S.C., 1969, African Americans--Civil rights--South Carolina--Charleston, Hospitals--Staff--Labor unions--South Carolina--Charleston, Women--Employment--South Carolina--Charleston
Language:
English
Series:
Charleston and the Long Civil Rights Movement
Shelving Locator:
The Citadel Oral History Program 2010.25.3
S.C. County:
Charleston County (S.C.)
Internet Media Type:
audio/mpeg
Digitization Specifications:
Mp3 derivative audio created with Audacity software. Archival copies are .wav files.
Copyright Status Statement:
Digital resource copyright 2011, The Citadel Archives & Museum. All rights reserved. For more information contact The Citadel Archives & Museum, Charleston, SC, 29409.